Main definitions of Israel in English

: Israel1Israel2

Israel1

proper noun

  • A country in the Middle East, on the Mediterranean Sea; population 8,100,000 (estimated 2015); capital (not recognized as such by the United Nations), Jerusalem; languages, Hebrew (official), English, and Arabic.

Origin

1940s: from Israel.

Pronunciation

Main definitions of Israel in English

: Israel1Israel2

Israel2

proper noun

  • 1The Hebrew nation or people. According to tradition, they are descended from the patriarch Jacob (also named Israel), whose twelve sons became founders of the twelve tribes of ancient Israel.

  • 2The northern kingdom of the Hebrews (c.930–721 BC), formed after the reign of Solomon, whose inhabitants were carried away to captivity in Assyria.

    See also Judah (sense 2)

Origin

Old English: from Hebrew Yiśrā'ēl ‘he that strives with God’ (see Gen. 32:28).

Pronunciation