1Physical rather than biological; not derived from living organisms.
lifeless, insentient, insensate, without life, inert, motionlessView synonyms
- ‘Living organisms function in the context of the abiotic and biotic worlds.’
- ‘This is distinct from the notion of selection deriving from pressures exerted by the biotic and abiotic environment inhabited by the organism.’
- ‘Reactive oxygen species are generated under various biotic and abiotic stresses, and trigger cell death.’
- ‘If abiotic and biotic stresses inhibit proper root function, plants run into nutrient deficiencies.’
- ‘For insects on plants, demes may evolve in response to local abiotic features, rather than to the natal host plant.’
- ‘Perturbations of photosynthetic metabolism can be induced by many biotic and abiotic factors.’
- ‘Ecosystems are functional units of interacting abiotic, biotic, and cultural components.’
- ‘Development of models of intraspecific body size variation incorporating abiotic and biotic factors would be useful.’
- ‘In addition, there is growing recognition of abiotic organic synthesis in various geological materials.’
- ‘Water is obviously a crucial and highly variable abiotic factor for every living organism.’
- 1.1 Devoid of life; sterile.
- ‘As you know, the planet was originally considered to be abiotic, by some people.’
- ‘There is no reason to declare that Mars has been abiotic throughout its history.’
- ‘The study shows that the situation is still much the same 100 years later, with the estuary being identified as the only abiotic area in 2003.’
- ‘We know certain principles, which can be proven experimentally, to be universal, from the standpoint of the assumption that the universe was abiotic - not a living universe.’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.