Definition of absence in English:

absence

noun

  • 1The state of being away from a place or person.

    ‘the letter had arrived during his absence’
    ‘I supervised the rehearsal in the absence of the director’
    • ‘Some more of the team had arrived during our absence, and looked at the pictures of the party.’
    • ‘Yet in a play that explores spiritual emptiness, the sense of absence is strangely appropriate.’
    • ‘He later admitted in a press conference yesterday that his absence was intentional.’
    • ‘He explains his absence from school by saying he is on a part-time timetable.’
    • ‘It was only when undertakers called at the hospital to collect the baby that his absence was discovered.’
    • ‘She had been in New York for the past few weeks and knew little of the scheming that was going on in her absence.’
    • ‘Some of them had not been seen for months, if not years, and one in ten staff was unavailable because of absence.’
    • ‘Downsizing produced an increased risk of sickness absence, in line with earlier findings.’
    • ‘In my father's absence he likes to visit my mother, most of the time for no reason.’
    • ‘It alerts the employee's manager and supplies statistics about absence to the council.’
    • ‘Since then, the earl had seen people dying in the great plague, the clergy conspicuous by its absence.’
    • ‘Almost half were with their parents, who made some excuses for their absence.’
    • ‘That night she climbed into bed just as conscious of Will's absence now as she had been the night after he died.’
    • ‘He explained his absence by telling all concerned he was going into hospital for three weeks for an operation.’
    • ‘The jury was sent home until Monday after being told legal submissions will be made in their absence today.’
    • ‘Why is it that we can only appreciate what we have when we experience its absence?’
    • ‘On Wednesday night, there was a clear demonstration of the effect that absence has on colleagues.’
    • ‘So as the programme drew to a close his absence was felt more than ever before.’
    • ‘However, in her absence, I'll just have to make do with thinking about it myself.’
    • ‘Whether this was discussed or not in his absence, was unclear till late in the evening.’
    non-attendance, non-appearance, absenteeism
    failing, in default of, lacking, wanting, notwithstanding, without
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 An occasion or period of being away from a place or person.
      ‘repeated absences from school’
      • ‘It revealed more than 60 per cent of firms experienced absences last year due to stress at work.’
      • ‘All council staff know that the majority of absences are left uncovered.’
      • ‘Wouldn't the employer want to suffer one day of not having an employee than having the potential of multiple absences in one day?’
      • ‘The following year I implemented this regime and the absences reduced to two days in a whole year.’
      • ‘She had completed freshman year, and only had to make up a couple of courses over the summer to makeup her absences.’
      • ‘The under-17 age squad was badly affected by holidays and absences but still turned in some great performances.’
      • ‘Headteacher Gillian James said the protest was good-natured but warned that future absences would be punished.’
      • ‘You should keep records of absences and introduce a trigger mechanism that alerts you to look into regular absenteeism and the reasons for it.’
      • ‘All school absences should be explained in writing to your child's teacher.’
      • ‘Anderson's absences caused by knee problems down through the years have not proved the handicaps they could have been.’
      • ‘With people keen to enjoy the heat, the number of unauthorised absences from work were reported to be high.’
      • ‘He added that his school had already greatly reduced the numbers of unauthorised absences to well below the national average.’
      • ‘The only thing that ever gets him down is prolonged absences from three-year-old daughter Zoe, who still lives in Holland.’
      • ‘In 2001 teachers in Doncaster and London refused to cover for absences any longer than three days.’
      • ‘He has undoubtedly made up for that absence and has drawn warm praise from his manager and admiration from the fans.’
      • ‘However, she came under increasing criticism for her frequent absences while running her other company in Santiago de Chile.’
      • ‘The innovative scheme could be used to send revision questions and exam timetables, or chase-up homework and absences.’
      • ‘If a child has ten unauthorised absences during a six-week period then a parent is sent a fixed penalty notice warning.’
      • ‘Rex continues to preach once each quarter and happily stands in for any absences.’
      • ‘Even temporary absences from them seemed to suggest, in her darkest moments, the immutable separation of death.’
    2. 1.2absence of The nonexistence or lack of.
      ‘she found his total absence of facial expression disconcerting’
      • ‘The absence of a smoke detector in the room has prompted an immediate investigation.’
      • ‘In the absence of pictorial reality we reach instinctively for clues to some sort of story.’
      • ‘Courts also have the option of hearing the case in the absence of the defendant, he warned.’
      • ‘In the absence of named candidates or any real campaign about policy, what is an election?’
      • ‘In the absence of any treatable cause, the best that can be offered is control of the symptoms.’
      • ‘Yes, the almost total absence of rural policing is a major problem in urgent need of a solution.’
      • ‘In the absence of firm evidence and reliable facts, it is that line which tends to be followed.’
      • ‘In the absence of a decent World Cup anthem, we invited you to pen an official Guardian song.’
      • ‘How could you have possibly not noticed the absence of such a fundamental requirement?’
      • ‘Mr Wilkins said the absence of a cinema in the town is a commonly raised issue.’
      lack, want, non-existence, unavailability, deficiency, deprivation, dearth
      failing, in default of, lacking, wanting, notwithstanding, without
      View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French, from Latin absentia, from absens, absent- (see absent).

Pronunciation

absence

/ˈabsəns/