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1(of a cell or its contents) readily stained with acid dyes.
- ‘Methylene blue stains basophilic constituents of the tissue, whereas erythrocin stains the acidophilic elements.’
- ‘The tumor cells had elongated blunt-ended nuclei and acidophilic fibrillary cytoplasm.’
- ‘Histologically the tumor cells closely resemble normal hepatocytes, although the cytoplasm may be more acidophilic or hydropic than in those cells in the surrounding liver.’
- ‘The cytoplasm is predominantly acidophilic with some residual basophilia.’
- ‘When eosin is used as a tissue stain, the acidophilic structures are sometimes referred to as eosinophilic.’
2(of a microorganism or plant) growing best in acidic conditions.
- ‘The conditions at Champagne Pool are ideal for thermophilic, mildly acidophilic archaeans such as the Sulfobales and Thermoproteales.’
- ‘The Adiantum venustum needs to be grown in a specific soil for acidophilic plants, soft and with an average drainage.’
- ‘The site is rich in acidophilic species, particularly pteridophytes and bryophytes, and contains a number of regionally rare taxa.’
- ‘The benefits of liming catchments have also been questioned on conservation grounds as some naturally acidophilic plant communities would be damaged.’
- ‘The cooperatives, undisputed market leaders in the production of acidophilic plants for garden centres, cannot give up on a policy of research.’
Early 20th century: from acid + -philic (see -philia).
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