Definition of agglutinate in US English:



  • 1Firmly stick or be stuck together to form a mass.

    with object ‘this secretion may form crusts agglutinating the eyelids’
    no object ‘the petals agglutinate to form a compact mass’
    • ‘The mutual orientation of agglutinated plates is similar to the putative organization of twin domains in a crystal; therefore it was supposed that agglutinated and twinned crystals have similar nature.’
    • ‘In many cases they were seen agglutinated and forming smaller or larger black clusters.’
    • ‘Pangolins are conspicuous and remarkable because their backs are covered with large, overlapping scales made up of agglutinated hairs.’
    • ‘At first, the attempts to separate agglutinated plates applying mechanical force were undertaken.’
    • ‘Lump asafoetida, sometimes called mass, is the most common commercial form, consisting of tears agglutinated into a more or less uniform mass or lump.’
    stick, gum, paste
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    1. 1.1Biology (with reference to bacteria or red blood cells) clump together.
      with object ‘these strains agglutinate human red cells’
      no object ‘cell fragments agglutinate and form intricate meshes’
      • ‘The direct agglutination test, in which stained parasites are agglutinated by serum antibodies, is popular in Iran and Africa, but variation between batches and the high cost of commercially available antigen are limiting factors.’
      • ‘If the antiserum agglutinates in your red blood cells, you are Rh positive.’
      • ‘In addition to increasing the viscosity of airway secretions, albumin can agglutinate individual cilia and destroy coordinated ciliary motion, which may lead to impairment of mucociliary clearance.’
      • ‘The ‘mixed field’ results with anti-A sera showed one large agglutinate with ‘free cells’ in the background.’
      • ‘A cross-match later revealed that her serum agglutinated her husband's cells.’
    2. 1.2Linguistics with object Combine (simple words or parts of words) without change of form to express compound ideas.
      • ‘The problem is that Inuktitut is a language where phrases are joined together in a single word - what we call an agglutinating language - so even circumlocutions like ‘wet sticky snow’ come out as one word.’
      • ‘Languages can be classified into one of three types: isolating or noninflective, agglutinating, and inflecting.’
      • ‘In most cases, the first 2nd, 3rd or 4th letters of each Basque word were agglutinated into a new word.’
      • ‘The pronouns in Sumerian are gender indifferent just like in Uralic and Altaic and are also affixed to the morpheme and become part of the agglutinated phrase.’
      • ‘French-based Creoles are notable for such fused forms in which the noun is agglutinated to the article, as Haitian Creole dlo ‘water’, which corresponds to the French sequence of words de l' eau.’
      join, join together, join forces, amalgamate, consolidate, integrate, unite, unify, combine, incorporate, affiliate, coalesce, meld, team up, link, link up, band, band together, ally, league, federate
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Mid 16th century: from Latin agglutinat- ‘caused to adhere’, from the verb agglutinare, from ad- ‘to’ + glutinare (from gluten ‘glue’).