Definition of alcornoque in US English:


(also alconorque, alcornoco)


  • 1Any of various tropical American shrubs or trees yielding a medicinal bark; especially Bowdichia virgilioides (family Fabaceae (Leguminosae)), used also for timber. Also: the bark of these trees or a medicinal preparation made from it (and other parts of the tree), supposed to act as an anti-inflammatory, or the timber itself.

  • 2The cork oak, Quercus suber. Also: the bark of this, formerly used in tanning and occasionally medicinally. Now rare.


Early 19th century. From Spanish alcornoque, † alconorque cork oak, bark of the cork oak, in American Spanish also denoting various trees yielding a similar product, as well as their bark from an unattested Spanish Arabic form from Arabic al the + an unattested post-classical Latin form *quernoccus from post-classical Latin quernus oak + an unattested post-classical Latin suffix *-occus, forming nouns with pejorative connotation (goes to Spanish -ueco, suffix forming nouns with pejorative connotation).