Definition of abuse in English:

abuse

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Use (something) to bad effect or for a bad purpose; misuse.

    ‘the judge abused his power by imposing the fines’
    • ‘Last year in Parliament, Labor's Craig Emerson accused insurance companies of abusing their market power over small smash repairers.’
    • ‘He abstains from abusing his position for power or personal gain and strongly believes in the virtue of honesty, justice, and love of truth.’
    • ‘The list itself was prefaced with the following insight: ‘Leaders with absolute power too often abuse it.’’
    • ‘Too many franchisors are able to abuse their market power and contractual obligations without any effective sanction under the current law.’
    • ‘By abusing people's willingness to respond to emergencies, you make them less likely to respond to them at all.’
    • ‘The judge said Vetch had abused the trust of those who had given him a free hand to run their financial affairs.’
    • ‘That does not make sense, that is not logical, and the judge has abused his powers.’
    • ‘Give people a little bit of power and they will abuse it.’
    • ‘Because of their unlimited power, some consuls abused their authority.’
    • ‘It's ghastly when people in positions of power abuse their privilege.’
    • ‘Murphy said the judge had not abused the legal process, but should not have dealt with the case in the way he did.’
    • ‘In the election of 2000, the party in effect abused the judicial power to seize the presidency for itself, and this time the attempt succeeded.’
    • ‘Why shouldn't he when the judge was so obviously abusing his authority?’
    • ‘Parents are abusing the new guidelines to save money on childminding.’
    • ‘Today, we understand that the era of political ignorance is over and that those in power who abuse their authority can be challenged and held liable in a court of law.’
    • ‘He has grossly misused his position and abused his authority.’
    • ‘Being a police officer does not mean you can abuse the power given to you.’
    • ‘Before taking his own life, the gunman wrote that the judge had abused her judicial power in dismissing his medical malpractice case.’
    • ‘He is already facing impeachment over claims that he misused public money and abused his office since coming to power a year ago.’
    • ‘He abused his position of power to engage in a 3-year affair with a married woman, possibly having a baby with her.’
    misuse, misapply, misemploy, mishandle
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    1. 1.1Make excessive and habitual use of (alcohol or drugs, especially illegal ones)
      • ‘They are more likely than anorexics to abuse drugs and alcohol or have problems with the law.’
      • ‘Donna, who has been working with Castleton teenagers, told Castleton community forum that youths would be less likely to abuse drugs or alcohol if they had a shelter.’
      • ‘Maureen denied ever using illicit drugs or abusing alcohol.’
      • ‘She was working as a prostitute by age 15, and began abusing alcohol and drugs.’
      • ‘Bulimics tend to be impulsive and more apt to abuse alcohol and drugs than average.’
      • ‘Future research will need to include greater numbers of individuals who abuse drugs other than alcohol.’
      • ‘I overdosed on both prescription and over-the-counter drugs, abused alcohol and ruined my liver, and can't tolerate any drugs now.’
      • ‘It is alleged that she has continued to abuse alcohol and drugs.’
      • ‘Most youngsters abuse drugs and alcohol because they are bored or for kicks and don't realise it until they are addicted.’
      • ‘If we can get our kids to age 21 without smoking or using illegal drugs or abusing alcohol, they're almost certain to be home free.’
      • ‘A Columbia University survey shows teenage girls who date boys two or more years older are much likely to abuse drugs or alcohol.’
      • ‘Most had personality disorders or had abused drugs or alcohol.’
      • ‘Finally, an applicant should not abuse drugs or alcohol.’
      • ‘The two most commonly abused drugs were amphetamine and heroin; very few offenders mentioned other drugs.’
      • ‘People who as toddlers learn secure emotional attachment due to good parenting don't feel the need to abuse drugs or alcohol.’
      • ‘If you have family members who abuse drugs or alcohol, you're at higher risk of the same problem.’
      • ‘Given where his life appeared to be headed, Henderson isn't sure whether it's more remarkable that he stopped abusing alcohol and drugs or won the lottery.’
      • ‘In college I abused alcohol, marijuana, cocaine and other drugs socially, at parties.’
      • ‘Now lets be quite clear on this, I think employers have a right to be protected from employees who abuse drugs and alcohol and who are unable to carry out their job properly.’
      • ‘Patients who abuse alcohol and drugs are much more likely to develop medical problems than the general population.’
  • 2Treat (a person or an animal) with cruelty or violence, especially regularly or repeatedly.

    ‘riders who abuse their horses should be prosecuted’
    • ‘She was charged with stealing two dogs after she had repeatedly complained that the dogs were being abused.’
    • ‘We believe that wasn't sufficient, that if people were in a situation where they were at risk of violence, or being abused, that they needed immediate help.’
    • ‘The two girls were torn away from their family not because their parents abused them or did not love them but because they were simply deemed too ‘stupid’ to care for them.’
    • ‘Traditional circuses like the Shriner's have come under fire in recent years for exploiting and abusing animals.’
    • ‘I saw children who had been repeatedly abused by loved ones or people in authority.’
    • ‘During 10 months of detention in Syria, Arar was repeatedly abused and tortured.’
    • ‘The foundation has also helped a man, who has been regularly physically abused by his wife.’
    • ‘Asylum seekers can be incarcerated for years, treated like criminals and abused by staff, resulting in systematic health problems.’
    • ‘In many ways, a more dignified end than being forced to live as a vegetable in an old-people's home, ill-treated and abused by some uncouth attendant.’
    • ‘Detecting these injuries is important as up to 30% of children who are repeatedly abused die.’
    • ‘After being repeatedly abused, the boy escapes, but something inside him is damaged for life.’
    • ‘Home should be a safe place but some children are forced to watch their mother or father being regularly physically or verbally abused.’
    • ‘Does Claire Baron not realise that a large percentage of the animals under their care have been abused or cruelly treated?’
    • ‘He believes he will be abused and mistreated if returned to his war-torn country.’
    • ‘Hervey herself owns another 50 cats, many of which are injured or have been abused.’
    • ‘He deems all owners and jockeys to be bullies who ‘send injured horses to race and be abused by jockeys with whips.’’
    • ‘Married off at 11 and repeatedly abused by her husband, she fought against the officially outlawed caste system, becoming a folk hero to many and a menace to others.’
    • ‘The Rovers' barmaid is being emotionally abused in scenes that are repeated behind closed doors in homes in Greater Manchester and across the country.’
    • ‘And many had themselves been the victims of violence: abused by parents, raped by boyfriends, assaulted on the street.’
    • ‘His difference makes him a victim, repeatedly abused and cheated.’
    mistreat, maltreat, ill-treat, treat badly, ill-use, misuse
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    1. 2.1Assault (someone, especially a woman or child) sexually.
      ‘he was a depraved man who had abused his two young daughters’
      ‘abused children’
      • ‘In responding to my question about the men in her life she let me know, quietly, that her father had sexually abused her as a child.’
      • ‘Until recently, it was assumed that women rarely sexually abused children, but studies now acknowledge the existence of female perpetrators.’
      • ‘She said he pointed the axe out to her in the bedroom and threatened to chop her head off and kill her three-year-old daughter Amy after first sexually abusing her.’
      • ‘Vicky was seven when her father began sexually abusing her.’
      • ‘In a note, she also said she was sexually abused.’
      • ‘One case being investigated involves a prepubescent girl who is being held prisoner in a room and repeatedly abused.’
      • ‘Both boys and girls are sexually abused, and it can happen to very young children - even babies - as well as older ones.’
      • ‘A jury was today set to start considering whether a retired senior magistrate from North Yorkshire is guilty of repeatedly sexually abusing a young girl more than 20 years ago.’
      • ‘When a boy is sexually abused he suffers an assault on his body, his developing personality and on his manhood.’
      • ‘What induces perpetrators from all walks of life to sexually abuse young children, even infants, often with appalling violence?’
      • ‘My theory is that he may have been sexually abusing her.’
      • ‘A council worker is facing prison after being convicted of sexually abusing a young girl 30 years ago.’
      • ‘He befriended the family of the girl, now aged nine, before systematically sexually abusing her over a three-year period from when she was aged about six up until two weeks before his arrest last November.’
      • ‘A pensioner who sexually abused young girls has walked free from court - because he is too old and frail to go to jail.’
      • ‘Now in her 30s, between the ages of 9 and 18, Samantha was repeatedly sexually abused by her stepfather.’
      • ‘Yes, it's a fact that far more men than women sexually abuse children.’
      • ‘A man who sexually abused a young girl was today starting three years in jail.’
      • ‘She was sexually abused as a child, she only completed grade 9, and she contracted Hepatitis C apparently while in detention.’
      • ‘A company director who sexually abused a young girl for six years has been jailed for two-and-a-half years.’
      • ‘Reports accused the soldiers of sexually abusing her.’
    2. 2.2euphemistic Masturbate.
    3. 2.3Use or treat in such a way as to cause damage or harm.
      ‘he had been abusing his body for years’
      • ‘A damaged individual with a history of abusing himself and others.’
      • ‘It is the most abused and neglected part of your body.’
      • ‘This was because it had been repeatedly abused - the plastic inner doors had been kicked out of line.’
      • ‘Maybe it's because I've suddenly realised that I've abused my tired old body far more than was good for it - and me.’
      • ‘If a woman is abusing her body during pregnancy, she is also abusing a distinct human being who exists inside of her and that human being has the same right as she not to be abused by another person.’
      • ‘The size of my body is proof that it's being abused.’
      • ‘The bible says that the body is sacred and cannot be abused.’
  • 3Speak in an insulting and offensive way to or about (someone)

    ‘the referee was abused by players from both teams’
    • ‘‘One mental health nurse had been regularly abused and then started getting death threats,’ she said.’
    • ‘We were still going along quite well, but he was just verbally abusing me.’
    • ‘And in the tunnel after the game he sent off the Millwall goalkeeper for abusing him.’
    • ‘I do all the housework; I practically serve you while you lie around and insult and abuse me.’
    • ‘As an American family living here, we have been repeatedly verbally abused.’
    • ‘I can understand the ref calling it off because he was abused.’
    • ‘‘I have been verbally abused, spat on and threatened with violence on countless occasions,’ he says.’
    • ‘Apparently these three people were out shopping in Toys ‘R’ Us and were verbally abused and threatened with violence by members of staff.’
    • ‘That is why I left the group because people were always trying to disrespect and abuse me.’
    • ‘But he started throwing around exercise books and verbally abusing me.’
    • ‘It was great, except when it rained - or when we were abused by people in pubs.’
    • ‘No sooner was he ensconced than he was verbally abused by an irate customer who had taken umbrage because he (our reader) was not wearing socks.’
    • ‘Or Colin Montgomerie, for that matter, who is still seeking a major tournament, and has spoken about quitting the United States, because the crowds there keep abusing him.’
    • ‘You spent most of your email abusing me for claiming that the share price would go down if shareholders did not endorse the shift to the US.’
    • ‘A shopkeeper who has been punched in the face and repeatedly racially abused by a teenage gang, fears that his family could be the next to suffer.’
    • ‘Women have been regularly verbally abused and even had stones thrown at them.’
    • ‘Yet, when I confronted Mr Y with my realisations, he for some reason also took offence, abused me verbally, and also tried to do the same physically.’
    • ‘Their sole purpose in being at the Old Head is to disrupt our business by intimidating, insulting and abusing our guests who come from all over the world.’
    • ‘Even for the game against Dubnica last week, there were only about 1,000 fans and some of them were abusing us.’
    • ‘But in the post-match press conference, he accused Inter's players of verbally abusing him.’
    insult, be rude to, swear at, curse, call someone names, taunt, shout at, scold, rebuke, upbraid, reprove, castigate, inveigh against, impugn, slur, revile, smear, vilify, vituperate against, slander, libel, cast aspersions on, offend, slight, disparage, denigrate, defame
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noun

  • 1The improper use of something.

    ‘alcohol abuse’
    [count noun] ‘an abuse of public funds’
    • ‘Whilst it is never pleasant, it is part of the price you pay for freedom of speech (although I would argue it is an abuse of that right).’
    • ‘In a letter to the committee, Mr Sherlock, who was not represented and did not attend, accepted that his behaviour was an abuse of trust and conduct unbecoming of a pharmacist.’
    • ‘The move to introduce a penalty charge could be regarded as an abuse of their dominant position.’
    • ‘This was, of course, an abuse of the disciplinary process, but it has been done many times before, without attracting attention, and amounts to little more than a breach of etiquette.’
    • ‘To suggest going back to the LRC for a third time is really an abuse of a system that is already overloaded.’
    • ‘It was not an abuse of his professional position, the GMC decided, to contact the unit, meet Mr Gardner and voice his concerns, or make the allegations at a time when he was suspended.’
    • ‘That to me is an abuse of the overall parking system at Grattan Square and is one that needs to be clamped down on by the wardens in a vigorous and uncompromising way.’
    • ‘Counsel for the defence argued that it would be an abuse of process for the trial to go ahead, and one of its arguments was that jurors might discover the article on the Internet, and be severely prejudiced.’
    • ‘He goes on to say that those who voted for this government never dreamt that they would countenance such an abuse of democracy.’
    • ‘Pensioner Ann Quinlan, who lives at St Brendan's Terrace, described the situation as an abuse of civil rights.’
    • ‘He said this was an abuse of public monies and the fact there was no contribution from the business community was ‘grossly unfair.’’
    • ‘Without a detailed breakdown on how much was spent by each minister and official it is impossible to establish is there was an abuse of the system.’
    • ‘As far as I'm concerned, you have to look at the circumstances to make a determination whether or not there's been an abuse of that privilege.’
    • ‘He claimed the action ‘flew in the face’ of public tendering procedures set out by the Government, and was an abuse of public funds.’
    • ‘This is clearly an abuse of the public airwaves, and I hope Americans rise up against these stations and take some action to stop this.’
    • ‘That is totally unacceptable and an abuse of science.’
    • ‘It is an abuse of the system, but life is like that.’
    • ‘This is, as I like to point out, an abuse of history.’
    • ‘He admitted the affair but denied allegations that it was ‘inappropriate and an abuse of the doctor-patient relationship’.’
    • ‘This silence was not simply an abuse of her trust.’
    misuse, misapplication, misemployment, mishandling
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    1. 1.1Unjust or corrupt practice.
      ‘protection against fraud and abuse’
      [count noun] ‘human rights abuses’
      • ‘This is all the more surprising considering his brutality, corruption and human rights abuses were virtually unparalleled.’
      • ‘Although large by German standards of the time, Leipzig was still small enough for rumors of corruption and abuse to spread rapidly.’
      • ‘Surely we have to crack down on corruption and abuse, and eliminate idiocies like the direct advertising of prescription drugs to consumers.’
      • ‘The report points out that many doctors are engaging in such practices despite a well-publicized crackdown on insurance fraud and abuse.’
      • ‘There is a lot of abuse, robbery, corruption, crime and theft of our wealth.’
      • ‘While challenging systems of abuse and corruption, community and national leaders only counter with… more systems.’
      • ‘He was Russia's most renowned investigative reporter, specializing in abuse and corruption by a system that could produce little else.’
      • ‘The massive corporate wave of crime, fraud and abuse rolls on, is undeterred by regular exposes in the business media itself.’
      • ‘It enforces rules intended to reduce fraud and abuse.’
      • ‘Despite this, it has pledged to push on with the idea, saying it will still ‘help’ in situations where fraud and identity abuse are factors.’
      • ‘Because as a federal civil servant, if you're witnessing abuse and corruption, particularly in the White House, where do you go?’
      • ‘Does it have a multi-faceted approach, including training, to fight fraud and abuse?’
      • ‘Despite the allegations of abuse, corruption, and the indictments of several officers in the unit, many credit it with keeping a lid on gang violence.’
      • ‘Of course, to prevent abuse and corrupt practices, lobbying activities should be carefully regulated, monitored and made transparent.’
      • ‘Benefit abuse and fraud are unacceptable and will not be tolerated.’
      • ‘In working with investigators, device companies should ensure that their actions are consistent with laws intended to combat fraud and abuse.’
      • ‘He's trying to reform a system that he inherited, which is riddled with centers of interest and some corruption and abuse.’
      • ‘The largest reason why women do not name the fathers of their children is not that they do not know who they are - they do - but that welfare fraud and welfare abuse is going on.’
      • ‘Most of our uncorrupt political leaders were murdered and for many Colombians the word politician is now a synonym for corruption and abuse.’
      • ‘The poet in him meant that he would be able to turn out a satire in an age of corruption and abuse, but the self-promoter in him kept him busy as a letter-writer eager to please the burgesses of Hull.’
  • 2Cruel and violent treatment of a person or animal.

    ‘a black eye and other signs of physical abuse’
    • ‘And house-training of pets is of course not ‘natural’, but surely nobody would argue that it was tantamount to animal cruelty and abuse?’
    • ‘She was held overnight for interrogation, denied food and drink, and subjected to physical abuse.’
    • ‘Terrible stories of murder, abuse, violence, and trauma in the name of ragging have been reported from educational institutions all over the country once again.’
    • ‘People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals claims the incident highlights animal abuse by Australian farmers.’
    • ‘Could it be that we oppress and kill each other so readily because our abuse and slaughter of animals has desensitized us to the suffering and death of others?’
    • ‘A pilot study by the police force and the SSPCA in 2000 identified for the first time clear links between animal cruelty and domestic abuse.’
    • ‘Trauma, abuse, neglect, violence - all these things can turn a simple child into an angry, ill-tempered, malign adult.’
    • ‘Ministers say the law, which updates existing legislation, is needed to protect animals from abuse.’
    • ‘Jake would have recognized the signs of physical abuse.’
    • ‘They stress that during that time they were never subjected to abuse or violence, even in the darkest days of the conflict.’
    • ‘At worst, Spencer resorted to cruel and violent physical abuse.’
    • ‘A huge volume of research exists, which shows a strong correlation between substantial animal abuse in childhood and later personal violence to humans.’
    • ‘In West Yorkshire and Craven last year more than 6,000 complaints were investigated with 82 prosecutions for animal abuse and neglect.’
    • ‘Does witnessing animal abuse ever become routine?’
    • ‘Last year a training programme was established in the state of Nevada to teach hairdressers to spot the signs of physical abuse and to ask the appropriate questions.’
    • ‘Although he had seen no signs of physical abuse, the entire industry disgusted him.’
    • ‘Those of us who have spent many years in animal welfare work have often come to see the worst of animal cruelty, abuse and neglect.’
    • ‘It is committed to peaceful campaigns against all forms of animal abuse and promotes a cruelty-free lifestyle.’
    • ‘She was revolted at all animal exploitation and abuse.’
    • ‘She looked fit and healthy, she showed no signs of any physical abuse, and she was outwardly happy.’
    mistreatment, maltreatment, ill treatment, ill use, misuse
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    1. 2.1Violent treatment involving sexual assault, especially on a repeated basis.
      ‘young people who have suffered sexual abuse’
      • ‘There are already plenty of laws against actual rape, assault and child sexual abuse.’
      • ‘She was being treated for post traumatic stress disorder by the doctor after suffering sexual abuse.’
      • ‘He was convicted of 15 charges - some of them specimen offences - of indecent assault and more serious sexual abuse.’
      • ‘And ‘gay men were six times more likely to suffer adult sexual abuse or rape’’
      • ‘More young women are becoming victims of sexual abuse and assault each day.’
      • ‘Sexual abuse or assault is experienced by more than two in five women and almost three out of 10 men, the report said.’
      • ‘The rest of the participants reported no history of sexual abuse or assault.’
      • ‘A NEW Sexual Assault Treatment Unit to treat victims of rape and sexual abuse, should be open at Waterford Regional Hospital by late June.’
      • ‘I also knew my military exemption was due to expire, and I would be forced to join the army, where gay conscripts suffer violent and sexual abuse.’
      • ‘The allegations of child sexual abuse and molestation ruined the lives of some teachers, who were wrongfully accused.’
      • ‘Behaviour like assault, sexual abuse, and rape.’
      • ‘The centre provides an invaluable service in Sligo, offering a safe, confidential space for survivors of child sexual abuse, rape and sexual assault.’
      • ‘He suffered sexual abuse until he was 11, then when he was 13 he discovered the person he had called dad all his life was no blood relation.’
      • ‘It is clearly important to protect children against sexual abuse and molestation and to help them develop skills to avoid dangerous situations.’
      • ‘This programme contrasts the county's enthusiasm for a conservation project in Tasmania with how it reacts to subjects such as domestic violence, assault and sexual abuse.’
      • ‘The Sligo Rape Crisis Centre know this better than most and have striven to provide a sensitive and accommodating service to those who have suffered rape or sexual abuse.’
      • ‘The play draws a connection between this shame and cultural silence about rape and sexual abuse.’
      • ‘The centre was founded back in 1984 at a time when there was great resistance in society to the fact that rape and sexual abuse were a reality for many.’
      • ‘The community has a role in terms of prevention of sexual abuse and assault.’
      • ‘Counselling is available to any male or female, aged 12 or over, who has experienced rape or sexual abuse at any time in their lives.’
  • 3Insulting and offensive language.

    ‘waving his fists and hurling abuse at the driver’
    • ‘As a driver you suffer verbal abuse on a regular basis from drunks, druggies and even schoolchildren.’
    • ‘Sometimes it will be a term of endearment, sometimes a term of abuse.’
    • ‘My use of ‘Yanks’ recently triggered a barrage of criticism from readers suggesting the word was a term of abuse.’
    • ‘Yobs have thrown eggs and stones at the new library in Brewery Street while hurling abuse at readers.’
    • ‘There are no prizes for guessing what value he places on each: bourgeois is always a term of abuse, revolutionary almost always a term of approbation.’
    • ‘These complaints were not the normal tirade of abuse and insults we receive but seemed genuine.’
    • ‘Monday night's meeting was dominated by members hurling abuse at the directors, including climbing on stage in an effort to shout them down.’
    • ‘In 1992 he was prosecuted by the council in the magistrates court after hurling abuse at a member of the public.’
    • ‘They had long used ‘star quality’ as a term of abuse.’
    • ‘We tend to forget pop itself was once a term of abuse and these worthies were as close to the cutting edge as it was possible to get.’
    • ‘The incident happened at about 2.35 am when a group of drunks began hurling abuse at a handful of firefighters.’
    • ‘If somebody's hurling abuse at you, it may be better to just walk away from the situation.’
    • ‘A group of 20 teenagers went on a Halloween rampage in Hockley, smashing windows, tearing down fences and hurling abuse at homeowners.’
    • ‘Now imagine all these fans hurling abuse at you.’
    • ‘The sight of grown men hurling abuse at someone who had voluntarily given up a Saturday morning to referee a kids match is truly disheartening for everyone involved.’
    • ‘Two weeks ago, we reported how hordes of rowdy teenagers were congregating in the library entrance hall, causing mayhem and hurling abuse at users.’
    • ‘It went okay but as soon as I said I had to go he began hurling abuse at me.’
    • ‘An alcoholic veterinary surgeon from Yorkshire who turned up to work drunk and hurled abuse at animal lovers will now hear his fate in the New Year.’
    • ‘The word ‘liberal’ was confirmed as a term of abuse.’
    • ‘Since then, we have regularly been subjected to abuse and threats have been made to kill us.’
    insults, curses, jibes, slurs, expletives, swear words
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Origin

Late Middle English: via Old French from Latin abus- misused from the verb abuti, from ab- away (i.e., wrongly) + uti to use.