Definition of alkyd in English:

alkyd

noun

Chemistry
  • Any of a group of synthetic polyester resins derived from various alcohols and acids, used in varnishes, paints, and adhesives.

    • ‘The acrylic-modified waterborne alkyd is a hybrid resin prepared by the polymerization of at least one ethylenically unsaturated monomer in the presence of a waterborne alkyd having at least one pendant sulfonate functionality.’
    • ‘Natural bristles work only with alkyd paints; synthetic bristles work with both alkyd and latex.’
    • ‘The nonaqueous media include linseed or stand oils, dryers, varnish, alkyds, molten wax, organic solvent-based acrylic, epoxy, stains, and lacquers.’
    • ‘Modern paint media are based for the most part on synthetic alkyds (possibly oil-modified) and acrylics.’
    • ‘Oil paints usually have a drying oil or a modified oil, called alkyds, as their binders.’

Origin

1920s: blend of alkyl and acid.

Pronunciation:

alkyd

/ˈalkid/