One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A member of a Germanic people who invaded Italy in the 6th century.
- ‘By 565, Roman Italy was invaded and overtaken by the Lombards.’
- ‘After the fall of Ancient Rome and the barbarian invasions, Genoa was occupied by the Lombards, a Germanic tribe, in 642.’
- ‘Other modern states are said to have begun with the movements of the Lombards, the Anglo-Saxons and the Magyars.’
- ‘The Lombards thought the city was under a major attack.’
- ‘The Lombards had moved into Italy in the later 500s, destroying what was left of the Gothic kingdom and establishing their own.’
- ‘Across those Alps, in the 6th century, came a Germanic tribe called the Lombards.’
- ‘Before he could return, the Lombards invaded Italy and he hastened to Rome at the request of the Pope.’
- ‘The adoption of fusionist policies by Lombards and Venetians alike proved futile.’
- ‘In 568 the Lombards invaded, a people even more wantonly destructive than the Vandals.’
- ‘The French urged the Lombards to wait, but they could not prevail.’
- ‘He reorganized papal estates for Rome's supply, centralizing their administration through appointments, paid imperial troops, appointed officers, and negotiated with the Lombards.’
- ‘Christianity had grown in influence even before the Lombards came to Italy, and by the end of the seventh century most Lombards were Catholics (perhaps with a tinge of syncretism in many cases).’
2A native of Lombardy in northern Italy.
3The Italian dialect of Lombardy.
Relating to Lombardy, or to the Lombards or their language.
- ‘Upon learning of the Lombard expedition, he set out almost at once, crossing the Bosporus on 24 June and setting out in pursuit.’
- ‘Beltrami's research on Leonardo's Lombard career went hand in hand with his reconstruction and restoration of Leonardo-related architectural sites.’
- ‘Even Ostrogoth and Lombard kings, their barbarian ways tamed by the people they were supposed to have conquered, built houses in Bellagio.’
- ‘Thus there were peasant uprisings throughout the Lombard plains over the summer of 1796, some of them resulting in massacres of isolated French units.’
- ‘Until recently the lender, based in the Lombard city of Lodi, was notable only for its acquisitions of much smaller players.’
- ‘What happened to the Romans under Lombard rule?’
- ‘On Friday, with suitable fanfare, the 29th Alpine World Ski Championships will open in the small Lombard town of Bormio, and over the following fortnight, anybody with a passing interest in ski racing will be in for a treat.’
- ‘The focus of this opera, however, is Bertarido, the exiled Lombard king.’
- ‘This enraged the Lombard king, Desiderius, who immediately began conspiring to harm Charles however he might.’
From Italian lombardo, representing late Latin Langobardus, of Germanic origin, from the base of long + the ethnic name Bardi.
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