Main definitions of inca in English

: inca1Inca2

inca1

noun

  • A South American hummingbird having mainly blackish or bronze-colored plumage with one or two white breast patches.

    • ‘To stay warm, Inca doves (Columbina inca) form groups of up to 12 and stand on each other's backs.’

Pronunciation

inca

/ˈiNGkə/

Main definitions of inca in English

: inca1Inca2

Inca2

noun

  • 1A member of a South American Indian people living in the central Andes before the Spanish conquest.

    • ‘First graders learn about Native Americans, second graders study the Caribbean, third graders learn of the Incas and South America, and fourth and fifth graders focus on the Mayan and Aztec cultures.’
    • ‘Even the sophisticated imperial systems built up by the Aztecs in central Mexico or by the Incas in the Andes proved unable to offer effective military resistance to Spanish assaults.’
    • ‘The Inca, Maya and Aztec cultures all had advanced metallurgy by the time the Spanish arrived.’
    • ‘In 1534, the Spanish arrived and defeated the Inca armies, and Spanish colonists became the new elite.’
    • ‘In that year, the conquest of the Incas in Peru gave the Spaniards strategic positions in the north and south for the subjugation and colonization of Colombia.’
    • ‘Their Aymara and Quechua roots go back to the Inca Empire that was conquered by the Spanish conquistadors 500 years ago.’
    • ‘A myth of the early Incas and other Indians was that a bearded white man had come to teach the Indians and would return.’
    • ‘The potato was originally grown by the Incas in Central and South America, and was brought to Europe in the 16th century by the explorers of the time.’
    • ‘After the Spanish conquest, greedy colonialists began plundering the Inca's realm.’
    • ‘The Incas conquered the central valley in the 15th century, and their communications network included a road from Cuzco to Quito, which they set up as their regional capital.’
    • ‘Donning replicas of Inca tunics, rather than contemporary Andean garb, Quechua Indians reenact the Inca sun-worshiping ceremony.’
    • ‘The Andes, home of the Incas, remain predominantly Indian, the language Quechua spoken more often than Spanish.’
    • ‘Sheridan's Pizarro opens in 1534, with the Spaniard Francisco Pizarro waging a war of conquest against the Inca Empire of Peru.’
    • ‘The brewery may be the oldest large-scale facility of its kind ever found in the Andes and predates the Inca Empire by at least four centuries, he said.’
    • ‘Not like the Inca or Aztec civilizations, Colombian Indians lived in a more compact area.’
    • ‘The Incas in South America followed a similar strategy and built 5,230 km of road running from north to south across 35 degrees of latitude.’
    • ‘The combination of the setting and the architecture is sublime and the best description I know is, appropriately, in John Hemming's classic, The Conquest of the Incas.’
    • ‘The vast Inca wealth made the Andes a target of intense exploration and exploitation.’
    • ‘After the conquest of the Incas, Peru's capital, Lima, became the center of Spain's colonial power structure in the Americas.’
    • ‘Archaeological and anthropological evidence suggests that the sun was also deified by other ancient civilizations including the Druids, Aztecs, Incas and American Indians.’
  • 2The supreme ruler of the Inca.

    • ‘The Inca reigned as absolute monarch, but his will reached the common man only through the local chiefs, whose authority and privileges were maintained, if not reinforced.’
    • ‘The ordinary judges gave a monthly account of the sentences they imposed to their superiors, and they in turn reported to their immediate superiors, and so on finally to the Inca or those of his Supreme Council.’

Origin

The name in Quechua, literally ‘lord, royal person’.

Pronunciation

Inca

/ˈiNGkə//ˈɪŋkə/