Main definitions of spartan in English

: spartan1Spartan2Spartan3

spartan1

adjective

  • Showing the indifference to comfort or luxury traditionally associated with ancient Sparta.

    ‘spartan but adequate rooms’
    • ‘It's a spartan, occasionally pretentious piece of work, but more than redeemed by two elegant central performances.’
    • ‘Because it is such a spartan environment and lacks significant variation or detail, it lends itself readily to imaginative transformation.’
    • ‘The moon peers through the bare window with a spartan offering of light.’
    • ‘The lack of decent furnishings gave the apartment a spartan look.’
    • ‘The dining room, not exactly spartan but simpler than most of Starck's restaurant interiors, is high enough to afford fine westerly views upriver to the City and beyond.’
    • ‘The two designs have sometimes been construed as representing a disconcerting shift from the spartan to the lavish.’
    • ‘Inside, he was relieved to discover, the ambience was not quite so discouragingly spartan as outside.’
    • ‘My room reminds me of some apartments I lived in as a much younger man: spartan, white-washed, built around the time my parents were teenagers.’
    • ‘What lets it down is the over-egged direction which works against the spartan plot.’
    • ‘Beeston never had palatial buildings, and throughout the C13 - C14 it remained a military base, spartan but potentially effective.’
    • ‘It's a sparse, spartan film, especially in its Scottish scenes and has none of the warmth of Ramsay's engaging debut, Ratcatcher.’
    • ‘Between 3,000 and 5,000 years old, these trees are testimony to spartan living under harsh conditions.’
    • ‘Use this spartan, but functional online viewer.’
    • ‘The interior of the shuttle was spartan in design - a comcen, which he glimpsed as they moved him into the back.’
    • ‘The furnishing is spartan but includes an immense grandfather clock which strikes the hour with a shattering noise.’
    • ‘The bed, spartan nightstand, and two chairs seemed enough.’
    • ‘Living conditions were harsh and spartan with many families living in humpies or tents.’
    • ‘Schmidt is potentially a cold character, spartan with words and frugal with money.’
    • ‘The words spartan and bare did not even begin to describe the place Taro called home.’
    • ‘My first impression that there was something disconcertingly spartan about the room was reinforced after a bit of tortured thought.’
    austere, harsh, hard, frugal, stringent, rigorous, arduous, strict, stern, severe, rigid
    View synonyms

Origin

Mid 17th century: from Spartan, because the inhabitants of Sparta were traditionally held to be indifferent to comfort or luxury.

Pronunciation

spartan

/ˈspɑrtn//ˈspärtn/

Main definitions of spartan in English

: spartan1Spartan2Spartan3

Spartan2

noun

  • A citizen of Sparta.

    • ‘The Spartans finally won through Lysander's abilities as a general and his friendship with Cyrus, the son of the Persian King, who financed the Spartan navy more regularly and fully than it had been.’
    • ‘Although the Spartans extended their territory, they did not extend their citizenship.’
    • ‘At the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War the Spartans slew any trader they caught sailing around their coast line, irrespective of their ethnicity.’
    • ‘Athens was no longer the center of Hellenic civilization, having been defeated by the Spartans.’
    • ‘The Helots, and the Spartans ' severe treatment of them, at first puzzled and later disturbed the more sensitive Greek observers.’
    • ‘The Athenians were surprised by the Corinthians and Spartans, and the fleet was almost completely destroyed.’
    • ‘Before the wolves can get him, however, he is rescued by a wise old shepherd and brought up as a helot, one of the aboriginal population the Spartans have enslaved.’
    • ‘The Spartans viewed themselves as the true inheritors of the Greek tradition.’
    • ‘The Spartans were the Dorian inhabitants of a Greek city-state in the Peloponnese that for many centuries was one of the greatest of Greek powers.’

Pronunciation

Spartan

/ˈspärtn//ˈspɑrtn/

Main definitions of spartan in English

: spartan1Spartan2Spartan3

Spartan3

adjective

  • Relating to Sparta in ancient Greece.

    • ‘The military structure of Spartan society was shaped by the necessity of holding down the helot class that did all the actual work.’
    • ‘While Athenian forces made raids and even established small coastal bases in Spartan territory, these forays were unable to inflict sufficient damage to aid the Athenian fight.’
    • ‘My jaw literally dropped as the girl started picking out books about ancient Spartan history - senior school work.’
    • ‘Obviously, a democratic society or its subunits could decide to lead as Spartan an existence as they wanted.’
    • ‘Tough and Spartan in his habits, he was also a keen rambler, and it was through the Ramblers Association that he met his companion Hazel Weatherhead.’
    • ‘First of all, training is to be Spartan.’
    • ‘At first he danced a solid, Spartan dance, then a rather more fey Athenian dance.’
    • ‘They were considered as mothers to all Spartan soldiers.’
    • ‘Did you know that Spartan boys training to be officers in their army were partnered up with a full-grown male ‘mentor’, and essentially made to be his wife for ten years?’
    • ‘The first was during the Peloponnesian wars and was fought between a largely Spartan and Tegeate army, and a combined army consisting largely of Mantineians, Argives, and Athenians.’
    • ‘Google Talk is Spartan in the way that the Lacedemonians were Spartan: it seems ancient!’
    • ‘The combination of this ideology, the education of Spartan males, and the disciplined maintenance of a standing army gave the Spartans much needed stability.’
    • ‘With the collapse of Spartan hegemony in 371, the fragmentation of Greece was such that it became harder to find allies than to hire troops.’
    • ‘How can you claim to be Spartan if you can't keep up?’
    • ‘It was a loving, if somewhat Spartan, upbringing.’
    • ‘To be Spartan meant to be tough.’
    • ‘Thaddeus epitomized a Spartan athlete of ancient times, as did his older brother, Dmitri.’
    • ‘The tuition in obedience that I received as a boy was too severe, too Spartan to be imposed upon Athenians.’
    • ‘Jacomus drew his sword and plunged into battle with Spartan zeal.’
    • ‘On the other hand, Spartan isolationism appeared as a direct threat to Athens.’
    • ‘What happened to Thebes is indeed a clear sign that it was Spartan rather than Persian interests that determined the nature of the King's Peace.’
    • ‘The aim of their lessons is Spartan: the Tigers hope to turn the children into " committed freedom fighters, and upright leaders of tomorrow ".’
    • ‘Let me therefore first expand a little on Greek, and especially Spartan, competitiveness, and then on Greek, and especially Spartan, attitudes to and practices of freedom.’
    • ‘Those two aspects of Spartan culture and society by themselves make Sparta worthy of our continued study, but they far from exhaust Sparta's fascination.’
    • ‘A man in Spartan uniform stepped from the trees.’
    • ‘When I started, cruisers always bragged about being tough and Spartan.’
    • ‘The only concession to this classically Spartan regime is that each spectator may bring in one bottle of water - size is not specified.’
    • ‘Of course, she is Spartan and your people rarely expose any weakness, even under the blade of a knife.’
    • ‘Throughout this ordeal he maintained a personal diary which records, in language of Spartan simplicity, the daily struggle against disease, cruelty, hopelessness, and death.’
    • ‘There boys and girls alike competed naked, which got Spartan maidens the reputation for being rather fast.’
    • ‘Though born lame in one leg, and displaying a streak of romanticism, Agesilaus was typically Spartan in his qualities and limitations.’
    painful, not comfortable, intolerable, unbearable, disagreeable, excruciating, agonizing, confining, cramped
    View synonyms

Pronunciation

Spartan

/ˈspärtn//ˈspɑrtn/

Main definitions of spartan in English

: spartan1Spartan2Spartan3

Spartan

noun

  • A Canadian dessert apple of a variety with crisp white flesh and maroon-flushed yellow skin.

Pronunciation

Spartan

/ˈspärtn//ˈspɑrtn/