Main definitions of fez in English

: fez1Fez2



  • A flat-topped conical red hat with a black tassel on top, worn by men in some Muslim countries (formerly the Turkish national headdress)

    • ‘Thus the Bulgarian state targeted the observable markers of Muslim manhood: the fez (a type of hat) and the practice of circumcision.’
    • ‘Numbering more than 30 items so far, each measuring 4 or 5 inches across, the series includes baseball caps, party hats, a fez, a motorcycle helmet and a hat with the Act Up logo on it.’
    • ‘Ataturk also outlawed the traditional fez, a brimless, cone-shaped, red hat and made brimmed felt hats mandatory, because with them on men could not touch their foreheads to the ground in prayer.’
    • ‘The fez, the red cap worn by many Turks, conveyed social standing and, because it lacked a brim, made it possible for its wearer to touch the ground with his forehead when saying prayers.’
    • ‘Men wear the shirwal (baggy black pants that fit at the shin), high black boots, white blousy shirts, dark vests, and a fez.’
    • ‘In rural areas, men may still wear the fez, a traditional Turkish cap, and a colorful cloth belt.’
    • ‘The shape in those days was that of a Turkish fez, something like that of the confections later known as sultanes.’
    • ‘But both in their time were seen as symbols of opposition to the modern Turkish state; the fez because of its links to the old Ottoman empire, the headscarf because of its symbolism of Islamic piety.’
    • ‘He had to wear a uniform: A fez with a tassel on it and a baggy suit of many colors.’
    • ‘It is difficult for us to see any reason why a Jew may not wear his yarmulke in court, a Sikh his turban, a Muslim woman her chador, or a Moor his fez.’
    • ‘A more traditional, perhaps ceremonial, hat is the fez, worn by older upper-class men.’
    • ‘On the way back I passed an old man riding a motorcycle, wearing a blue plaid lungi, dingy white shirt, and a tall red fez with a black tassel.’
    • ‘Arabic influences are strong, especially along the coast where the fez (a type of hat) and turban are commonplace.’
    • ‘There was a camel corps from India, the Dyak police from Borneo, Muslim zaptiehs in their red fezzes, soldiers from Fiji, Egypt, Sierra Leone, Zanzibar and many more.’
    • ‘Traditionally, older men wore breeches, a cummerbund, a striped shirt, a vest, and even a fez, a hat that was usually red.’
    • ‘Turbans, fezzes, yarmulkes and black lace veils, or mantillas, joined the zucchettos or skull caps of Catholic prelates on the basilica's steps in an extraordinary mix of religious and government leaders from around the world.’
    • ‘He wore a black achkan and a red fez with a black tassel, and was amazingly dignified.’
    • ‘The traditional headgear for Moroccan men is the fez, named after the Moroccan city of the same name.’
    • ‘He abolished the Arabic script, made the Turks abandon the fez and turban for Western hats, stripped the veils from the faces of Turkish women and even accepted that those who were nominally Muslim had a right to drink alcohol.’
    • ‘When the fez was banned and the Panama hat went out of fashion, the veil was turned into a signifier for the supposed incommensurability between Islam and modern nationhood.’


Early 19th century: from Turkish fes (perhaps via French fez), named after Fez, once the chief place of manufacture.




Main definitions of fez in English

: fez1Fez2


(also Fès)

proper noun

  • A city in northern Morocco, founded in 808; population 977,946 (2004)