One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A governor of a province in ancient Rome, having much of the authority of a consul.
- ‘A little later came the proconsuls, men of imperial gravitas, stately courtesy and crisp, regulation haircuts.’
- ‘Cicero was out of Rome during the eighteen months preceding the outbreak of the Civil War, being selected under regulations following Pompey's lex de provinciis.’
- ‘This was the main purpose of Rome's magistrates for most of her history, and even when they had become mostly civilian magistrates, as propraetors and proconsuls they still went out to govern provinces and wage wars.’
- ‘They received tribute payments from western kings and gave to those kings titles like proconsul and Master of the Horse.’
- ‘If the Roman proconsul reinforced dominant notions of ideal masculinity and thereby captured the admiration of almost all the reviewers in 1834, the same cannot be said of the principal female figure in Ingres's painting.’
- ‘Hyrcanus, though he might call himself king, got only Jerusalem, along with a few pieces north and south, but even this small area he could not govern without checking in with the Roman proconsul in Damascus.’
- ‘Studies of Mughals and missionaries, of explorers and proconsuls, have reshaped metropolitan studies, including the character of imperial expansion itself.’
- ‘Caesar proconsul of the province of Further Spain; victorious campaign against the Lusitani which permits him to seek a Triumph in Rome.’
- ‘The second event is the subject of the first Louvre miniature, the Conversion of the Roman proconsul.’
- ‘The proconsul and the police captain tried to persuade Polycarp to save his life by saying ‘Caesar is Lord’ and sacrificing to the Roman gods.’
- ‘Faltonia Proba was from a noble Roman family, and was probably the wife of the proconsul Clodius Celsinus Adelphius, who was prefect in AD 351.’
- ‘Like the proconsuls of ancient Rome, the viceroy governed, administered, judged, superintended the royal treasury, was commander in chief of the army, and the vice patron of the church.’
- ‘It needed only a few Roman officials, with a proconsul at their head, to govern this senatorial province; moreover, to judge from the epigraphic sources, very few Roman citizens were tempted to settle there.’
- ‘The ancient road system in southern Gaul began after the foundation of the province of Gallia Transalpina in 118 BC, when the proconsul Cnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus constructed the Via Domitia.’
- ‘He would remain proconsul over Italy, Spain, Gaul and Syria, but the Senate would take up responsibility for the rest of the provinces.’
- ‘The latter has taken on a role akin to the proconsuls of the Roman Empire, dutifully relaying ever more onerous conditions imposed by the IMF.’
- ‘Finally, lording over the tumult is the third major actor in the drama, the Roman proconsul Heraclius, who directs the route of the procession from his mount in the exact center of the canvas.’
- ‘His inattention provides a foil for the conversion of the Roman proconsul Sergius Paulus at the center of the image.’
- ‘Under the old Republic, a proconsul was the supreme civil and military officer of the province, superior to all other Romans and natives in the province.’
- ‘It carefully contrived the fantasies of a modern Roman Empire and grafted the passion for unrestricted authority on to the viceroy, governors and administrators who were greeted as proconsuls and centurians.’
2A governor or deputy consul of a modern colony.
- ‘The chapter on the rise of the proconsuls demonstrates how the Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986 invested tremendous power in the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and regional commanders in chief.’
- ‘Rather, he is to function as an imperial proconsul, wielding unfettered power over a militarily occupied country.’
- ‘Above all their proconsuls and representatives must let themselves be seen and talk to the people.’
- ‘They ridiculed leaked U.S. plans to install a proconsul in the Douglas MacArthur mold, strutting around with a cob pipe and dictating orders to a humiliated people.’
- ‘The SEP insists that the Iraqi people and the people of the entire Middle East must be free to determine their own political destiny, without being subject to the dictates of US proconsuls.’
- ‘They made clear that the US aimed to conquer the country and install a military proconsul - along the lines of General MacArthur's six and a half-year rule in Japan - before handing it over to a puppet government.’
- ‘He served in Britain under Claudius and was proconsul of Africa in 63.’
- ‘With the defeat of Japan, MacArthur became the virtual American proconsul in Tokyo, often ignoring instructions from Washington on occupation policy.’
- ‘Why not go the full hog and ask Dublin to send a proconsul to the loyal colony?’
- ‘In September 1911 he became the proconsul of Egypt, ruling there and in the Sudan until August 1914.’
- ‘He does this, too, from the ground up-from the recruitment of junior officers to the proconsuls at the top-and he follows the story from the origins of each service to the period of decolonization.’
- ‘In Nicaragua, as elsewhere, no self-determination is tolerated and the U.S. ambassador is the de facto proconsul.’
- ‘What kind of economy would the US proconsul be supervising?’
- ‘Khalilzad, who acts as a proconsul dictating US terms in Afghanistan, declared to the press that it was time for the regional commanders to ‘clarify’ whether they wanted to join the government.’
- ‘The New York Times revealed recently a US occupation plan calling for Iraq to be governed by a military proconsul.’
- ‘The ex-Unocal man is now special US envoy to his native country - in effect, the US proconsul in Kabul, who supervises the political affairs of the Afghan puppet regime from day to day.’
- ‘The proconsuls had few illusions about the nature of the tasks they set themselves or of the people whom they hoped to liberate.’
- ‘It requires the ruthless repression of all those who oppose the US domination of Iraq and believe that the country should be run by the Iraqi people themselves, rather than US proconsuls, generals and corporate profiteers.’
From Latin pro consule ‘(one acting) for the consul’.
A fossil hominoid primate found in Lower Miocene deposits in East Africa, one of the last common ancestors of both humans and the great apes.
Genus Proconsul, family Pongidae
- ‘Although the taxonomic assignment of the Kisingiri and Tinderet material to the genus Proconsul is rather secure, the potential FAE and LAE for this taxon is somewhat problematic.’
- ‘Instead, Morotopithecus is considered here to occupy the stratigraphic interval defined by the FAE of Proconsul and the FAE of Afropithecus.’
- ‘The topologies of each of these eight cladograms were identical to the MMPC, except that the relative position of Proconsul varied across the set creating a polytomy between Proconsul and the two hominoid clades.’
- ‘The ‘archaic’ group here included Proconsul with Afropithecus, Turkanapithecus, Equatorius, Kenyapithecus, and Griphopithecus.’
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