Definition of Sassanian in US English:


(also Sasanian, Sassanid)


  • Relating to a dynasty that ruled Persia from the early 3rd century AD until the Arab Muslim conquest of 651.

    • ‘Since the fall of the Sassanian empire in 642, it has been under the rule of Islam.’
    • ‘It is one of the oldest towns in the world, dating back to Sassanian times at least, its name thought to derive from yazdesh, which means ‘to feast and to worship’ in the ancient Persian of the time.’
    • ‘The Sasanian dynasty and its proud religion ended abruptly with the Islamic conquest, and the Mongol onslaught six centuries later completed the destruction.’
    • ‘There had been a cult of gastronomy at the court of the Sasanian Empire and the caliphs of Baghdad gratefully adopted it.’
    • ‘The process of subdivision and conquest culminated in the establishment of the entirely Persian Sassanid Empire at the beginning of the third century C.E.’
    • ‘In 635 insurgent Arab tribes destroyed the Sassanid Empire in what is now Iraq, bringing with them the new religion of Islam.’
    • ‘The veiling of women became a feature of Islamic society some time after the Islamic conquests of the eastern Byzantine lands and the domains of the Sassanian empire in the early seventh century.’
    • ‘In the fourth century C.E. Bahrain was annexed into the Sasanian Empire.’
    • ‘The Abbasid Dynasty established its capital at Baghdad, near the old Sassanian capital.’
    • ‘A group of Sasanian objects in the exhibition, including two stucco reliefs, two silver vessels, and a textile band, strikingly demonstrated this point.’
    • ‘Part of the reason for the stability of the Jewish community in Babylon was that the area was held by the Persian Sassanian dynasty from the 3rd century CE on.’
    • ‘Certainly, when dealing with Islamic science, it helps to have a foundation in Greek, Indian and Sasanian science.’
    • ‘Further East, encounter with the Zoroastrians of the Persian Sassanian Empire led to some debate about the significance of Jesus.’
    • ‘Roman, Sassanian and Islamic craftsmen gradually developed a range of techniques and effects that were then largely forgotten between the eleventh century and the late 1600s, when cutting was revived as a decorative art.’
    • ‘It has stone reliefs of the Sassanian kings' victories.’
    • ‘The Persian empire continued under Parthian and Sassanid dynasties before Moslem Arab invaders brought Islam to Persia, culminating in the golden age of the Safavids in the 16th and 17th centuries.’
    • ‘His long hands lay folded in his lap, and his domed head, like that on some ancient Sassanian coin, was bent forward.’
    • ‘Some of the structures in Bam dated back to the Sassanian period, from 224-637 AD.’
    • ‘They fought the Roman legions and the Sassanid Persians, and in most cases lost.’
    • ‘Syria and Egypt were part of the Byzantine Empire; Iraq was ruled by Sassanid Persia.’


  • A member of the Sassanian dynasty.

    • ‘Under the Sassanians (third century C.E.), the Persian language and culture and the Zoroastrian religion spread throughout the region.’
    • ‘The Sassanids are also responsible for other cultural contributions, such as the spectacular architecture they produced in Iran and Mesopotamia, some of which remains until this day.’
    • ‘Buddhism in this region would survive yet another conquest, by the Sassanids of Iran.’
    • ‘But no border post can remain tranquil for long and Taxila took a heavy share of the repeated invasions and conquests by the Bactrian Greeks, the Shakas, the Kushans, the Sassanians, etc.’
    • ‘Under the Sassanians, it became a state religion.’
    • ‘The Sassanians distinguished, even in their own empire, between Iran and non-Iran (an-Eran).’
    • ‘The rise of Arab-Islamic power during the seventh century AD overwhelmed the Sassanids, pushed back the Byzantines, and for a time created a military-political system that stretched from the Atlantic to the borders of China.’
    • ‘The Sassanians consolidated all territories east to China and India, and engaged successfully with the Byzantine Empire.’
    • ‘The author manages to cover the Achaemenid period in just a hundred pages, before going on to look at other ancient Persias: the Parthians who fought against the Romans, and the Sasanians who fought against the Byzantines.’
    • ‘Greeks (under Alexander the Great), Persians, Medians, Sassanians, and Parthians warred there.’
    • ‘The Sassanians managed to keep out of their kingdom first the Romans and then the Byzantines.’
    • ‘The Romans and Byzantines fought the Sassanids for centuries.’
    • ‘The Parthians and Sassanids also celebrated Norooz every year by holding special rituals and ceremonies.’


From Sasan(the name of the grandfather or father of Ardashir, the first Sassanian) + -ian.