Definition of Lunda in English:



  • 1A member of any of several peoples living mainly in northern Zambia and adjoining parts of the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire) and Angola. From the 16th to 19th centuries, they established a substantial empire in the region.

    • ‘The combination of these natural and human resources attracted the attention of neighboring peoples such as the Lunda, to the south, who strove to absorb this area into their own domain.’
    • ‘Our traditional ceremonies like the Mutomboko of the Lunda in Luapula, Bu-ilile of the Bwile people, N'cwala of the Ngoni, Likumbi lya mize of the Luvale and many others should also be supported and funded.’
    • ‘Whenever the Lundas held their ceremony, the Luvales would not be anywhere near the event, and like the Luvales when the Lundas were observing theirs; all this to avoid the risk of fighting.’
    • ‘And true to the words in the song, Lundas are a people who are proud of their rich cultural heritage which they have preserved in song, forklore and traditional ceremonies.’
    • ‘His successor Frederick Chiluba was only a fluent Bemba speaker but is in fact a Lunda from Luapula Province.’
  • 2Any of several Bantu languages of the Lunda, especially one spoken by about 200,000 people mainly in northwestern Zambia.

    • ‘Chisemwa Cha Lunda ceremony is held annually to accord Lunda speaking people a chance to display their cultural heritage.’
    • ‘To a Luvale, speaking Lunda was provocative enough to lead to violence.’
    • ‘The local names are Mpulumba in Bemba and Lunda, Pulumba in Luvale and Ipumbulu in Tabwa.’
    • ‘The papers - Imbila, a Bemba production, Ngoma in Lunda, Luvale and Kaonde, Intanda in Tonga, Lukanga in Lenje and Liseli in Lozi and Tsopano in Nyanja - should help fill the information gap in rural areas.’


  • Relating to the Lunda or their language.

    • ‘At about 11: 00 hours, we were in Mwansabombwe, the home village of Senior Chief Mwata Kazembe the 19th, of the Lunda people.’
    • ‘The government has begun a second phase of the operation, concentrating on the two Lunda provinces, north and south, Malanje and Kwanza South.’
    • ‘The Lunda ruler, unwilling to clarify the situation, sent his daughter Lweji to rule Chavuma.’
    • ‘In those days, Kakoma recalled, the Lunda youths would, on the eve of the Likumbi Lya Mize, pelt the people watching the Kuvumbuka Cha Makishi Ku Mukanda (rising of the Makishi from the grave).’
    • ‘For Lunda and Luvale women, the main purpose of makishi masquerades that appear in the mukanda is to honor and make happy the initiates' mothers.’
    • ‘The celebration is an annual reminder of the victories of Chief Mwata Kazembe of the Lunda people.’
    • ‘Upwards of 100,000 people are involved in this modern-day ‘diamond rush’, which centres on a network of rivers in the Lunda region of north-eastern Angola.’
    • ‘In this version, Lunda began when a wandering hunter from Luba named Cibinda Ilunga met and eventually married Lweji, a Lunda princess, and they in turn founded the great empire.’
    • ‘He presents evidence through Kongo and Lunda case studies that have been subject to frequent revision in response to political developments and contemporary needs.’
    • ‘We get little feel for the inner workings of some of the distinctive political institutions of eastern Lunda rule, like positional succession and perpetual kinship.’


A local name.