Definition of Fulani in US English:



  • 1A member of a people living in a region of West Africa from Senegal to northern Nigeria and Cameroon. They are traditionally nomadic cattle herders of Muslim faith.

    • ‘This group, several million strong, consists of ethnic Hausa and Fulani whose ancestors were from Nigeria, Mali and Niger and settled in Sudan either on their way to Mecca or as labourers for colonial-era cotton schemes.’
    • ‘In September and December 2002 the Fulani were reported to have suffered heavy losses during attacks upon them.’
    • ‘Originating from the Fulani of Northern Nigeria, the dance is performed with rattles on the dancers' feet.’
    • ‘To the east live the Fulani (also known as the Peul), who, with 36 percent of the total population, are considered the largest ethnic group in the country.’
    • ‘The black African group includes the Fulani, Soninke, and Bambara.’
    • ‘The visitor season in Niger begins in September with the Cure Salle festival at Ingal, a natural meeting point between the cattle-grazing Fulani and the Tuareg lands to the north.’
    • ‘Reisman's work among the Fulani provides another example.’
    • ‘Beginning in 1966 there were pogroms by Hausa and Fulani in northern Nigeria against Nigerians who had moved there for work from the more developed south.’
    • ‘Ahmadou Ahidjo, a French-educated Fulani, was chosen president of the federation in 1961.’
    • ‘The dry, open grasslands of the savanna make cereal farming and herding a way of life for the Hausa and the Fulani.’
    • ‘Tuareg, Fulani, Berbers, Soninke, and Songhai lived side by side, in peace and harmony, bound together by their belief in Allah, the Qur'ân and the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad.’
    • ‘The subtitle of the volume proclaims a study of the Fulani in Ghana.’
    • ‘Despite the ban, the practice has become increasingly prevalent, especially among the Fulani, Mandingo and Fula tribes of southern Casamance province.’
    • ‘There, in 1898, he raised the West African Frontier Force, which prevented French and German expansion in the area, and defeated the Fulani.’
    • ‘The social structure of the pastoral Fulani is egalitarian, in marked contrast to that of other Muslim groups, such as the Hausa, and to most sedentary Fulani.’
    • ‘Among the nomadic Fulani, there are many stories pertaining to their cattle and migrations.’
    • ‘The southerners were the victim of a tradition of slave raiding by such northern groups as the Barma, Fulani, Bagirmi, Tubu, and Maba; this has left deep scars in the fabric of Chadian society.’
    • ‘Low levels also occur in other populations that rely extensively on milk in their diet (like the Fulani of Western Africa, and it is believed, Khoi pastoralists of Southern Africa).’
    • ‘The findings from the blood samples showed that the daily protein intake of the Fulani was higher than U.S.-recommended levels.’
  • 2

    another term for Fula
    • ‘The major languages are English (official language), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, and Fulani.’
    • ‘Oh it's beautiful Lots of singers, mainly sing in the Wolof language But Balanta, Balanta is from the people of tribes who sing in the Fulani language.’


  • Relating to the Fulani or their language.

    • ‘By far the majority of these conflicts have been in the northern region between Hausa and Fulani Muslims and Christians.’
    • ‘Scottish explorer of west Africa, Clapperton revealed the Fulani empire and tried to solve the problem of the Niger's course and termination.’
    • ‘The following year, Christian Tarok farmers killed the cattle of the nomadic Muslim Fulani herders, and this then led to revenge attacks on a number of Christian villages.’
    • ‘Today, some estimate as many as 18 million Fulani people stretch across the countries of West Africa.’
    • ‘The taking of Kano by the West African Frontier Force signalled the end of the Fulani empire in West Africa.’
    • ‘Today, traditional Fulani culture is disappearing and leaving the Fulani in many places marginalised.’
    • ‘In the northern area, the mainly Muslim Hausa and Fulani peoples were the recruiting ground for the military elite, a situation that continues to this day.’
    • ‘In Northern Nigeria Muslim chiefs of the Fulani tribes maintained a conservative rule over the majority of the country's Hausa population.’
    • ‘The attackers are thought to have been mainly ethnic Fulani Muslims, although the guerrilla tactics used in the assault suggest Islamist fighters from Chad and Niger may also have been involved.’
    • ‘Her chapter begins with a startling accession document concerning a royal scepter originally commissioned to commemorate the victory of the Kom over northern Fulani invaders in 1830.’
    • ‘Among Fulani herders, young men engage in soro, a competitive game in which a man violently hits his partner on the chest with a large stick.’
    • ‘Hooper remembers reviewing a proposal by a Christian agency to send veterinarians to help impoverished Fulani cattle herders in West Africa.’
    • ‘Several precolonial empires had an impact on Niger, including the Songhai to the west and the Bornu Empire to the east as well as the Fulani Empire of Sokoto.’
    • ‘They began migrating across Africa and gave birth to children who founded the various Fulani groups.’
    • ‘Benin is also home to Fulani herders known locally as the Peul.’
    • ‘Within two decades, parts of the Oyo Empire, Bornu, and Nupe were added by conquest to the Fulani Empire.’
    • ‘Plateau and other nearby states are often the scene of fighting between mainly Muslim Fulani herdsmen and Christian villagers over religious differences and grazing rights for livestock.’
    • ‘In Cameroon, Christians helped defuse a conflict between the nomadic Fulani people and the Mambila people.’


The name in Hausa.