A member of a Muslim dynasty that ruled the Islamic world from AD 660 (or 661) to 750 and Moorish Spain from 756 to 1031. The dynasty claimed descent from Umayya, a distant relative of Muhammad.
- ‘In Spain under the Umayyads and in Baghdad under the Abbasid Khalifahs, Christians and Jews enjoyed a freedom of religion that they did not allow each other or anyone else.’
- ‘Later Muslim historians accused the Umayyads of transforming the Islamic state into an Arab kingdom.’
- ‘The Umayyads and other dynasties regularly extended cordial relations to local Christian communities even at a time when Muslim armies battled Greek Byzantine forces and European Crusaders.’
- ‘Honest and pious Muslims opposed to Umayyads usurping power were severely persecuted.’
- ‘The one surviving member of the Umayyads fled to Spain where he continued to claim to be caliph at Cordoba.’
Relating to the Umayyad dynasty.
- ‘The example of Caliph Abdul Aziz from Umayyad dynasty is well known.’
- ‘Early Umayyad caliphs and some of the Abbasids who supplanted them employed the title khalifat Allah - deputy or vice-regent of God (as did some later Muslim sovereigns, such as the Sultan of Jogjakarta in Java).’
- ‘Would it be during that Umayyad caliphate, then, this spread of Islam from Syria, from Damascus, that we begin to see Islam moving beyond just an Arabian religion?’
- ‘The Zaydis favored Zayd ibn Ali, grandson of Husayn, as fifth imam due to his activist revolutionary position against the Umayyad dynasty.’
- ‘The black, white and green bands represent the Arab Abbasid, Umayyad and Fatimid dynasties respectively, while the crimson triangle joining the bands represents the Hashemite dynasty.’