1A member of an American Indian people of the Arkansas River region, now living mainly in northeastern Oklahoma.
- ‘It was a place where the Quapaw and choctaws paddled dugout canoes, ivory-billed woodpeckers shredded bark from ancient trees, and mallard ducks rained down ahead of the first autumn blue norther.’
- ‘The US has hundreds of tribes of Native Americans, from the larger and familiar names of Apache, Sioux, Cherokee and Mohicans to the smaller and lesser-known Catawba, Kalispel and Quapaw.’
- ‘The Quapaw maintained a homeland that was defined by their ancestral burial grounds, a dualistic social organization, and a religious concept of Wakonda.’
- ‘Essays cover the Timucua, Guale, Apalachee, Chickasaw, Caddo, Natchez, Quapaw, Cherokee, Upper Creek, Lower Creek, and Seminole Indians.’
- ‘Yet, it was important as an outpost where frontier Europeans, particularly the French and the Spanish, formed discernible cooperative relationships with native American peoples, especially the Quapaws.’
2The Siouan language of the Quapaw.
- ‘However, I knew him all of my life and he could not speak Quapaw at all except for a few words.’
- ‘You may also like to visit our Sioux Languages homepage to see how Quapaw relates to other languages from the Siouan family.’
- ‘The Miami woman said she's the last person in the area, and one of the very few last people in the country, who still speaks Quapaw fluently.’
Relating to the Quapaw or their language.
- ‘Each of those ideas ‘derived at least part of its meaning from its relationship with one or both of the other features’, and they remained intact even as various changes permeated Quapaw society.’
- ‘At various points he gives inconsistent counts of numbers of Natchez, Quapaw, and Caddo warriors.’
- ‘On the central Plains are found the Omaha, Osage, Ponca, Kansa, and Quapaw languages; in Wisconsin one finds the Winnebago language; on the Gulf Coast are the Tutelo, Ofo, and Biloxi languages; and in the Southeast one finds Catawba.’
From Quapaw okáxpa, perhaps meaning those downstream originally the name of a village.