Definition of abrasion in US English:



  • 1The process of scraping or wearing something away.

    ‘the metal is resistant to abrasion’
    • ‘They are resistant to abrasion and grease, and have good hardness.’
    • ‘Mangrove forests function to protect coasts from storms, erosion and abrasion, as well as providing habitat for various animals especially fish and bird species.’
    • ‘The ability to coat surfaces - making them stronger, lighter and more resistant to corrosion or abrasion - has many applications.’
    • ‘If the abrasive medium remains intact, the process is described as low stress abrasion.’
    • ‘Roundness is increased by abrasion and chemical weathering processes, which blunt particle edges, and decreased by fracturing, which creates new, unworn edges.’
    • ‘High disarticulation, fragmentation, and abrasion indicate high environmental energy and turbulence and significant lateral transport.’
    • ‘The signs at the left, top, and right can still be read, but the row along the bottom of the panel is irretrievable due to severe abrasion and loss.’
    • ‘This requires a precise process: too much abrasion will weaken the joints and cause premature device failure.’
    • ‘When made into a fiber they demonstrate low moisture absorption and good resistance to abrasion.’
    • ‘Some individuals may even develop welts just from local exposure to cold or mechanical abrasion.’
    • ‘Seliger's labor-intensive techniques of accretion and abrasion often mimic geologic processes.’
    • ‘Thermoplastic tips have generally shown good resistance to abrasion and corrosion, but may vary in wear life depending on the specific material used to mold the tips.’
    • ‘Hardfacing applies a coating for the purpose of reducing wear or loss of material by abrasion, impact, erosion, oxidation, cavitations, etc.’
    • ‘This special elastomer is available in various properties of hardness and toughness and is resistant to abrasion.’
    • ‘The intraarticular implant fragments may lead to gradual chondral injury secondary to abrasion of the articular surfaces.’
    • ‘The lifeline is a long, heavy, braided rope that is resistant to abrasion, sunlight, and moisture.’
    • ‘Geological evidence for precipitation, erosion, mechanical abrasion and other fluvial activity says that the physical processes shaping Titan are much the same as those shaping Earth.’
    • ‘Pain may also occur when dentine is exposed by trauma, erosion, or abrasion; this subsides within seconds of removing the stimulus and may be poorly localised, often only to within two or three teeth of the affected tooth.’
    • ‘The media are long wearing and highly resistant to abrasion.’
    • ‘This suggests derivation from a sedimentary precursor in which zircons would reflect recycling and abrasion during sedimentary processes.’
    wearing away, wearing down, wearing, erosion, scraping, corrosion, being eaten away, chafing, rubbing, stripping, flaying, excoriation
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    1. 1.1 An area damaged by scraping or wearing away.
      ‘there were cuts and abrasions to the lips and jaw’
      • ‘They got her into the cabin and Mr Adams, trained in first aid, cleaned her cuts and abrasions with alcohol.’
      • ‘They suffered hypothermia, bruises, abrasions, bites from tracker dogs, or were injured in road accidents.’
      • ‘Also found were 57 bruises and abrasions which bore the hallmarks of deliberate physical abuse over a period of a month or so, the court heard.’
      • ‘Plastic glazing is susceptible to scratches and abrasions, as well as to damage by certain solvents.’
      • ‘Without the proper equipment, a worker risks injuries such as abrasions, or friction burns.’
      • ‘He was taken to Bonalbo Hospital with numerous cuts and abrasions.’
      • ‘The nurse assesses the patient's skin condition, noting any areas of redness or abrasions.’
      • ‘I actually suffered bruising to my ribs and abrasions and bruising to my thigh, both of which have caused me considerable discomfort.’
      • ‘He suffered swelling and abrasions to his head in the latest attack as he walked home from Rhodesway School in Allerton, Bradford.’
      • ‘Stephen said the medical report showed no abrasions, lacerations, tears or discharge.’
      • ‘His crumpled body revealed brain damage, multiple fractures, bruises and abrasions.’
      • ‘Several weeks later, a woman is rushed into the emergency room with multiple bruises, scrapes, and abrasions.’
      • ‘If your mower is electric, check the cable for loose connections and for cuts and abrasions and fit a circuit breaker to the plug socket.’
      • ‘It is also important to avoid applying bleach or other chemicals to a scalp that has open sores, abrasions or any type of breakouts.’
      • ‘He had a basal skull fracture, lacerations to his scalp, facial abrasions and contusions to both frontal cerebral lobes.’
      • ‘The woman suffered extensive blunt force bruising and abrasions to her head, face, chest, arms and legs.’
      • ‘Brady also suffered numerous cuts, abrasions and contusions.’
      • ‘Or you can mix 25 drops into 100 ml of hot water and gently apply to cuts, abrasions, sores and ulcers.’
      • ‘Doyle said there were small superficial abrasions and bruises on the body which were caused by the fall or the rocks.’
      • ‘Superficial cuts, scratches, abrasions, minor burns, stings and bites will heal with the same treatment.’
      graze, scrape, scratch, cut, gash, laceration, tear, rent, slash, injury, contusion
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Mid 17th century: from Latin abrasio(n-), from the verb abradere (see abrade).