Definition of abrupt in English:

abrupt

adjective

  • 1Sudden and unexpected.

    ‘I was surprised by the abrupt change of subject’
    ‘our round of golf came to an abrupt end on the 13th hole’
    • ‘The fairy tale romance has come to an abrupt and totally unexpected end.’
    • ‘He halted suddenly, making an abrupt left down a narrow alley Nara didn't like the looks of.’
    • ‘A completely unexpected and abrupt ending saw my jaw drop.’
    • ‘Charlie blinked, surprised at the abrupt change of subject.’
    • ‘Drusilla suddenly came to an abrupt stop and Miri bumped into her.’
    • ‘Patients with such implants should not receive an abrupt and unexpected communication from their surgeon that they now form part of research into an untested implant.’
    • ‘Hence I am opting for an abrupt and immediate withdrawal.’
    • ‘However, the other boat suddenly came to an abrupt halt, amid much cursing and shouting from its wetsuited skipper and his drysuited mate.’
    • ‘I have a close friend who is prone to similarly abrupt and violent changes of mind.’
    • ‘The heady progress of Liszt's career was brought to an abrupt halt by the unexpected death of his father in 1827.’
    • ‘Then, with abrupt violence, the door slams open.’
    • ‘It was Jim Green's retirement dream - a comfortable home in a warm and sunny spot with friendly people and a slower pace of life - until it all came to an abrupt and violent end.’
    • ‘She looked taken aback for a second; the change of subject had been abrupt.’
    • ‘It was not a gradual shift but rather a sudden and abrupt change.’
    • ‘But this year he has surprised many with an abrupt about-turn because something in his head seems to have clicked into place.’
    • ‘The abrupt change in subject startles them both.’
    • ‘The fear of every columnist the world over is that the ideas will dry up, that the thought process will suddenly come to an abrupt halt and you are left staring at a blank computer screen.’
    • ‘I just think I've had too many sudden, abrupt, unexpected, and unwelcome changes in my plans to be able to commit to more plans in advance.’
    • ‘What prompted this sudden and abrupt change of attitude by Canada?’
    • ‘The sudden, abrupt death from a heart attack of the 14-year-old from Strensall shattered all those who knew and loved him.’
    sudden, immediate, instantaneous, hurried, hasty, quick, swift, rapid, speedy, precipitate
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  • 2Brief to the point of rudeness; curt.

    ‘you were rather abrupt with that young man’
    • ‘Deron's expression showed nothing, though I knew he must be surprised by the abrupt rudeness of it.’
    • ‘He was never rude or abrupt, but he was one of those guys who tended to his business and left everyone else to theirs.’
    • ‘Having said that, I do not think I deserved the very abrupt and curt way in which I was treated by Mr Hutchinson on trying to explain the situation to him.’
    • ‘Howard Dean was often brusque and abrupt with the press.’
    • ‘Most patients were content with their care, the determining feature of discontent being a doctor seen as rude, abrupt, or unsympathetic.’
    • ‘Many of the e-mails that I receive are written in an extremely rude and abrupt tone.’
    • ‘Writer, M. Leelavathy, was abrupt though sharp in her observation.’
    • ‘‘They were quite abrupt and offhand,’ says Elliot, who is now 39.’
    • ‘But they're rude, they're abrupt, and they act like little tin Hitlers, lording it over their domain.’
    • ‘Every year, it churns out yet another batch of churlish, abrupt or simply stupid workers who take a giant leap and land directly behind a counter or bar at a service area near you.’
    • ‘A long, drawn out, boring evening with terribly rude and abrupt service.’
    • ‘By rude I mean abrupt, tactless, straightforward, honest.’
    • ‘He began to tell me about whirling electrons and orthicon-tubes and other nonsense, but I cut him short with an abrupt wave.’
    • ‘It can make us rude, abrupt and impatient, but it can also inspire us to tremendous courage, bravery and leadership.’
    • ‘I couldn't help laughing at his abrupt, gruff delivery of the estimate.’
    • ‘I wanted to ask who the hell he was, but I didn't think that he was very likely to give me an answer to that, especially considering his abrupt and rude manner.’
    • ‘Into the replying email she typed a short, abrupt message.’
    • ‘She was often mean and rude and abrupt, but, then again, most people were at some point.’
    • ‘This is what people have thought about Martha Stewart, that she is rude, abrupt, and abrasive.’
    • ‘Though critics saw him as quick-tempered, harsh, abrupt, and arbitrary, practically everyone recognized his genius as a chief of staff.’
    curt, brusque, blunt, short, sharp, terse, brisk, crisp, gruff, snappish, snappy, unceremonious, offhand, cavalier, rough, harsh
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    1. 2.1 (of a style of speech or writing) not flowing smoothly; disjointed.
      • ‘Though the writing style in this work is at points abrupt, Lillback's work is truly commendable as a thorough synthesis of Calvin.’
      • ‘Despite her abrupt style winning her as many friends as it did enemies, there was no denying that she deserved to be there.’
      • ‘Their whimsical nature, abrupt discontinuities and formal ‘shortcuts’ came across vividly.’
      • ‘Focus on keeping your movements smooth and fluid rather than abrupt and jerky.’
      • ‘The text breaks into the temple of Russian literature with its lively and trembling, shocking and abrupt style.’
      • ‘The story is built up through successive emotional crescendos, immediately downplayed by abrupt narrative shifts.’
      • ‘He had returned to his abrupt manner of speech but I didn't care.’
      • ‘Iris watched as his expression darkened and his speech became more abrupt.’
      • ‘I was told that I write in short bursts and my writing is kinda abrupt.’
      • ‘It made the language he spoke sound harsh, abrupt, awkward, without poetry.’
      • ‘Jordan, unfortunately, compounds this weakness with an abrupt style.’
      • ‘Instead, the flow was smooth in places, then abrupt, depending on what was most effective for that part of the show.’
      • ‘In this respect Trout Mask Replica takes all available musical genres and foregrounds them as genre through abrupt and aggressive juxtaposition.’
      • ‘Even after getting used to the controls and mastering nice smooth corners the camera feels a lot more abrupt in first person than in the third person view.’
      • ‘This was abetted by several instances of abrupt and awkward editing.’
      • ‘I constantly had short, abrupt little pieces of dreams, but I never could remember what happened in them.’
      • ‘What we saw were videos with abrupt transitions, missing footage, stilted narration, and no background music.’
      • ‘The movie is still impressive, even if contemporary viewers may be baffled by the abrupt shifts between styles, time periods and storylines.’
      • ‘In this style abrupt pauses with short silences are considered embellishments.’
      • ‘Sometimes the readers do feel shocked and startled by the abrupt and terse nature of some of these poems, but the effect is rewarding.’
      jerky, uneven, irregular, disconnected, discontinuous, broken, rough, inelegant
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  • 3Steep; precipitous.

    ‘the abrupt double peak of the mountain’
    • ‘And then, the western flank of the Wasatch Mountains rises up, sheer and abrupt, to shock as much snow from the clouds as possible.’
    • ‘She glanced at it briefly, taking in the trembling peaks and abrupt cliffs and faces.’
    • ‘The ground angled suddenly upward, and he staggered as the abrupt slope surprised him.’
    • ‘Its lines are harsh and abrupt, nearly geometrical.’
    • ‘The result is an interplay between the pulsating red ground, the closer-hued biomorphic forms and the abrupt vertical black elements.’
    steep, sheer, precipitous, bluff, sharp, sudden, acute
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Origin

Late 16th century: from Latin abruptus ‘broken off, steep’, past participle of abrumpere, from ab- ‘away, from’ + rumpere ‘break’.

Pronunciation

abrupt

/əˈbrəpt//əˈbrəpt/