Definition of Achaemenid in US English:


(also Achaemenian)


  • Relating to the dynasty ruling in Persia from Cyrus I to Darius III (553–330 BC).

    • ‘The Ashokan monuments have affinities not with Achaemenid art but with Mesopotamia and carry on the tradition of the realistic treatment of the Indus seals, the hall at Mohenjo Daro and the high polish of Harappan jewellery.’
    • ‘At Persepolis is a taste of what life was like in 512BC when Darius the Great ruled the Achaemenian empire, which stretched to the Aegean coast near Turkey in the west and to the Indian subcontinent in the east.’
    • ‘A pilgrim, Cyrus, said that it was an honour to be named after a humanitarian Achaemenian king like Cyrus who allowed his subjects to practise their own religion.’
    • ‘His publications have concentrated on the Achaemenid and Hellenistic periods of Egyptian history and he is a regular reviewer on historical and literary themes for the Times Literary Supplement.’
    • ‘The Persian king Cyrus the Great overran the Medes in the mid 6th century bc, although they remained ruling partners in the Achaemenid empire he set up.’
    • ‘Then he clears his throat ostentatiously and launches into his lecture on the Achaemenian dynasty, rulers of the Persian empire five centuries before Christ.’
    • ‘The magnificent remains of Persepolis provide a glimpse of Achaemenid wealth and power.’
    • ‘There's no entirely convincing evidence that the changes in Judaism were connected directly either to Zoroastrianism or the Achaemenid religion that has certain elements common with Zoroastrianism.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, these nations will cooperate on the preservation of relics of the Achaemenid dynasty.’
    • ‘Alexander the Great absorbed into his empire all of the territories in the Neo-Babylonian, Median, and Achaemenid Empires, but the Roman Empire came nowhere close to doing so.’
    • ‘He was loath to reaffirm the traditional Achaemenid claims to the Indus lands.’
    • ‘This has been true since Achaemenid times, as a visit to the ruins of their capital, Persepolis, will attest.’
    • ‘According to some Babylonian works, Achaemenian kings sat in the veranda of their palace during Norooz celebrations receiving representatives of different states who offered their precious gifts to the kings.’
    • ‘Cyrus's Achaemenian dynasty also allowed local kings and nobles to govern their original realms, albeit under Persian suzerainty.’
    • ‘In ancient times, present-day Tajikistan was a part of the empire of the Achaemenian Persians.’
    • ‘Greek writers who reported on Persia knew of the first residence of Cyrus at Pasargadae, of Susa as the principal seat of subsequent Achaemenid,/em> rulers, and also of royal residences at Ecbatana and Babylon.’
    • ‘He manages to cover the Achaemenid period in just a hundred pages, before going on to look at other ancient Persias: the Parthians who fought against the Romans, and the Sasanians who fought against the Byzantines.’
    • ‘As for Persepolis, a capital built by the Achaemenian dynasty for the purpose of entertaining vassal nations and accepting their tribute, one wonders how Alexander the Great even found the place, let alone conquered it.’
    • ‘Early records of trade and access to India through this outpost is found in records of the period before 530 B.C., when the Achaemenid emperor of Persia, Cyrus, crossed the Hindukush mountains.’
    • ‘Intended by the Achaemenid emperor Darius I to be his grand capital, Persepolis was torched by Alexander the Great in 331 B.C. before it was even completed.’


  • A member of the Achaemenid dynasty.

    • ‘By far the most famous site under threat is Pasargadae, ancient capital of the Achaemenids in the sixth century BC and residence of Cyrus the Great, which was registered on Unesco's World Heritage List last July.’
    • ‘The first calendar was located in inscriptions at Persepolis, an ancient Persian city located near the present city of Shiraz that was the symbolic capital of the Achaemenids.’
    • ‘In the 5th century bc Herodotus noted that the Achaemenids would make important decisions in a drunken state, then confirm these decisions when sober, and vice versa.’
    • ‘Stone staircases, terraces, fire temples and pavilions covering 12 hectares are evidence of the Achaemenians ' achievements.’
    • ‘However, tensions between the Achaemenids and the Greeks were always in the background, and erupted into several key battles: Darius was defeated by the Greeks at Marathon in 490 bc and the same fate befell Xerxes ten years later.’


From Greek Akhaimenēs ‘Achaemenes’ (the reputed ancestor of the dynasty) + -id.