One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
The large broad bone forming the upper part of each half of the pelvis.
- ‘This tilting of the pelvis is effected by the gluteal muscles, which connect the ilium of the hip bone to the lower limb.’
- ‘The majority of debridements occurred in the operating room because removal of dead bone required extensive resection of the ilium, sacrum, or trochanter.’
- ‘The iliolumbar ligament, as it's name implies, connect the lower lumbar spine to the ilium at the iliac crest and the inner concave surface of the iliac fossa.’
- ‘The two coxal bones grow from three separate bones, the ilium, ischium, and pubis.’
- ‘The acetabulum is a hemispherical socket formed in the os coxae (ie, bony pelvis) of a newborn where the ilium, ischium, and pubis bones come together.’
Late Middle English (originally in the Greek form ilion, and denoting the ileum): from Latin, singular of ilia ‘flanks, entrails’. Current senses date from the late 16th century.
- alternative name for Troy, especially the 7th-century BC Greek city
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