Definition of Finland in US English:


proper noun

  • A country on the Baltic Sea, between Sweden and Russia; population 5,500,000 (estimated 2015); capital, Helsinki; official languages, Finnish and Swedish.

    Finnish name Suomi

The northern third of the country lies within the Arctic Circle. Long an area of Swedish–Russian rivalry, Finland was ceded to Russia in 1809 but became an independent republic after the Russian Revolution of 1917. Wars with the former Soviet Union were fought in 1939–40 and 1941–4. Finland joined the European Union in 1995