Definition of advance in English:



  • 1no object Move forward in a purposeful way.

    ‘the troops advanced on the capital’
    ‘she stood up and advanced toward him’
    • ‘Mazzini had not allowed Garibaldi to press home his advantage against the French, and, early in June, Oudinot, strengthened by reinforcements, again advanced on the city.’
    • ‘Simba advanced on her and she began to scramble towards the door.’
    • ‘They advanced on her, but stopped dead in their tracks.’
    • ‘Scores of officers were involved in the operation and it is believed the man advanced on officers, ignoring warnings to stop, when he was shot.’
    • ‘As we advanced on the village of Guiry a runner came up and told us that the Armistice would be signed at eleven o'clock that day, November 11.’
    • ‘An attacker advanced on her while she stood unprotected, with nowhere to run.’
    • ‘He stood up aggressively from the sofa and advanced on her.’
    • ‘The old man stood, and Cale gave ground as the other advanced on him.’
    • ‘Nikhil stood and advanced on her; she sat still, wondering what it was he was going to do.’
    • ‘With perfect balance, she advanced on Aslyn in three long strides.’
    • ‘He advanced on Sophia purposefully, then stopped.’
    • ‘One of the burly men went up towards the crowd while the rest advanced on Miguel.’
    • ‘Adam threw the harness he had been mending to the floor, stood up, and advanced on Joe.’
    • ‘The supporters appeared to listen briefly, but when the match officials headed towards the exit and the crowd advanced on them, the police stepped in.’
    • ‘She stood and advanced on the murderer of her friend.’
    • ‘Kady lost no time in planting herself and the flag in the front of the Rhode Island line where she could shout encouragement to the boys as they advanced on the Rebels.’
    • ‘Jean Delsarte's father was the head of a textile factory in Fourmies but in 1914 the German armies advanced on the town and Jean left his home town with all the family, except his father, and fled to safety.’
    • ‘‘No,’ Isabelle shook her head as she advanced on the chair's occupant.’
    • ‘In the final minute of the match, veteran defender Shuan Dennis saved a certain goal as Darryl Duffy advanced on goal.’
    • ‘As the allied troops advanced on Paris in March 1814, Daumesnil stood ready to defend his fortress, his city, and his Emperor.’
    move forward, proceed, move along, press on, push on, push forward, make progress, make headway, forge on, forge ahead, gain ground, approach, come closer, move closer, move nearer, draw nearer, near
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    1. 1.1with object Cause (an event) to occur at an earlier date than planned.
      ‘I advanced the date of the meeting by several weeks’
      • ‘The election is not due in the State until 2003, but political analysts say the BJP is keen to capitalise on its current lead in the polls by advancing the date.’
      • ‘Meanwhile, Arthur wants to advance the wedding date, as his father is getting better.’
      • ‘The question is what is the need for advancing the date of elections by a few months.’
      • ‘But the Election Commission disturbed this apple-cart when it advanced the elections, thus ruining their plan.’
      • ‘It would be nice if the government could even advance the scheduled date, just to make its enemies squirm.’
      bring forward, put forward, move forward, make earlier
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  • 2Make or cause to make progress.

    no object ‘our knowledge is advancing all the time’
    with object ‘it was a chance to advance his own interests’
    • ‘Genetic interventions that accelerate or retard aging in mice are crucial in advancing our knowledge over mammalian aging.’
    • ‘Discourse is necessary for advancing knowledge.’
    • ‘It might therefore seem clear, whatever else is the case, that Descartes conceives of knowledge as advancing truth.’
    • ‘Psychiatrists and others trained in dynamic therapy are well positioned to meet this challenge and to advance our knowledge of the treatment of personality disorder.’
    • ‘Only several years later did I realize the important role he played in advancing historical knowledge and interpretation.’
    • ‘It advanced the knowledge of how to design composite tanks to hold cryogenic fluids.’
    • ‘It might contain taxonomic or classificatory work, which is worthwhile but not driven by the desire either to advance knowledge or to develop practical solutions.’
    • ‘I am a firm believer in sound science, and I believe that the shuttle mission has played a crucial role in advancing our knowledge of the universe we live in.’
    • ‘From the position of academics it has advanced our knowledge; whether it is useful to the Committee is for them to decide.’
    • ‘These ventures are very important in advancing our knowledge about ourselves and others.’
    • ‘Space exploration and exploitation is a major driving force in advancing the frontiers of knowledge.’
    • ‘But Lawrence's distinction breaks down in the end, for the telling of tales is also a way that the teller advances his own knowledge of the world.’
    • ‘We will not examine the forms of the Greek letters themselves, but it is certainly worth stressing how important this form of writing was to be in advancing knowledge.’
    • ‘He inspired a younger generation of scholars to take the same measured approach to the problem of remaining faithful to the Church while advancing new knowledge.’
    • ‘For many academics the recognition they gain by advancing knowledge in their field is sufficient.’
    • ‘Hm, so you're saying that people are greedy and will do horrible things to advance their own wealth and power?’
    • ‘The challenges are not insurmountable, and researchers have done good descriptive work that has advanced knowledge to this point.’
    • ‘But to advance our knowledge such views need to be supported by rigorous analytical reasoning and the dispassionate gathering of cases and data.’
    • ‘The Defence of Britain project has not only advanced our knowledge, but has also underpinned the conservation of 20th century defensive sites.’
    • ‘Surely, a division of labor is essential if we are to advance the frontiers of knowledge; we need technical experts focused on specific fields of investigation.’
    promote, further, forward, help, aid, assist, facilitate, boost, strengthen, improve, make better, benefit, foster, cultivate, encourage, support, back
    progress, make progress, make headway, develop, improve, become better, thrive, flourish, prosper, mature
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    1. 2.1no object (especially of shares of stock) increase in price.
      ‘two stocks advanced for every one that fell’
      • ‘Oil prices will almost certainly not advance in the next 12 months to the same extent as they have in the past year.’
      • ‘European stocks advanced after an index of US manufacturing rose more than expected in August, a sign of recovery in the world's largest economy.’
      • ‘A total of 15 shares advanced, while there were six declines.’
      • ‘The potential for a share to advance usually attracts investors, who are looking for quick profits.’
      • ‘The consequence is that metals prices can actually advance most strongly during such a period, as we have been seeing.’
      • ‘As the NASDAQ retreated, Leonard Davis' stock advanced.’
      • ‘The advance/decline ratio was all evened out this month as a total of 12 shares advanced while 12 shares declined.’
      • ‘A total of 4 shares advanced while there were 13 declines.’
      • ‘The shares have advanced 32 percent since the end of September.’
      • ‘Nonetheless, AU Optronics shares advanced 1.35 percent to NT $45.2 on the Taiwan Stock Exchange yesterday.’
      • ‘‘In this environment it is difficult to see how Iona's share price can advance from current levels,’ Dixon said.’
      • ‘When a publicly quoted company is surrounded by merger and acquisition speculation, its shares tend to advance in anticipation of a healthy offer price or takeover premium.’
      • ‘Prices advanced quickly from tens to thousands of dollars.’
      • ‘Action's shares advanced 6p to 71p this afternoon on the news.’
      • ‘Advances were outnumbered by declines as nine shares advanced while 14 declined.’
      • ‘The Stoxx 600 Index added 0.4 percent to 214.37 as four shares advanced for every three that declined.’
      • ‘Three stocks fell for every two that rose on the Big Board, while two declined for every one that advanced on the NASDAQ Stock Market.’
      • ‘In Euro terms, oil prices have hardly advanced from their mid-2000 levels.’
      • ‘All very well if Telecom shares advance in the first week, as is, admittedly, widely expected.’
      • ‘Recent data showed industrial output in the US rose in the month of March for the first time in six months and consumer prices advanced at the slowest rate in seven months.’
  • 3with object Put forward (a theory or suggestion)

    ‘the hypothesis I wish to advance in this article’
    • ‘The theory was advanced in the 1980s by Alan Harvey Guth and was elaborated upon by Paul Steinhardt, Andrei Linde, and Andreas Albrecht.’
    • ‘When I advanced my long-held theory that some of his constituents were living vicariously through his exploits, Wilson readily agreed.’
    • ‘Thomas Frank has advanced this theory in a book entitled What's the Matter with Kansas?’
    • ‘I have consistently advanced the theory that there are five basic reasons for which parliaments exist.’
    • ‘What if Einstein had not advanced his theories?’
    • ‘Sammy doesn't discount that contention, but he advances another theory.’
    • ‘Frank has been making the rounds, advancing a theory that I believe is not without merit.’
    • ‘The theory advanced by her counsel was that she was not morally responsible, but what they had to decide was whether she was legally responsible for the deed.’
    • ‘In Hinduism many sects advanced their theories about the nature of Reality.’
    • ‘He was a U.S. version of Gandhi, advancing the theory of pacifist resistance through his words and deeds.’
    • ‘Canadian geophysicist J. Tuzo Wilson was also pivotal in advancing the plate-tectonics theory.’
    • ‘On behalf of Maria Stanciu, her counsel advances two theories in support of the claim for legal and equitable title.’
    • ‘Subversive books, including those advancing the theories of Newton and Copernicus, were removed from the university's library.’
    • ‘Over the past few years, there has been an upsurge in student violence in T & T. Many have advanced theories as to how this menace can be solved.’
    • ‘Allow me, therefore, to advance a theory based upon sound research and to propose recommendations sure to bring about a substantial reduction in these criminal acts.’
    • ‘But lack of concrete evidence will not stop would-be decipherers from advancing theories and interpretations.’
    • ‘When he called for the establishment of Pakistan, Mohammad Ali Jinnah advanced the two-nation theory.’
    • ‘You might advance theories about lucky timing or mysterious audience chemistry, but Barnett modestly credits a more practical factor.’
    • ‘However, contemporary coherence theorists respond that they are advancing a theory of justification, not truth.’
    • ‘It discusses the theory advanced by John Rawls that authority is legitimate if and only if it acts in accord with principles the subjects agree to.’
    put forward, present, come up with, submit, suggest, propose, introduce, put up, offer, proffer, adduce, moot
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  • 4with two objects Lend (money) to (someone)

    ‘the bank advanced them a loan’
    • ‘He directed Mr Staume to record all money advanced to him as loans.’
    • ‘The money was advanced to his Jersey bank account and much later forwarded to an account in Dublin.’
    • ‘That loan guarantee allowed the co-op's bank to advance it more money to reconfigure the plant.’
    • ‘If this chap comes looking for work by all means give him a job but be warned: be careful not to advance any money to him.’
    • ‘The bank advances funds to you in exchange for the right to collect that amount from income streams due to the business from debtors.’
    • ‘The money advanced by the institution to Mrs Wilson was in its possession.’
    • ‘The locally-managed Urban Co-operative Bank advances loans in millions to the needy sections which predominantly include non-Navayaths and the Hindus.’
    • ‘A lender who advanced money to its customers on this basis would be out of business fast once the economy worsened.’
    • ‘Secondly, under the Housing Act 1985 the Secretary of State may advance money to recognized lending institutions to enable them to grant loans to first-home purchasers.’
    • ‘Moreover, if the bank had not advanced the money to the council, it would have employed the money on similar terms in its own business.’
    • ‘As Mr Lawson points out, the intermediate bank was never at risk because it never advanced money to the company until it was paid by the group.’
    • ‘Significantly, Western banks have advanced a syndicated loan to the country on which interest will be paid.’
    • ‘The capitalists advance money to the producers, who then use it for buying means of production and for paying wages.’
    • ‘You require Dairywise Limited to advance money to you in the amount of £7, 000.00’
    • ‘She said that if the council advanced the money as a loan, it would get around the legal difficulties.’
    • ‘It advanced money to the plaintiffs for which it was not fully repaid.’
    • ‘The expenses are alleged to have been incurred in advancing money to the company in order to finance an increase by that company of its shareholding in an Italian television network.’
    • ‘A director's loan arises when a director advances money to or draws money out of a company.’
    • ‘As the farmers' loan repayment problems mounted, how were they to convince the banks to advance additional money to allow them buy more cattle and keep their farms working?’
    • ‘The moneys were advanced by the parents to their son and his wife in order to help them out.’
    lend, loan, credit, pay in advance, supply on credit
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    1. 4.1 Pay (money) to (someone) before it is due.
      ‘he advanced me a month's salary’
      • ‘Then, not long ago, Elektra balked at advancing money for Ween to record a new album.’
      • ‘All of the money advanced by the record company to the act has to be paid back by the act from it's small percentage of the CD returns.’
      • ‘Giselle could hear Elaine pleading with her father to advance her allowance one month so that she could purchase some outfits.’
      • ‘The reconciliation is needed to make sure the money advanced has been properly spent.’
      • ‘Record companies advance money for recording costs and provide limited marketing services for the music that artists conceive and create.’
      • ‘At the company's office, I was shown a spreadsheet for a hypothetical client who had been advanced $8,500 in cash over six months.’
      spend, expend, pay, lay out, put up, part with, hand over, remit, furnish, supply, disburse, contribute, give, donate, invest, advance, pledge
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  • 1A forward movement.

    ‘the rebels' advance on Madrid was well under way’
    figurative ‘the advance of civilization’
    • ‘The telltale clink of tracks heralds the advance of a brigade combat team.’
    • ‘He said the squadron trained in the usual cavalry tasks such as advances, convoy escort, route reconnaissance, clearance ops and VCPs.’
    • ‘Emirs and sheiks along the Mongols' line of advance came and did homage.’
    • ‘Security elements must check out all suspected ambush areas prior to the advance of the main element.’
    • ‘The advance of the Red Army into eastern Europe produced a different outcome there.’
    • ‘Everyone knew tomorrow's mission involved an armored advance against possible heavy enemy defenses.’
    • ‘This was a unique terrain for warfare, where rapid advances and swift movements of armies were extremely difficult.’
    • ‘The lack of organic or attached infantry makes it difficult for a troop to hold ground or defend against an enemy advance.’
    • ‘And since the arrival of the British troops the number of UN peace keepers in Sierra Leone has doubled to 11,000, and the rebel advance has been turned into retreat.’
    • ‘After weeks of dreadful anticipation, a rebel militia advances against government forces.’
    • ‘Haig has been criticised by some for his belief in the simple advance of infantry troops on enemy lines.’
    • ‘The Chin army began a systematic advance at the same moment that their retreating chariots wheeled and fell on the Tzu-hsi's exposed flanks.’
    • ‘Strategy and tactics were based on easily coordinated and controlled movements - advances, encirclements, or envelopments.’
    • ‘The lines of advance for combined units and units should be selected with the idea to first of all capture the objectives on which the stability of defense hinges.’
    • ‘With Moltke's approval, he therefore deflected his line of advance to the south-east of Paris.’
    • ‘For the first time during the Great Patriotic War, it was decided to use mobile obstacle construction detachments to support the advance of tank corps.’
    • ‘The mortar can also be mounted in a vehicle, firing through the roof hatch, to keep pace with a mechanised advance.’
    • ‘After the position was organized, he led an assault approximately 15 yards from the final objective, when enemy fire halted the advance.’
    • ‘The sensors provide early warning of the advance of enemy troops and vehicles.’
    • ‘The Germans had decided to make Warsaw a fortress city which would be defended at all costs in an effort to stem the advance of the Red Army.’
    progress, headway, moving forward, forward movement
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  • 2A development or improvement.

    ‘genuine advances in engineering techniques’
    ‘decades of great scientific advance’
    • ‘However, huge advances in the development of anti-depressants coupled with greater understanding of the cause of depression are a cause for optimism, he said.’
    • ‘That scientific breakthrough enabled advances in tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment which have now saved millions of lives.’
    • ‘"It may not be 100 per cent proof, but advances in technology have improved its accuracy.’
    • ‘We can look forward to further developments and advances in the future.’
    • ‘First, there were the relatively recent advances in the development of wildlife management as a scientific discipline in its own right.’
    • ‘A general comment is that this decade, we have had major advances in understanding the immune system and major advances in developing medication.’
    • ‘The options to start a family have been improved through recent advances in technology.’
    • ‘Our aim is to ensure that these services are readily accessible through use of the latest developments and advances in technology.’
    • ‘The latest developments are propelled by advances in laser technology.’
    • ‘In the developed world, advances in technology and construction mean that natural phenomena rarely wreak havoc, except when there are especially bad floods, hurricanes, or quakes.’
    • ‘Due to scientific advances in DNA, there is now the opportunity to minimise the detainment of an innocent person.’
    • ‘It failed to react quickly to international developments and advances in relevant fields.’
    • ‘Recent advances in developmental biology clearly validate the expectation that we will be able to answer such questions in the near future.’
    • ‘Drug delivery systems are needed to exploit many of the drugs developed from advances in molecular biology.’
    • ‘The development has implications for advances in lithographic techniques.’
    • ‘It has a special significance, too, for my brother and I who basically marked our childhood development by advances in video game technology.’
    • ‘It concluded, ‘Put simply, clinical research has not kept pace with the advances in basic scientific discovery and this disadvantages patients.’’
    • ‘But only recent advances in scientific dating techniques, the latest using accelerator mass spectrometry, have enabled their true antiquity to be revealed.’
    • ‘There have been striking advances in plant developmental biology in recent times, and some unique and important features have emerged.’
    • ‘Scientific advances in diagnostic tools make it possible for experts to identify new diseases more quickly than anyone could have done in the past.’
    breakthrough, development, step forward, step in the right direction, leap, quantum leap, find, finding, discovery, invention, success
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    1. 2.1 An increase or rise in amount, value, or price.
      ‘bond prices posted vigorous advances’
      • ‘As our chart shows, the big advance in stock prices came about in the last quarter of the twentieth century - but that period is unique and, possibly, the exception rather than the rule.’
      • ‘Looking back, we now understand how the system was working: honest companies posted moderate growth and moderate stock price advances.’
      • ‘The mere laborer has thus no more interest in the general advance of productive power than the Cuban slave had in the advance in the price of sugar.’
      • ‘Ultimately they brought out enough nuts to put the market in an oversupply position and the price advance came to a screeching halt and slowly but surely the market started to inch its way down.’
      • ‘Animal carcass weights also indicate advances, with the increase in size of lambs and calves the best indicators of productivity improvements.’
      • ‘Another piece of information that I can share with you on my seasonal gold work has to do with the price advances of the seasonal cycle.’
      • ‘The advance in prices increased both government expenditures and debt.’
      increase, rise, upturn, upsurge, upswing, growth, boom, boost, elevation, escalation, augmentation
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  • 3An amount of money paid before it is due or for work only partly completed.

    ‘the author was paid a $250,000 advance’
    ‘I asked for an advance on next month's salary’
    • ‘The advance on a book, except for a few hundred authors internationally, tends to be not very much.’
    • ‘He has even taken advances on his salary, and loans just to make ends meet.’
    • ‘I spent my book advance on a motorboat and about two months later it blew up.’
    • ‘The next morning Nataraj asked for an advance on his salary to buy rice, and kerosene for the little stove we provide. I gave it to him.’
    • ‘After spending a night in jail, he had managed to find a job moving boxes at a local warehouse, and had been able to convince the foreman into an advance on his first paycheck so he could secure a place to live.’
    • ‘During meetings he was often a bit drunk, and afterwards in Paris I saw him come to their apartment for an advance on the travel money due him, red-eyed, with a three-day beard.’
    • ‘I've just got a good advance on a book, my first income for three months.’
    • ‘University presses still compete for many monographs, including revised dissertations, and, contrary to this belief, they pay advances for a significant number of them.’
    • ‘She received a fair advance on the books - £250,000, people say.’
    • ‘It is approaching six figures, including the advance on my new book.’
    • ‘In many cases a child is sold into slavery as a result of a labor contract that his or her parents have signed into or in exchange for a sum of money that is often described as an advance on wages.’
    • ‘As I recall, he was in a similar situation and was forced, because of the House ethics rules, to not end up accepting the advance on the book.’
    • ‘In order to help him complete the book in a more relevant time frame, his advance has been increased.’
    • ‘Can they get an advance on their pay and turn in the rent money?’
    • ‘It was the first property he owned and characteristically he bought it with borrowed money, half the purchase price coming from an advance paid by his publisher for a poem of which he hadn't yet written a line.’
    • ‘A man can lose a contract from publishers by spending their advance on finishing a book for another publisher.’
    • ‘It might entail giving an artist an advance on anticipated sales from either a forthcoming exhibition, or for works directly from the artist's studio.’
    • ‘People could gamble without panicking and planning to re-mortgage their home, or dashing out to get an advance on their paycheck from the corner money store.’
    • ‘If you receive a bonus payment, which is essentially an advance on your royalties, that will be separate property.’
    • ‘Most authors are paid an advance on royalties, but never make much, if anything, on actual royalties because the sales of the book never add up that far.’
    • ‘In return for an advance on future royalties, the IPC demanded an expansion of the territories under concession from 192 to 35,000 square miles.’
    down payment, advance against royalty, deposit, retainer, prepayment, front money, money up front
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    1. 3.1 A loan.
      ‘an advance from the bank’
      • ‘We will be running a very small deficit, much of which will be used to finance such things as, for example, student loan advances, which are an asset in terms of net debt.’
      • ‘In practice the conveyance, the creation of the mortgage and the payment over of the mortgage advance will all have to take place on the same day.’
      • ‘The relationship between those two companies was one of support in terms of loan advances, right throughout the history of that 20 year operation.’
      • ‘The report only considers further advances on existing mortgages taken out to release equity and secured personal loans.’
      • ‘Day after day, my wife and I receive unsolicited offers for credit cards, home equity loans and cash advances.’
      • ‘For smaller loans, credit unions may be happy to make advances, but only after you have built up an acceptable level of savings with the organisation.’
      • ‘It was stressed that the decision to close the agency will have no impact on terms and conditions of savings accounts, current accounts, mortgages or advances held by customers.’
      • ‘Total assets increased by $5.2 billion or 16 per cent due principally to strong growth in loans and advances.’
      • ‘Against that background, the jury ought to have been directed that, unless satisfied beyond reasonable doubt that the advances were not loans, the appellant was entitled to be acquitted.’
      • ‘The financial sector has also borrowed $437 billion of ‘other loans and advances.’’
      • ‘All other conditions to the loan advance have been, or will in the ordinary course be met.’
      • ‘Because its revenues do not cover all its costs, the utility has had to obtain working capital from short-term bank advances.’
      • ‘Whereas a standard home loan depends on your earnings, a buy-to-let advance is based on rental potential.’
      • ‘In the case of most loans to consumers, and for smaller commercial loans, the advance is usually credited forthwith to the borrower's current account and stands at his disposal at any time.’
      • ‘Disbursal of advances, particularly house and car loans, appears to have become a priority for bankers, who are now willing to reach out to public more aggressively.’
      • ‘Included in Lay's figures is a whopping $81.5 million in loan advances, which were mostly repaid in stock, and which are worth next to nothing today.’
      • ‘It was a Motion for the Senate to approve that the Minister for Finance borrow by means of advances, sums not exceeding $25 million from commercial banks.’
      • ‘The bank's loan and advances portfolio registered 42 per cent growth, reaching the level of K79.55 billion.’
      • ‘With regard to the $62,000 advance, both she and her mother are adamant that the advance was a loan to the couple to enable their purchase of the matrimonial home.’
      • ‘This enables borrowers to get 90% of their mortgage delivered as a cash advance - a major bonus when you need to splash out on land and materials.’
  • 4usually advancesAn approach made to someone, typically with the aim of initiating a sexual encounter.

    ‘women accused him of making improper advances’
    • ‘The man told a Los Angeles jury that he never made advances to the woman, 36, who once ran his West Coast office.’
    • ‘When two men pulled up in a station wagon, the girls rebuffed their sexual advances.’
    • ‘I chuckled, that was just the kind of answer Caitlyn would give me each time I tried to make an advance on her.’
    • ‘When she became 16, she declared her detestation of him and said that he had again made advances to her.’
    • ‘Gawain is visited by the lord's wife again; they exchange courtly words again all morning, Gawain parries her ever more forward advances.’
    • ‘Some of the men reportedly made indecent advances to women Navy officers staying at the same hotel.’
    • ‘They may also have the expectation that alcohol makes it easier to make sexual advances, and thus they may use alcohol intentionally for achieving such a purpose.’
    • ‘But during his trial, he claimed after he picked up the young woman she made advances to him.’
    • ‘At times, workers are exposed to sexual comments or advances on the part of a client or family member.’
    • ‘We also had retraining, if that's the word, in sexual and social behaviours because many of these people appeared, at least to us, to be deficient in making sexual advances to women.’
    • ‘Therefore, rejections of sexual advances may be seen as inappropriate and may be ignored.’
    • ‘Being such an immature age, he also succumbed to the advances of other women while he was away, which ended the marriage after just two years.’
    • ‘Dr Langton said it was against medical ethical principles for a doctor to make sexual advances towards a patient.’
    • ‘Later, however, there's a brief, uncomfortable scene where Liza goes on a date with Harvey and he rejects her sexual advances.’
    • ‘According to the report, at least eight patients alleged he made sexual advances towards them over two decades from 1969.’
    • ‘The California Fair Employment and Housing Act defines unwelcome sexual advances of an employer toward an employee of the same sex as unlawful sexual harassment.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, an alarming new survey by the University of Huddersfield has shown that more than one in five children have been the victim of unwanted sexual advances outside their home.’
    • ‘Although only 20 years old, Hope has already started making amorous advances to Cathay.’
    • ‘The pair have bonded as friends, after he snubbed her amorous advances.’
    • ‘She has also claimed to gardaí that during her time at the school, the teacher made advances to one of her friends, who managed to get away.’
    sexual approaches, overtures, moves
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  • Done, sent, or supplied beforehand.

    ‘advance notice’
    ‘advance payment’
    • ‘Did you send an advance group to take care of you once you arrive?’
    • ‘But they also have the effect of preventing the customer from getting the loan quickly, especially since the charge document has to be complete in all respects before the advance copy is sent.’
    • ‘Art theft was a serious business for Hitler: even before occupying Holland, he sent an advance team to identify the most desirable collections.’
    • ‘For those who've asked for advance notice, I'll be on the Lehrer News Hour Tuesday evening.’
    • ‘Global Volunteers does not, as a matter of course, send community hosts advance checks for supplies.’
    • ‘Britain had to give advance notice of the questions it wanted to ask.’
    • ‘These entries in the race would find advance supplies along their routes, including guaranteed petrol caches.’
    • ‘Most taxpayers who were eligible for the advance payment received a notice from the taxation office shortly before they got their check.’
    • ‘Motorists and residents will be given advance notice and more information nearer the time.’
    • ‘It will use advance passenger information supplied by airlines before their arrival ‘to screen and record individuals as they enter and leave the UK’.’
    • ‘The above paragraph, by the way, is written in a week when a leading publisher announced an advance payment of 500,000 to a previously unpublished author.’
    • ‘I could send you an advance version of the book, and you could do a review or a related article.’
    • ‘These regulations should be extended to cover all insurances with advance notice of 10 weeks minimum applying.’
    • ‘A number of advance copies were sent to the Jesuits at La Flèche, but with little result.’
    • ‘He just sent me an advance copy of the second black and white Annual.’
    • ‘Be prepared to supply the speakers' advance staff with a list of briefing attendees several days before the session.’
    • ‘Or did the author send the manuscript or advance copies to select friends and admirers with a request for some publicity?’
    • ‘He was one of the first Indian publishers to send books abroad without asking for advance payment.’
    • ‘He gave me advance notice that he was coming back to London, which he did last week - but I only found out last Sunday.’
    • ‘And obviously, with an earthquake, you do not get advance notice.’
    preliminary, leading, forward, foremost, at the fore, sent ahead, sent on ahead, first, exploratory, explorative, pilot, vanguard, test, trial
    early, previous, prior, beforehand
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  • in advance

    • Ahead in time.

      ‘you need to book weeks in advance’
      • ‘The salad can be prepared hours in advance and the champagne poured over just before serving.’
      • ‘Space for bicycles is limited on Scotrail trains, and so book a place in advance.’
      • ‘Those lucky enough to be able to book well in advance can dive at the Island of Cabrera.’
      • ‘Some free or cheap accommodation will be available to people booking in advance.’
      • ‘So popular has it proved that you have to book days in advance to be sure of getting in.’
      • ‘The fares must include two nights or a Saturday night and be booked seven days in advance.’
      • ‘Fifteen is one of the most sought after venues in the capital and is booked up months in advance.’
      • ‘You are advised to book in advance or turn up early because tickets sell-out quickly.’
      • ‘If you know what you are going to buy in advance, ring ahead to check availability.’
      • ‘A range of massage and other treatments can be booked in advance for an extra charge.’
      • ‘If booking things weeks in advance is the only way to get in, that's what we do.’
      • ‘Book a taxi home well in advance as this is the busiest time of year for taxi drivers.’
      • ‘Postal votes have been available in the town before, but voters had to apply in advance.’
      • ‘I had the impression that guest speaking gigs at Harvard were booked well in advance.’
      • ‘I said he should come and stay but warned him to make sure he booked far in advance.’
      • ‘It could take half an hour to reach this temperature, so do it well in advance.’
      • ‘The travel agent told me that there are only so many cheap seats, and you have to book well in advance to get one.’
      • ‘That'll teach us to be the only people in Dallas who bothered to book a table in advance and order a meal.’
      • ‘Owners book their dogs into the hotel in advance for anything from half a day to full-time.’
      • ‘Hardwick airfield is on private property, so you need to arrange your visit in advance.’
      beforehand, before, ahead of time, earlier, previously, in readiness
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  • in advance of

    • Ahead of in time or space; before.

      ‘we went on ahead in advance of the main group’
      • ‘Modern logic is far in advance of the logic of Aristotle and has overcome some of the limitations.’
      • ‘Ask for the report to be in your hands well in advance of the sale.’
      • ‘Swindon will make the transfer next month well in advance of the national deadline of January 1.’
      • ‘First Minister, you asked for a briefing note in advance of meetings with your ministerial team.’
      • ‘Several practice sessions will run in advance of two qualifying sessions to set the grid for the first two races.’
      • ‘According to Football League rules, a club has to apply some four weeks in advance of the fixture to change its date.’
      • ‘Please note all items should be sent well in advance of date of publication.’
      • ‘There have been a string of similar stories that have exploded in advance of honours proclamations in recent years.’
      • ‘In relation to the latter, it was decided to complete all developments in advance of the opening.’
      • ‘A party was held at the home yesterday in advance of her birthday, and her family were taking her out for dinner tonight.’
      • ‘One of her cheap tricks is to bring out your review two weeks in advance of publication.’
      • ‘This evening I'm off to the final dress rehearsal in advance of tomorrows grand finale.’
      • ‘However, he confirmed that negotiations in advance of May 21's crunch vote had taken place.’
      • ‘Now, if you feel strongly enough about it, you can be in advance of trends once you have your own home and responsibility for it.’
      • ‘We would use the current weakness to build a position in advance of a recovery in passenger numbers in 2006.’
      • ‘Volunteers have then been given the necessary training to use the machines in advance of an ambulance arriving.’
      • ‘Try to start making childcare arrangements well in advance of when you need them.’
      • ‘The album will be on sale at the gig, with a limited edition CD cover in advance of the real packaging early next year.’
      • ‘It will also ease existing legal barriers to a newspaper apologising in advance of legal action.’
      • ‘The effect, however, is often to gag councillors from speaking out in advance of a planning committee.’
      before, until, till, up to, previous to, earlier than, preceding, leading up to, in advance of, ahead of, ante-, pre-
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Middle English: from Old French avance (noun), avancer (verb), from late Latin abante ‘in front’, from ab ‘from’ + ante ‘before’. The initial a- was erroneously assimilated to ad- in the 16th century.