Definition of Algonquin in English:


(also Algonkin)


  • 1"( plural same or Algonquins ) "A member of a North American Indian people living in Canada along the Ottawa River and its tributaries and westward to the north of Lake Superior.

    • ‘Montagnais, Algonkins and Hurons engaged in exchange involving goods, people, and ideas with both kinds of French.’
    • ‘The Algonquins had named the territory he lived in Great Water, michi ganni.’
    • ‘His book reported that by 1640 two trade networks competed, one made up of the Algonquin, Huron, and French, and the other consisting of the Oneidas, Dutch, and English.’
    • ‘Soon, Montagnais, Algonquins, Hurons, and French, and how many more, would form a single people.’
    • ‘So I think it was a big step to recognize that a Mohawk is not a Cree, and that a Cree is not an Algonquin.’
  • 2The dialect of Ojibwa spoken by the Algonquin, with about 3,000 speakers.

    • ‘In the east, Algonquin is the principal means of communication, and spoken by the majority of all ages. In the west, most adults speak Algonquin.’
    • ‘Algonquin is a musical language that has complicated verbs with many parts.’
    • ‘I didn’t speak Algonquin to my children because I wanted them to learn good English so they’ll be able to help the reserve.’
    • ‘In the west children prefer the national language, although some may speak Algonquin; most adults speak Algonquin.’
    • ‘The Algonquin/Algonkin are a nation living in southern Quebec and Ontario. They speak Algonquin/Algonkin.’


  • Relating to the Algonquin or their language.

    • ‘And that's in Cree, which comes from the Algonquin language.’
    • ‘Illiniwek was the name of the loose confederation of Algonquin tribes that once lived in the area.’
    • ‘According to Algonquin legend, Tremblant would receive a violent shaking from the god Manitou if man ever disturbed its natural setting.’
    • ‘Manitou, The Great Spirit, is an Algonquin term, often erroneously applied as spirit monster.’
    • ‘Spoken Ojibwa or Ojibwemowin is an Algonquin language with regional dialectical differences.’


The use of Algonquin to refer generically to the Algonquian peoples or their languages is incorrect


French, perhaps a contraction of obsolete Algoumequin, from a Micmac word meaning at the place of spearing fish and eels.