Definition of aggregate in English:

aggregate

noun

  • 1A whole formed by combining several (typically disparate) elements.

    ‘the council was an aggregate of three regional assemblies’
    • ‘Its perceptual configurations have been thought to have a special relevance to the emergence of formal artistic qualities which cannot be reduced to a measurable aggregate of more elementary constituents.’
    • ‘What will be our relationship with the institutions that bundle aggregates of electronic journals for distribution to libraries?’
    • ‘According to Leibniz, the whole world is an aggregate of monads.’
    • ‘The pattern is seen first as aggregates to assemble in the mind, information acquired bit by bit, as in reality.’
    • ‘In fact, you do not find any ‘self,’ and so you come to know that neither the whole aggregate of form nor any part of it is the self.’
    • ‘A culture is in reality an aggregate of individuals, not an abstract whole to be subdivided into groups, and Eliot was one hell of an individual.’
    • ‘These objects remain largely as they have always been, an aggregate of separate dust grains and frozen water, loosely held together.’
    • ‘The judges will still rank every performer, and that the aggregate of their ranking will be combined with the public vote to determine who goes and who stays every week.’
    • ‘Goffs broke all records for both turnover and average at its premier Orby and Challenge sales with the combined aggregate passing the £39 million barrier.’
    • ‘Rather, economists argue that at the margin, the more costly it is to engage in an activity, the less it will be undertaken particularly when dealing with aggregates of separate actions.’
    • ‘Except as noted below, data on all cause and cause specific child and infant mortality and of age distribution of child and infant mortality were regional estimates or other aggregates.’
    • ‘The sinks are fabricated from a refined polyester resin composite containing a combination of natural and synthetic aggregates, the manufacturer says.’
    • ‘The goal of analyzing and interpreting data is to reduce the enormous amount of raw data that have been collected to a manageable aggregate.’
    • ‘Children, given the opportunity, will naturally assemble a personalized aggregate of intelligences needed to approach a learning situation.’
    • ‘For neither in any one single thing, nor in the whole aggregate and series of things, can there be found the sufficient reason of existence.’
    • ‘Because each record represented a separate loan, aggregates of multiple loans were matched with individual social security numbers.’
    • ‘Human organs are complex aggregates of cells and tissues, and it is possible that concentrations of trace elements vary among the various aggregates.’
    • ‘Space is also not an aggregate of its parts but presumably an essential whole preceding all it parts, a view motivated at least in part by theological considerations.’
    1. 1.1The total number of points scored by a player or team in a series of sporting contests.
      ‘the result put the sides even on aggregate’
      • ‘Zesco who are yet to concede a goal earned the second round berth after eliminating PAS Mates 4-0 on aggregate.’
      • ‘Interestingly, despite their team being 6-1 down on aggregate, Bayer Leverkusen's fans have not stopped singing and chanting since the match began.’
      • ‘Indeed, the cynical may argue that in winning each of their last four games by less than a single score and an aggregate of a mere 14 points, Wharfedale are struggling at the top!’
      • ‘It was Nelson who took the title for the best aggregate gross score, although their 296 total was matched by Burnley and the host club.’
      • ‘The Hungarians equalised late in the game, and went through 4-2 on aggregate after a 3-1 home win a fortnight later.’
      • ‘With five minutes to go the score was 6-4 and the teams were level on aggregate.’
      • ‘It was extra time and 2-2 on aggregate when they flashed a footballing épée, scored twice without making a sound and left Tony Adams and Co dazed and confused.’
      • ‘The win, their eighth in 10 matches this month, was worth three points as they tacked on the bonus for winning on aggregate over the home and away fixtures.’
      • ‘They had lost the first leg 5-1 and went behind early in the second leg before scoring eight goals to win 9-7 on aggregate with the whole team sharing the match award.’
      • ‘Surprisingly only finished second to Switzerland, before beating Wales 1-0 on aggregate in a nervy play-off.’
      • ‘The Dinamo Kiev striker scored the winner against Turkey in the play off first leg and then got the vital equaliser in Istanbul to level the scores on the night and put Latvia ahead on aggregate.’
      • ‘They beat a Lions side which barely put up a fight; this is the weakest Australian side for many years; and a Springboks side still in transition came very close indeed to beating them in New Zealand and won the two games on aggregate.’
      • ‘After finishing second to Bulgaria in their qualifying group, Croatia beat Slovenia 2-1 on aggregate in a Balkan play-off.’
      • ‘The burton and Milnthorpe clubs are separated only by the aggregate on completion of the first half of the season in the South Lakeland Rural League.’
      • ‘Barcelona are now totally in charge, with the scores level on aggregate and two away-goals to their credit.’
      • ‘On their way to the 1991 African Cup Winners Cup triumph over BCC Lions of Nigeria, Power beat Rivatex 4-3 on aggregate in the first round.’
      • ‘England did not enter in 1960, the first tournament and were beaten 6-3 on aggregate by France in the first round of the 1964 competition.’
      • ‘Four minutes later, Singapore scored to level the tie on aggregate.’
      • ‘After beating the Swedes 4-0 on aggregate, the team is now mixing with the powerhouse clubs in what looks like the strongest field ever assembled.’
      • ‘Freuberg won 4-0 to advance 4-2 on aggregate to the third round.’
  • 2A material or structure formed from a loosely compacted mass of fragments or particles.

    • ‘Malachite is also well known as loosely coherent aggregates and. as thin green films and stains.’
    • ‘Soil particles are bound together into aggregates and these influence the precise pore structure of the soil.’
    • ‘Temper carbon - compact aggregates or nodules of graphite found in malleable iron as a result of heat treatment.’
    • ‘The material inside the skull is an aggregate of clay-sized chloritic material and is a treasure trove of minerals.’
    • ‘The stability of an aggregate will depend on the number of vesicles in the aggregate and on the energy per vesicle.’
    • ‘It encourages microorganism activity causing soil particles to clump together and form aggregates.’
    • ‘Plus, they excrete sticky compounds that glue soil particles into aggregates, keeping the soil open and porous.’
    • ‘So I could infer the general composition of that… aggregate clump by the fireplace, but I'll be switched if I know its point of origin.’
    • ‘Marcasite, when viewed in hand specimen, tends to form crudely banded masses or massive aggregates.’
    • ‘These actin nucleation sites lead to the formation of large aggregates due to charge shielding between actin monomers in the aggregate and monomers in the bulk.’
    • ‘According to Brownlee, the loose aggregate of particles seen on comets may represent the first generation of solids in the solar system.’
    • ‘The fine sand and silt size fraction comprised decayed plant material, pollen, occasional chitin fragments, clay aggregates, diatoms and fine silicates.’
    • ‘If the platelets are not separated, it is unlikely that the shear forces generated during the compounding process will be sufficient to overcome the forces holding the aggregates together.’
    • ‘Therefore, the stable structure of the aggregate is not needed to determine its mechanical properties.’
    • ‘Underfoot irregular, pebbles lay like aggregate and chips of stone protruded from the compacted ground, as desiccated and brittle as human bone.’
    • ‘The crystals were yellow-brown aggregates of needle-shaped structures that simulated haystacks.’
    • ‘The simulations predict loose aggregates of particles with many branches in a complex network, like a portion of a spider's web.’
    • ‘Polysaccharides help form humus, which enables small clay or silt particles to stick together to form larger aggregates.’
    collection, mass, cluster, lump, clump, pile, heap, bundle, quantity
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    1. 2.1Pieces of broken or crushed stone or gravel used to make concrete, or more generally in building and construction work.
      • ‘Block/concrete brick are manufactured using Portland cement, aggregate, sand, and water.’
      • ‘The funding was a result of a Government tax levied on every tonne of stone aggregate extracted from quarrying.’
      • ‘Aggregates are concrete and other materials sorted, crushed and mixed so as to form mixed aggregate in pieces of 70 mm, or less, in diameter.’
      • ‘Concrete marble aggregate is one of its key components with 57 white columns, each weighing 29 tonnes, forming the structure of the building.’
      • ‘He started work just after 8am and had been helping to unload stones and aggregate in large bags from a ship's hold.’
      • ‘Britain used to have a healthy stable of big concrete, aggregate and cement groups, from Blue Circle to Tarmac and RMC.’
      • ‘A contract to rebuild a stretch of the A5087 on Rampside Road in Barrow is a pilot scheme in which recycled glass is mixed in with the stone aggregate normally used in the lower layers of the road.’
      • ‘Dawnus provided machines to prepare the site and supplied concrete, aggregate, timber and manpower.’
      • ‘The serene, cave-like space is defined by floors of smooth grey Italian stone and walls of ground faced concrete block with black aggregate and charcoal mortar.’
      • ‘All these trucks turn up at about 4 o'clock in the afternoon with gravel and sand and aggregate, wanting to dump it.’
      • ‘Stone tile, a relatively affordable alternative to stone, is made from real stone aggregate suspended in a polymer binder.’
      • ‘Old concrete that has reached the end of its service life can be recycled and reused as aggregate for new concrete mixtures.’
      • ‘The Guardian this week reported a plan to recruit 900 construction workers from Jamaica to fill a local shortage, and also a shortage of local aggregate to mix with cement in making concrete.’
      • ‘The original structural system, including the roof, was entirely cast-in-place reinforced concrete using normal-weight aggregate.’
      • ‘When mixed with fine aggregate used in concrete, these cements reportedly achieve strengths up to 14,000 psi.’
      • ‘Pots were filled with building aggregate (referred to as ‘sand’) by hand and stones over about 1 cm in length were removed during pot filling.’
      • ‘But recovered concrete can be crushed and used as road gravel or aggregate.’
      • ‘The panels, which are to be made of concrete and limestone aggregate, will create horizontal bands of shadows on the exterior.’
      • ‘Brits also appear to have an long term fascination with types of paving surfaces, so you could find yourself tripping on stone, brick, aggregate, concrete, rock or blocks.’
      • ‘Assuming that the concrete has good aggregate to begin with, enduring freezing and thawing is the primary durability issue.’

adjective

  • 1[attributive] Formed or calculated by the combination of many separate units or items; total.

    ‘the aggregate amount of grants made’
    • ‘He asked them to determine whether there were any separate or aggregate health issues that would mean General Pinochet was unfit to stand trial in Spain.’
    • ‘The issue was for an aggregate amount of Rs 100 crore and was rated ‘AAA’ by Crisil.’
    • ‘Registering trustees are required to report the aggregate amount of funds under supervision and the names of the trusts.’
    • ‘Why not, in addition to accelerating the promised development assistance, increase the aggregate amount of aid by the next summit in 2003?’
    • ‘From the aggregate data, we calculated the overall rates of frequencies of patient identification and vital sign monitoring.’
    • ‘Your children may receive an aggregate amount of gifts and inheritances to the value of 456,438 from their parents, free from Irish tax.’
    • ‘The aggregate amount of these claims, calculated as at July 31, 1992 was approximately $5,165,000.’
    • ‘The payment period is for 25 years, or when the aggregate amount has been collected, whichever comes first.’
    • ‘The aggregate amount of the assessed tax was £1, 245, 545 plus interest.’
    • ‘We think you will agree therefore that the test is whether the aggregate amount of rent payable during the year commencing 12 April 1983 exceeded two thirds of the rateable value of the property on that date.’
    • ‘For the whole period, the 47 transactions had an aggregate transaction amount, in Canadian dollars, of $3,986, 351.’
    • ‘This aggregate amount represents an increase of 25 per cent in Commonwealth Government funding to those three categories of schools.’
    • ‘Frisvold, Tronstad, and Mortensen use a different modeling approach to calculate aggregate welfare changes from the introduction of Bt cotton in the same period.’
    • ‘Their parting present to SE was to increase the aggregate amount which it could legally have outstanding from £2bn to £3bn.’
    • ‘The aggregate amount of loans also picked up drastically, from 7.3 billion leva to 11.1 billion leva.’
    • ‘The ATL companies would pay an aggregate amount of £7.5 million to various BTL company creditors.’
    • ‘Satanjib Dutta of Cotton College has topped the final list this year, with letter marks in six subjects and total aggregate marks of 439.’
    • ‘Of course this is not all bad; among other things, it will greatly increase variety, the aggregate amount of information, and the entertainment value of actual choices.’
    • ‘The only limit which it imposes is not upon the court's assessment of the damages but upon the aggregate amount that the plaintiff can recover by execution under any of the judgments.’
    • ‘Nevertheless, the results suggest that it would be of biotechnological interest to separate the aggregate subclasses and use the lower complexity aggregates in refolding protocols.’
    total, combined, whole, gross, accumulated, added, entire, complete, full, comprehensive, overall, composite
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    1. 1.1Botany
      (of a group of species) comprising several very similar species formerly regarded as a single species.
      • ‘Rifai (1969) adopted the concept of ‘aggregate’ species, and distinguished nine ‘species aggregates’, and admitted that some of them (particularly T. hamatum) likely contain two or more morphologically indistinguishable species.’
      • ‘Some chromosomal variation is evident in the New Zealand members of the K. ericoides complex, which helps to support the recognition of additional taxa within this aggregate species.’
      • ‘If treated as a variety of the aggregate species D. intermedia, the New Zealand plant must bear the varietal name of norfolkensis, whether it occurs elsewhere or not.’
      • ‘Dandelions are so hard to identify that many botanists will record them as the aggregate.’
      • ‘In the case of the Poa secunda aggregate, to recognize 45 "small species" is unrealistic.’
    2. 1.2Economics
      Denoting the total supply or demand for goods and services in an economy at a particular time.
      ‘aggregate demand’
      ‘aggregate supply’
      • ‘What we have mostly, to this day, are single-market analyses, or aggregate models of the entire economy, such as the monetary models used today’
      • ‘For this reason, other economists, such as the authors of the UN Human Development Report, routinely exclude China from aggregate data covering developing nations.’
      • ‘For all of their conceptual and measurement problems, economic aggregate measures are the best means we have for understanding the economy.’
      • ‘The notion that economies, as a whole, sometimes lack sufficient drive derives from a faulty set of economic doctrines that focus on the demand side of the aggregate economy.’
      • ‘Sichel, however, shows that even the growing share of the service sector is not enough to substantially raise measurement errors for the aggregate economy.’

verb

  • 1Form or group into a class or cluster.

    [no object] ‘the butterflies aggregate in dense groups’
    • ‘Whatever else they are, general elections are a mechanism for aggregating the preferences of millions of people in a way that determines which party gets to form the government of the country.’
    • ‘Of course, these are headline-level statistics, aggregating sectors and occupations.’
    • ‘He appears convincing by aggregating voluminous references without subjecting himself to the rigours of the scientific process.’
    • ‘These posts are then aggregated or collected into another weighty post, which itself might have the potential to push forward the debate.’
    • ‘Of course democracy can be seen as a mechanism for aggregating diverse views about both facts and values; and Habermas offers a distinctive account of democracy.’
    • ‘While the Command Post was about aggregating information, Strengthening The Good is about amplifying awareness.’
    • ‘Erik Gartzke, a Columbia University professor, says such markets are ‘very good at aggregating information.’’
    • ‘Yahoo needs to do consider doing something about aggregating news under a subject or topic areas.’
    • ‘Then he began poring over tax forms from various conservative nonprofits and aggregating the data about fund-raising and expenditures.’
    • ‘Yet aggregating the collective wisdom and putting a probability on it is a very valuable function in itself.’
    • ‘Let's start off by aggregating all the possible insights about a given subject from all the weblogs that specifically refer to it.’
    • ‘We've aggregated several different polls over the last couple of years.’
    • ‘Rather than looking at distributing a bunch of applications across a bunch of processors and aggregating unused compute power, Powerllel focuses on the application itself.’
    • ‘It is not a system for aggregating information and reaching a rational decision about what we should do - it is a system for moderating conflicting interests.’
    • ‘Sensor nodes are aggregated to form clusters based on their power levels and proximity.’
    • ‘The fruit is dehiscent, woody, aggregated in bunches and generally contains two seeds.’
    • ‘Blackbirds seem to maximize that benefit by aggregating their nests in dense colonies.’
    • ‘These markets work their magic, he argues, by aggregating a great deal of information from as many sources as possible.’
    • ‘Markets have consistently beat the alternatives at aggregating information.’
    • ‘It will enable the Government to fudge things much more because the output classes can be aggregated with this legislation.’
    1. 1.1Computing
      Collect (related items of content) so as to display or link to them.
      ‘tools that aggregate data from all of the security devices are a good first step’
      • ‘The standardized format makes it easier to collect business information at multiple points in the business process and easily aggregate data elements into meaningful business information.’
      • ‘The old Information Access Company aggregates periodical articles in databases and has always been an intrinsically online company.’
      • ‘The RPR network aggregates the packet traffic from around the ring onto one or more highly concentrated links connecting to the network edge.’
      • ‘For the best performance, large numbers of drives can be connected and their data aggregated into a larger host interface.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from Latin aggregat- herded together from the verb aggregare, from ad- toward + grex, greg- a flock.