Definition of Afghanistan in US English:


proper noun

  • A mountainous landlocked republic in central Asia; population 32,500,000 (2015 estimate); capital, Kabul; official languages, Pashto and Dari (the local form of Persian).

Part of the Indian Mogul empire, Afghanistan became independent in the mid 18th century. It was occupied by Soviet forces 1979–89; after they withdrew, the country was thrown into turmoil with various Islamic groups struggling for power. The Taliban seized power in 1996; following the attacks of September 11, 2001, US-led forces invaded Afghanistan and toppled the Taliban. A new government was formed, and a constitution was signed January 16, 2004, but instability continued in many areas of the country