Definition of Pima in US English:



  • 1A member of either of two North American peoples, the (Upper) Pima living chiefly along the Gila and Salt rivers of southern Arizona, and the Lower Pima of central Sonora.

    • ‘The prevalence of diabetes among Pima (Akimel O'odham) Indians involves three important domains: political-economic, genetic, and cultural.’
    • ‘This effort to provide water to the Pimas was only partially successful; it did not return the natural flow back to the river.’
    • ‘During the 1680s and 1690s, many wars of independence were being waged across the northern frontier of New Spain by Conchos, Tarahumaras, Mansos, Sanos, Pimas, Opatas, and Apaches.’
    • ‘That's one of the reasons they're outsiders among a lot of the native tribes in Mexico; the Mayo from Sonora, the Pima all signed treaties.’
    • ‘However, this thrifty genotype hypothesis is not considered a sufficient explanation for the post-World War II rise in diabetes prevalence among the Pimas and other Native American groups.’
    • ‘Before the 1860s, Pimas had maintained their agricultural fields and irrigation canals based on knowledge from a long history of agricultural subsistence.’
    • ‘A woman born on the borders of an uneasy alliance of ages past between Tarahumara, Yaqui, and Pima, she was tall, almost willowy in the blossom of her youth.’
    • ‘Apache wandered in the mountains to the east, Pima lived in the river valleys of today's Arizona.’
    • ‘Some of the groups with the highest rates of diabetes (e.g., the Pimas, Puebloans, and River Yumans) also have the longest history of intensive agricultural subsistence.’
    • ‘A few Pima grew crops and hunted in the nearby Gila River Valley, but the old extensive irrigation system was now virtually unknown to those who lived along the Salt.’
    • ‘Genetic factors complicate the task of diabetes prevention by implying that the disease is unavoidable for Pimas.’
    • ‘I do have friends who are American Indians representing many tribes - - Anishinabe, Seneca, Cherokee, Cayuga, Diné, Menominee, Ojibwe, Apache, Onondaga, Pima, Pequot.’
    • ‘Health problems related to diabetes-blindness, the loss of limbs, liver and kidney disease-are so severe that some Pimas fear for the very survival of their tribe.’
    • ‘Those ancient peoples are now believed to have become the Papago, Pima, and Pueblo peoples of the contemporary Southwest.’
    • ‘What does this mean for native groups like the Cree and Mohawks of Canada and the US, whose ancestral lands (like the Yoeme and Pima in the South) are cut literally by the border?’
    • ‘May hopes that stevia, part of the company's best-selling Sweet Leaf line, will not only aid the Pimas in conquering diabetes but will become, in his words, ‘one of the great consumer brands of the world.’’
    • ‘The Pima in Arizona have been the focus of a tremendous amount of research because even by American standards they are incredibly obese and suffer horrific rates of diabetes and heart disease.’
    • ‘A second area of disagreement stems from Western, biomedical notions of individual responsibility for health that are not universally accepted or even practical in the Pimas' kin-focused society.’
    • ‘Among Pimas over the age of 55, 80 percent have diabetes.’
    • ‘One strategy is to plant vegetable varieties adapted to growing in drought conditions, like tepary beans from the Pimas of central Arizona and Hopi corn developed to grow in sand dunes without irrigation.’
  • 2The Uto-Aztecan languages of the Pima.

    See Papago
    • ‘Pima (Uto-Aztecan, central Arizona) pluralizes nouns via partial reduplication.’
    • ‘Jorigine Bender grew up speaking Pima.’


  • Relating to the Pima or their languages.

    • ‘In populations at exceptionally high risk for non-insulin dependent diabetes (for example, Pima Indians) overt insulin resistance and diabetes is seen in childhood.’
    • ‘The ancestors of the two Pima tribes were some of the first people to set foot in the Americas, some 30,000 to 40,000 years ago.’
    • ‘Indeed, his case studies of the Yakima and the Pima Indians provide extraordinarily vivid examples of the effects reclamation had on local power relations.’
    • ‘Isidra, Ernesto's wife, was the first female believer of the indigenous Pima people, and mother of his four children.’
    • ‘The peaks retain names that Anglo settlers along the Gila and Salt Rivers took from stories of the Pima people.’
    • ‘Obesity is especially common in Pima Indians, the result of the sudden acquisition of a high-calorie diet to which Europeans have had enough time to adjust.’
    • ‘Traditional environment protects against diabetes in Pima Indians.’
    • ‘Take organic outdoor clothing manufacturer Patagonia, for example, which buys from Buhler and plans to start a line of women's clothes made of Pima cotton.’
    • ‘Strong indications for a major influence of stomatal characteristics on yield have been obtained in studies on Pima cotton cultivars with optimized performance under high temperatures.’
    • ‘At extremely high day temperatures such as 40°C for 13 h, all existing squares and flowers were aborted in several Upland cotton cultivars, whereas Pima cotton was highly sensitive and failed to produce fruiting branches.’
    • ‘Educational materials can be made more culturally and economically meaningful in a modern sense by recognizing contemporary and historic aspects of Pima culture.’
    • ‘Once, hearing that a Pima man was to be executed the next day, Kino made a perilous seventy-five-mile night ride to rescue him.’
    • ‘Indeed, approximately 95 percent of Pima Indians with diabetes are overweight.’
    • ‘Even Pima varieties of cotton grown in Arizona and California showed yield losses that year.’
    • ‘My own work at Gila River has examined specific conflicts between biomedical and Pima health cultures, particularly conceptual disagreements.’
    • ‘With a steady water supply, Pima culture flourished until the arrival of Euro-Americans and their livestock signaled drastic environmental changes.’
    • ‘More than half of all Pima Indians over age 35 have diabetes, a condition arising from a body's decreased ability to metabolize glucose.’
    • ‘The highest incidence of diabetes in the United States is believed to occur within the Pima tribe in Arizona with a prevalence rate of approximately 50% in adults 30-64 years of age.’
    • ‘Second, foods associated (either truly or fictively) with the past, tradition, or Pima authenticity carry great symbolic value.’
    • ‘Tumamoc Hill is an outlier of the Tucson Mountains, Pima County, Arizona.’


Spanish, shortening of Pimahito, from Pima pimahaitu ‘nothing’.