Definition of Greek in US English:

Greek

adjective

  • Relating to Greece, its people, or their language.

    Compare with Hellenic
    • ‘Feta cheese is the Greek cheese; in northern Greece if the recipe just says ‘cheese’ it means feta.’
    • ‘The visitor to Greece rarely leaves without experiencing Greek hospitality.’
    • ‘From 1982 on, schools have combined to stage Latin and Greek plays in their original languages in a Classical Drama Festival, held every ten years.’
    • ‘In fact, some sections of the book were so crude and historically distorted that the publishers omitted them from the Greek language edition.’
    • ‘The sculpture was manufactured in Melbourne, home to the artist and the world's largest Greek population outside Greece.’
    • ‘It is common ground that a similar rule applies in Greece to Greek proceedings.’
    • ‘I found that my local public library has a half-dozen Greek language programs with cassette tapes and books that borrowers can take home.’
    • ‘In that framework Greek language has played, and continues to play, a significant role in the sphere of knowledge acquisition.’
    • ‘Many Greeks write emails in Latin characters even though computers are sold with Greek language software.’
    • ‘The majority of the students enrol for Classical Studies rather than the Latin or Greek language.’
    • ‘He told the Greek ambassador that Greece had acted in haste.’
    • ‘Melbourne is the largest Greek speaking city outside Greece, and Greek pride in the city has never been so strong.’
    • ‘The Greek language dominated during the early years but gave way in due course to Latin.’
    • ‘Many Jews also lived in the city and adopted Greek ways and language.’
    • ‘Each is an epic journey of passion, honour and dishonour, rooted in the pages of Greek mythology, with strong language and violence.’
    • ‘There is a brief introduction to Greece and Greek civilisation.’
    • ‘The Greek language was used in public worship and in state affairs throughout Bulgaria.’
    • ‘That was real Greek cooking, real Greece, something everyone should go looking for.’
    • ‘The Greek language uses a different word for lust.’
    • ‘This conversation would have been in the Greek language, presumably?’

noun

  • 1A native or inhabitant of modern Greece, or a person of Greek descent.

    • ‘One third of the population - Greeks as well as Turks - were forced to leave their homes.’
    • ‘She spent long years in exile and became a symbol for Greeks all over the world as well as for Greek national music.’
    • ‘The impact of the story on Greece and Greeks would be hard to exaggerate.’
    • ‘Turks, Arabs, Greeks, Armenians, Slavs, and Jews were represented.’
    • ‘Petko was popular among ethnic Bulgarians, Turks and Greeks because he defended the rights of all poor among them.’
    • ‘It turned out she was Turkish Cypriot and had had an affair with a Greek Cypriot, and because Turks and Greeks didn't get on back then, her friends disowned her.’
    • ‘It is the home of various people including Albanians, Vlachs, Greeks, Serbs, Bulgars, and Turks.’
    • ‘For the Greeks it is a matter of national pride, and over the next three weeks Athens will have to prove itself capable of hosting the modern games.’
    • ‘Other minority populations in Armenia include Russians, Greeks, and Jews.’
    • ‘Typical of the Greeks ' modern cuisine are feta cheese and retsina wine.’
    • ‘We had Croatians, Italians, Greeks, etc., and it was a very diverse cultural mix.’
    • ‘At weekends, parties of Greeks descend from Athens, three and a half hours away by car.’
    • ‘The Turks and Greeks have made much of the lemon in their cooking, using it both as marinade and dressing.’
    • ‘In American folklore, however, the same activity is associated with modern Greeks.’
    • ‘The ancient Macedonians were considered non-Greek but are claimed as co-nationals by the modern Greeks.’
    • ‘The Greeks like the idea of backgammon, a national obsession, or paradosiaki hori, their traditional dancing.’
    • ‘According to official figures, 98% of Greeks are Greek Orthodox Christians.’
    • ‘But the Finns, like the French and Greeks and Irish and the rest of them are quite happy with the euro.’
    • ‘Groups of ethnic Greeks and Turks waved at each other as they walked across the buffer zone that 24 hours earlier had been a no-man's land.’
    • ‘Scots regard whisky as a more traditional drink, while Spaniards, Greeks, Thais and Americans view it as trendy.’
    1. 1.1 A Greek-speaking person in the ancient world, especially a native of one of the city states of Greece and the eastern Mediterranean.
      • ‘On a spiritual level, the 4th century witnessed a permanent change in the attitudes of all Greeks.’
      • ‘In principle the human and the divine spheres were considered by the ancient Greeks to be separate, unequal, and untransgressible.’
      • ‘It provided a material and political base of cultural achievement that rivaled the Greeks under Pericles.’
      • ‘To be sure, they inhabited the same world as the Hellenistic Greeks.’
      • ‘In 130 BC the Romans overcame the Greeks and Greece became part of the Roman Empire.’
      • ‘How can the ideas of the ancient Greeks and modern researchers in education apply to school facilities?’
      • ‘Sometimes they meet and merge, as the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern systems did when the Greeks and Persians began to war with each other.’
      • ‘Honey has long been a popular infection fighter, going back to the days of the Ancient Egyptians and Greeks, who used it to treat burns, cuts and ulcers.’
      • ‘It was arrogant pretension of the ancient Greeks to imagine that barbarians were slaves by nature.’
      • ‘The ancient Greeks did not really see two distinct worlds in the lives of the citizenry.’
      • ‘Most gods were common to all Greeks but each city-state also had their own patron deity.’
      • ‘A good knowledge of the past was likewise important, for the humanists idolized the Romans and Greeks.’
      • ‘Unlike Rome, but like the Greeks, the Carthaginians also made extensive use of mercenaries.’
      • ‘She learned the secrets that kept the Greeks ahead of other nations.’
      • ‘Athena and Hera dress for battle to aid the Greeks and descend to the field in a chariot.’
      • ‘The ancient Greeks awarded crowns, the Romans torques and decorative discs.’
      • ‘The ancient Greeks eagerly consulted oracles for answers to all sorts of questions they had about the future.’
      • ‘The original games were the largest single gathering of Greeks in the ancient world.’
      • ‘To the ancient Greeks, there were simple explanations to all these questions - it was the gods!’
      • ‘Expressions of this technique are found among the ancient Egyptians, Hindus, Greeks and Chinese.’
  • 2The ancient or modern language of Greece, the only representative of the Hellenic branch of the Indo-European family.

    The ancient form of Greek was spoken in the southern Balkan peninsula from the 2nd millennium BC. The Greek alphabet, used from the 1st millennium BC onwards, was adapted from the Phoenician alphabet. The dialect of classical Athens formed the basis of the standard dialect (koinē) from the 3rd century BC onwards, and this remained as a literary language during the periods of the Byzantine Empire and Turkish rule (see katharevousa). The colloquial language, however, continued to evolve independently (see demotic)

    • ‘The official language is Romanian, which has Latin roots that date back to the Roman occupation of the area but also contains words from Greek, Slavic languages, and Turkish.’
    • ‘The carved inscriptions on the Stone included hieroglyphics - the written language of ancient Egypt - and Greek, which was readily understood.’
    • ‘Inscription are also found in different languages such as German, Chinees, Greek, Arabic and many other languages.’
    • ‘The accents and other diacritical marks we now use to write ancient Greek are comparatively late inventions.’
    • ‘Dozens of theater companies in Athens, Thessaloniki, and other areas, perform contemporary works and ancient dramas in modern Greek.’
    • ‘The new languages include Czech, Danish, Dutch, Greek, Hungarian, Norwegian, Polish and Swedish.’
    • ‘Every generation, poets and scholars try their hands at translating Homer from ancient Greek into modern languages.’
    • ‘About 98 percent of Greece's people speak Greek as their first language.’
    • ‘Being very near to the centre of Hellenistic world, Greek remained the main language of book writing at Alexandria.’
    • ‘As the Arab Empire grew, Arabic replaced the Aramaic, Coptic, Greek, and Latin languages and became the main instrument of Arab culture.’
    • ‘In the Hellenistic era Greek was introduced and spoken along with Aramaic.’
    • ‘He was a man of immense learning, with a wide knowledge of the sciences and of languages: Greek, Hebrew, and Aramaic.’
    • ‘I have a major in classical languages, Greek and Ancient Hebrew, and a minor in Philosophy.’
    • ‘It is written in two languages: Greek and Latin.’
    • ‘Tyndale was a brilliant translator who knew eight languages including Greek, the language of the New Testament and Hebrew, the language of the Old.’
    • ‘Like all other languages, Greek has its unique characteristics.’
    • ‘Many of the letters used in writing these languages are derived from ancient Greek.’
    • ‘I am skilled in many languages including Latin, Greek, Aramaic and Demotic.’
    • ‘This second translation will be from their stronger language, English, into their weaker language, Greek.’
    • ‘Talented scientists translated and preserved ancient Greek, Persian and Indian manuscripts.’
  • 3US A member of a fraternity or sorority having a Greek-letter name.

    • ‘Fraternity and sorority members strive to be above the all undergraduate grade point average each semester. National trends prove that Greek members stay in college and are more likely to obtain a degree than non-Greek students.’
    • ‘The annual tradition, always held in April, unifies and bonds Greek members, as well as raises awareness of campus life and the organizations available to students.’
    • ‘Going Greek is one of the best decisions a student can make if he or she seeks leadership opportunities.’
    • ‘Membership in the Order of Omega is extended only to those Greek juniors and seniors who, in addition to having achieved academic excellence, also have a history of leadership and service in the WPI community.’
    • ‘Since 1900, two-thirds of members of Presidential Cabinets have been Greek members.’

Phrases

  • it's (all) Greek to me

    • informal I can't understand it at all.

      • ‘As for Panathinaikos… well, it's all Greek to me.’
      • ‘On close examination, some of the numbers or symbols (it's all Greek to me) had been rubbed out with a finger and replaced.’
      • ‘‘I didn't know what they were… it's all Greek to me,’ he joked.’
      • ‘Yeah, yeah, I know - man the noble athlete still carrying the torch and all that - but to be honest it's all Greek to me.’
      • ‘As I would say constantly throughout my first year of high school, "it's all Greek to me."’
  • beware of Greeks bearing gifts

    • proverb If a rival or enemy shows one generosity or kindness, one should be suspicious of their motives.

      • ‘Government also seems to have realised that it should beware the Greeks bearing gifts.’
      • ‘“Beware the Greeks bearing gifts,” he cries, hurling a spear into its side.’
      • ‘As the measure has been drawn by the most experienced and devoted friends of the reform, there is no occasion to fear the "Greeks bearing gifts" in this instance.’
      • ‘The only antidote to this kind of thing that I can think of, is the folklore wisdom contained in "Beware the Greeks bearing gifts."’
      • ‘During the discussion in the Senate and House, the principle, "Fear the Greeks bearing gifts," was introduced and reiterated with emphasis.’

Origin

Old English Grēcas ‘the Greeks’, from Latin Graeci, the name given by the Romans to the people who called themselves the Hellenes, from Greek Graikoi, which according to Aristotle was the prehistoric name of the Hellenes.

Pronunciation

Greek

/ɡrēk//ɡrik/