One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
Conducting or conducted inward or toward something (for nerves, the central nervous system; for blood vessels, the organ supplied).The opposite of efferent
- ‘Sensory systems are generally presumed to convey peripheral afferent signals to the central nervous system with a high degree of fidelity.’
- ‘Hypoxia could disturb respiratory afferent pathways and neural processing at more than one level.’
- ‘In addition, the dorsal central column of primary afferent fibers within the spinal cord appears susceptible to the inhibitory effects of hypoxia in rats.’
- ‘There is increasing support for the idea that in asthma the efferent and afferent nerve fibers may be changed in their capacity to be stimulated.’
- ‘Cough is mediated by the interaction of sensory afferent nerves, central cough reflexes, and local axon reflexes.’
An afferent nerve fiber or vessel.
- ‘These afferents bypass the olfactory neuropil in the antennal lobe to project into the antennal mechanosensory and motor centers.’
- ‘Muscle receptor afferents are involved in the level and timing of respiratory activity.’
- ‘Proprioceptor afferents project to the phrenic motor neurons and affect their firing rate.’
- ‘It may also be the site of projection of proprioceptive afferents from the respiratory muscles and chest wall.’
- ‘In addition, cholinergic afferents can be stimulated by a variety of mediators involved in allergen-induced airway inflammation.’
Mid 19th century: from Latin afferent- ‘bringing towards’, from the verb afferre, from ad- ‘to’ + ferre ‘bring’.
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