Definition of Hittite in English:

Hittite

noun

  • 1A member of an ancient people who established an empire in Asia Minor and Syria that flourished from c.1700 to c.1200 BC.

    • ‘There is a strange letter from a Queen of Egypt of this era, probably Ankhesenamum, to the King of the Hittites.’
    • ‘The earliest Armenian history was related to the Hittites and the Urartians as well as with the peoples of Mesopotamia.’
    • ‘The origins of these words can be traced to the Hittites, among whose historical documents is a reference to the Hayasa.’
    • ‘After the decline of the Hittites, the region was colonized by the Greeks, and later by the Persians after the Persian Wars.’
    • ‘Many historians think that the Hittites were the only people who ever actually invented iron - everybody else got it through cultural diffusion.’
    • ‘Rollerskates only increase the mystery of the ancient Hittites.’
    • ‘We have a history of the region, which, in a sense, goes back to the Hittites; goes back earlier, to other things of a similar nature.’
    • ‘After the Bronze Age, Amorites, Western Semites, Hyksos and Hittites successively invaded the area.’
    • ‘It was built in around 1, 300BC by the feared King Ramesses II - who famously defeated the Hittites at the Battle of Kadesh.’
    • ‘The mythical Assyrian empire was often cited in this regard, as was that of the legendary Hittites.’
    • ‘She was a Babylonian princess sent over as a peace offering from our sworn enemies, the Hittites.’
    • ‘The Hittites, the Minoans, and other early civilizations left drawings of swimming and diving skills.’
    • ‘The Hittites, who had a lunar calendar, believed the world would end about 100 B.C., when it reached an even number.’
    • ‘Among the Hittites, the Anatolian civilization in western Turkey in the second millennium bc, a grape harvesting festival took place every year.’
    • ‘The Capital of the Hittites was in Asia-Minor and it was called Hatttusa.’
    • ‘The Egyptians, Phoenicians and Hittites practised it as a special ritual in conjunction with the presentation of the dowry.’
    • ‘The Hittites developed the caves as a nice hideout network, where they built clever doorways and traps to thwart invaders.’
    • ‘Note however, that the earliest mention of engineer soldiers is attributed to the Hittites as early as 1600 BC.’
    1. 1.1A subject of the Hittite empire or one of their descendants, including the members of a Canaanite or Syrian people mentioned in the Bible (11th to 8th century BC)
      • ‘Another man named Beeri, a Hittite, was the father of one of the wives of Esau.’
      • ‘After turning Uriah the Hittite into canon fodder in order to have his way with the man's wife, Bathsheba, David thinks that he has gotten away with murder.’
      • ‘Lybians in the west, Nubians in the South, Bedouin everywhere and now there is word of a nation called the Hittites.’
      • ‘Abraham bought a burial cave from the Hittites, and Sarah was interred there.’
      • ‘Much of that literature has also been found in translation in other contemporary societies of the Near East, such as the literature of the Hittites and the Canaanites.’
      • ‘She is the wife of one of his generals, Uriah, the Hittite, who is away at war.’
      • ‘So the field and the cave in it were deeded to Abraham by the Hittites as a burial site.’
      • ‘The children of Heth - Hittites - are seated; Abraham, an old man, probably as white-bearded as most of us think of him, stands and bows.’
      • ‘The conquest of the state of Mitanni in the late 14th century by the Hittites had created a crucial border zone between their empire and the Egyptians.’
  • 2The Anatolian language of the Hittites, the earliest attested Indo-European language. Written in both hieroglyphic and cuneiform scripts, it was deciphered in the early 20th century.

    • ‘It exists today in myriad, fragmented Sumerian, Hittite, Babylonian, and other versions that scholars have had to piece together.’
    • ‘There is a long history of comparing Hittite and Assyrian treaties with Old Testament covenant passages.’
    • ‘The paper dates the initial divergence of the Indo-European language family to 8700 years ago, with Hittite as the first language to split off.’
    • ‘Need I add that some of these things were as intelligible to me as Hittite tablets by the time that day arrived?’
    • ‘For example, roaming their tunnels, he's encountered virtually the same word for ‘honey’ in Hittite, Greek and Russian languages.’
    • ‘The structure of Old Irish, says Professor Watkins, can be compared only with that of Vedic Sanskrit or Hittite of the Old Kingdom.’

adjective

  • Relating to the Hittites, their empire, or their language.

    • ‘The children were excused from drawing the Hittite carvings at Carchemish with me because of the mumps.’
    • ‘After Esav marries a Hittite woman, the Pasuk indicates that he was rebellious to both his father and his mother.’
    • ‘She showed me some of the eighteen rooms, repositories of Byzantine, Hittite and Palmyrene relics.’
    • ‘After the collapse of the Hittite empire around 1200 bc the site was abandoned until the mid 1st millennium bc.’
    • ‘Clay, wood and stone are his mediums while he draws inspiration from Indian, Egyptian, Hittite and Inca traditions.’
    • ‘In the Old Babylon version, as well as the Hittite version, Enkidu is raised by the animals and suckled on their milk.’
    • ‘Steel of a sort was made by the Hittite smiths, by hammering and heating the iron in contact with charcoal: a process called cementation.’
    • ‘She then pleads with the Hittite ruler, even though the two lands were enemies at the time, to send one of his sons to be her husband.’
    • ‘This must have been a recurrent feature of the Hittite scapegoats, since in the prescription of Uhhamuwa a crowned ram has to be sent away.’
    • ‘Egyptian reliefs generally show Hittite chariots as heavier than their own, carrying a three-man crew.’
    • ‘The highly mobile Egyptian archers on the back of chariots were able to defeat the Hittite army.’
    • ‘This ‘Succession Myth’ has striking parallels in Akkadian and Hittite texts, and seems originally to have come from the near east.’
    • ‘This brought Egypt into conflict with the equally expansionist Hittite empire.’
    • ‘Also, the early Hittite capital Boghazkoy had predug tunnels to allow for defensive sorties against any prospective besiegers.’
    • ‘However, now that we do have Hittite artificats, we can refute that line of argument.’

Origin

From Hebrew Ḥittīm, ultimately from Hittite Ḫatti.

Pronunciation:

Hittite

/ˈhitīt/