Main definitions of ilium in English

: ilium1Ilium2

ilium1

noun

  • The large broad bone forming the upper part of each half of the pelvis.

    • ‘This tilting of the pelvis is effected by the gluteal muscles, which connect the ilium of the hip bone to the lower limb.’
    • ‘The majority of debridements occurred in the operating room because removal of dead bone required extensive resection of the ilium, sacrum, or trochanter.’
    • ‘The iliolumbar ligament, as it's name implies, connect the lower lumbar spine to the ilium at the iliac crest and the inner concave surface of the iliac fossa.’
    • ‘The two coxal bones grow from three separate bones, the ilium, ischium, and pubis.’
    • ‘The acetabulum is a hemispherical socket formed in the os coxae (ie, bony pelvis) of a newborn where the ilium, ischium, and pubis bones come together.’

Origin

Late Middle English (originally in the Greek form ilion, and denoting the ileum): from Latin, singular of ilia ‘flanks, entrails’. Current senses date from the late 16th century.

Pronunciation

ilium

/ˈɪliəm//ˈilēəm/

Main definitions of ilium in English

: ilium1Ilium2

Ilium2

proper noun

  • alternative name for Troy, especially the 7th-century BC Greek city

Pronunciation

Ilium

/ˈilēəm//ˈɪliəm/