Definition of Kushan in English:



  • A member of an Iranian dynasty that invaded the Indian subcontinent and established a powerful empire in the northwest between the 1st and 3rd centuries AD.

    • ‘Most believe Rajputs come from tribes in central Asia such as the Parthians, Kushans, Shakas, and Huns.’
    • ‘In the Far East, coinage developed in India in the 5th century BC through contacts with Persian coinage by Mauryans and Kushans.’
    • ‘But, over the centuries, Persians, Greeks, Parthians, Kushans, and White Huns invaded India.’
    • ‘Many conquests later, the Kushans, a nomadic people from China, swept through central Asia and turned south into the Buddhist districts centered on Gandhara, including Udyana (the Swat Valley) where tantric Buddhism had taken root.’
    • ‘This journey would turn into an epic passage involving many tense battles against the forces of the government seeking to stop the Kushan from reaching and claiming their ancestral birthright.’


  • Relating to the Kushan or their dynasty.

    • ‘Territorially the empire stretched from the Syrian desert, where Roman pressure was checked, to north-west India where the Kushan and Hephthalite empires, having restricted valuable trade routes, were eventually destroyed.’
    • ‘The jewellery of the Kushan and Mauryan periods shows distinct Greek touches.’
    • ‘Sanghol, is a multi-period site with evidence of late Harappan Bara culture and Sunga, Kushan, Gupta and Medieval periods.’
    • ‘Remains of Mauryan, Kushan, and Gupta periods have also been found.’
    • ‘During the time of Kaniska, the Kushan king in fourth century AD, Gandhara became a Buddhist country.’


From Prakrit kuṣāṇa (adjective), from Iranian.