Definition of aldosterone in English:

aldosterone

noun

Biochemistry
  • A corticosteroid hormone that stimulates absorption of sodium by the kidneys and so regulates water and salt balance.

    • ‘These hormones include adrenaline, norepinephrine, aldosterone and corticosteroids (cortisone).’
    • ‘The liver is involved in the metabolism and breakdown of many hormones (eg, estrogen, testosterone, aldosterone, thyroid hormones) and vitamin D.’
    • ‘It is believed that the formation of melanin is regulated by aldosterone, which is the most active mineralocorticoid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex.’
    • ‘One such hormone is aldosterone, which manages your body's balance of sodium, potassium and water.’
    • ‘Progesterone also increases sodium and water excretion in females because of competition between progesterone and aldosterone, a kidney hormone that regulates water balance.’

Origin

1950s: blend of aldehyde and steroid, + -one.

Pronunciation:

aldosterone

/ˌalˈdästərōn/