Definition of adobe in US English:

adobe

noun

  • 1A kind of clay used as a building material, typically in the form of sun-dried bricks.

    as modifier ‘adobe houses’
    • ‘Substituting adobe clay for cement is one option for a more sustainable approach.’
    • ‘Most of the homes of poor rural people are made of local materials, with floors of packed earth, walls of adobe or wattle and daub, and roofs of clay tiles or thatch.’
    • ‘The wrap begins with a dry brush massage before a layer of adobe clay is applied to the entire body.’
    • ‘Most notably, the Pueblo Indians in the Southwest used adobe masonry to moderate weather extremes and keep their homes comfortable.’
    • ‘Southwestern style homes favor stucco or adobe exteriors and orange or red tile roofs.’
    • ‘Most people live in adobe houses with thatched roofs.’
    • ‘To prevent the clay from becoming adobe brick, she dug in 15 tons of sand, 14 truckloads of composted manure, and 25 large bales of peat moss.’
    • ‘In mountain villages some houses have adobe walls and thatched roofs.’
    • ‘The spectacular traditional-style adobe building is wonderfully remote and romantic.’
    • ‘In rural areas of Latin America, adobe houses with thatched roofs are fixtures of the landscape.’
    • ‘Traditional architectural styles are found in the rural communities, with variously shaped adobe houses with thatched roofs.’
    • ‘Derek and I joined this workshop and quickly learned much about the methods and benefits of adobe building.’
    • ‘They moved silently to the edge of the camp, then slowly made their way behind several mud and adobe buildings.’
    • ‘The primary building material was large adobe brick, and huge pyramids towered above the city.’
    • ‘The earthen plaster-covered adobe walls are thick enough to include built-in book-shelves, creating a small library alcove behind the kitchen.’
    • ‘Wild West history abounds in Mesilla, where adobe buildings dating to the 1800s are still in use as shops and galleries.’
    • ‘Drake led Parker in between two adobe buildings.’
    • ‘It consists of flat-roofed adobe buildings, portions of which are thought to be among the oldest structures in North America.’
    • ‘There are palm trees and cobbled roundabouts and beautiful old adobe buildings.’
    • ‘Tombstone, an easy day trip from Tucson, does however offer one vision of Arizona's pioneer days: clapboard and adobe buildings, and, of course, re-enacted gunfights.’
    1. 1.1 A brick formed from adobe.
      • ‘Stucco over adobe and rock are common materials.’
      • ‘Prehistoric tribes experimented with the first sun-dried bricks or adobe, mixing mud with straw into manageable building blocks.’
      • ‘‘This is not beautiful, you [the Nissei and third-generation, Sansei] say / This is not what we came for. / But who knows this better/than your grandfather/who spent the years/of his internment/sealed in the adobes / at Leuppe in Arizona’.’
      • ‘If I ever build a house I will use a combination of straw bales and the adobe techniques we learned from Jon Jandai.’
      • ‘By the time we started laying the adobe, it was mid-May and over 100 degrees every day.’
      • ‘Like conventional bricks, adobes are laid in a running bond - an overlapping pattern - then mortared in place with adobe mud.’
      • ‘The former map traces architecture, articulated with sources of building materials, ranging from adobe to varied stones.’
      • ‘When paint can get into the adobe, then it hardens in there, and it makes it cling better than anything.’
      • ‘He's also introduced straw-clay bricks that can be used like lightweight adobes.’
      • ‘That is not to say that it is impossible to make a good adobe without straw, but speaks of the long-standing relationship between the two materials that is as old as anyone can remember.’
    2. 1.2US A building constructed from adobe clay or bricks.
      • ‘But the predominance and thickness of the sheltering walls recalls the adobe.’
      • ‘The market is strong, with recently built adobes starting at around $180,000.’
      • ‘Barry and Letty Coleman's Tucson adobe successfully combines traditional building materials and modern design.’
      • ‘Carol Decker puts a finger to her lips and looks beyond the adobe ruins to the sprawling expanse of flat brush-covered open ground.’
      • ‘He walked into the adobe, where a small fire was burning under a skillet of food.’
      • ‘Eastern senators extolled the peace while Senor Villa descended on the tents & adobes of the 13th Cavalry, Columbus, New Mexico’
      • ‘Stroll the main drag, Third Street, past restaurants and shops selling gifts and antiques, all housed in old adobes and low, false-fronted wood buildings.’

Origin

Mid 18th century: from Spanish, from adobar ‘to plaster’, from Arabic aṭ-ṭūb, from al ‘the’ + ṭūb ‘bricks’.

Pronunciation

adobe

/əˈdōbē//əˈdoʊbi/