Definition of amylase in US English:



  • An enzyme, found chiefly in saliva and pancreatic fluid, that converts starch and glycogen into simple sugars.

    • ‘The extract inhibits the activity of the enzyme alpha amylase, which breaks down starches into simple sugar molecules.’
    • ‘Among the starch-degrading enzymes, amylase plays a major role.’
    • ‘The purpose of all this is to bring about chemical changes, of which the most important is the secretion by the growing embryo of an enzyme, amylase, which converts starch in the grain to maltose, a sugar.’
    • ‘You need a supplement that provides all of the three main groups of enzymes - amylase, protease and lipase - to break down fats, carbohydrates and proteins.’
    • ‘Liver enzymes, amylase, and lipase were normal, as was an upper abdominal ultrasound examination.’