Definition of Estonian in English:

Estonian

adjective

  • Relating to Estonia or its people or their language.

    • ‘The then 34-year-old lost all contact with his Estonian family and spent five fruitless decades searching for them.’
    • ‘Recently the judiciary committee of the Estonian parliament was compelled to state that it would be impossible to vote on a treaty that was ‘neither authentic nor complete’.’
    • ‘They gathered an army of popular Estonian bands to play all night for thousands of teens who danced and screamed and waved their mobiles in the air.’
    • ‘Sightseeing round the old town later on, they encountered a group of Estonian skinheads coming the other way.’
    • ‘An economic policy memorandum recently presented to the Estonian government by the International Monetary Fund recommends the early privatization of 30 per cent of the port.’
    • ‘The law was amended before it was passed, making citizenship available to residents who passed Estonian language tests.’
    • ‘The first book in the Estonian language was produced in 1525.’
    • ‘He's a nice guy and we chatted for nearly two hours about his work, my work, Tarantino's work and the work of Arvo Part, an Estonian composer.’
    • ‘It is all very authentic, very Estonian, and a great way to start the weekend.’
    • ‘One of the most interesting upcoming events is the visit from Estonian animator Priit Parn on September 27.’
    • ‘Violations of Estonian airspace ended suddenly when NATO airplanes started to patrol Estonian airspace.’
    • ‘Just be a bit more outward-looking and let people understand that Lithuanian, Estonian, Polish, Hungarian, Romanian and Turkish films are a pretty good thing.’
    • ‘If you want Estonian food, there are gloriously snug cellars where you can load up on pork, potatoes and onion.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, Estonian midfielder Mark Shvets will miss tomorrow's clash in Lisbon because of a knee injury.’
    • ‘I've grown up with some Estonian customs and food, but I really don't know that much about the culture.’
    • ‘By that time I had learned he was Estonian by birth, dedicated strongly to his faith, and apparently had quite a reputation in the modern classical world.’
    • ‘Look, here's an election-winning idea: adopt the Estonian policy of not taxing company profits that are reinvested in the company.’
    • ‘The competition is based on a Finnish legend, but in recent years it has been dominated by Estonian couples.’
    • ‘The pilot announced that we would have to divert to Pskov, a run-down garrison town near the Estonian border, 100 miles to the south.’
    • ‘Here he compares and contrasted Finnish and Estonian farming methods with those in operation in Ireland.’

noun

  • 1A native or inhabitant of Estonia, or a person of Estonian descent.

    • ‘Poles, Lithuanians, Latvians, and Estonians suffered as others had before them.’
    • ‘‘I am really looking forward to the Irish event,’ said the 28-year-old Estonian.’
    • ‘Being a second generation Estonian, I would like to point out that Estonians had the same atrocities committed against them.’
    • ‘Fortunately, Lithuanians - as well as Estonians and Latvians - understood this game.’
    • ‘In August 1989 two million Lithuanians, Latvians and Estonians formed a human chain that stretched north from Vilnius to Tallinn.’
    • ‘Other ethnic groups often found in Latvia include Belarussians, Estonians, Germans, Gypsies, Jews, Lithuanians, Poles, and Ukrainians.’
    • ‘I am an Estonian, I am a mother, I am a grandmother.’
    • ‘We talk to Finns, Estonians and various other Europeans.’
    • ‘As with many other European groups, Estonians have colorful regional costumes that immigrants sometimes brought with them, but these are worn only on special occasions, such as ethnic celebrations or festivals.’
    • ‘Finns had a more positive attitude toward it than Estonians and Russians did.’
    • ‘Now, travel is common, with many Estonians visiting the close-by Scandinavian countries or Germany.’
    • ‘Many Estonians and Latvians see their Russian neighbors as colonizers whose loyalties are uncertain and whose presence in such large numbers threatens the political security and ethnic identity of their nations.’
    • ‘At this time native Estonians and Latvians were beginning to settle in the towns, and from this new class there emerged nationalist and revolutionary groups.’
    • ‘Four groups of people lived peacefully side-by-side, Estonians, Russians, German and Jews.’
    • ‘The British, the Swedes and the Estonians agree.’
    • ‘The immigrants were seen as occupiers and colonists, and relations between Estonians and Russians are still strained.’
    • ‘Only 33 per cent of Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians think membership ‘is a good thing’.’
  • 2The Finno-Ugric language of Estonia, closely related to Finnish.

    • ‘The official language is Estonian, with Russian also widely spoken.’
    • ‘English is widely spoken because so few non-Finns speak Finnish, a tongue that has no link to any other Scandinavian language, but is akin to Estonian and Hungarian, yet understood by neither.’
    • ‘Millions of people will continue to speak Italian, Greek, Latvian, Estonian, Lithuanian, Vietnamese, Lebanese and the world's many other languages when they die out in Australia.’
    • ‘Deterred by the prospect of finding interpreters who could deal with such combinations as Portuguese to Estonian or Finnish to Slovene, Brussels ruled new translators only need to render documents into English, French and German.’
    • ‘Finnish is not related to any of the major European languages, although it resembles Estonian.’
    • ‘Before they could interview the people involved properly, the police had to find language experts who could translate between Estonian, Lithuanian and English.’
    • ‘If anyone can speak Estonian and tell me what the rest means, please do.’
    • ‘In the 1970s and the 1980s, many of Billy Graham's books were translated into Estonian, even without any hope of publishing them officially.’
    • ‘Always impressed by the great distance eels are fated to swim, I wondered where Eastern European eels go for breeding season, so I pull out an old encyclopedia, in Estonian.’
    • ‘‘Finding interpreters who can go from Hungarian into Estonian won't be easy,’ frets one official.’
    • ‘He writes his own lyrics, but it's virtually impossible to say in what language as he borrows words from Estonian, Finnish, and even throws in his own made-up vocabulary.’
    • ‘More people know Irish than Maltese, Latvian or Estonian, the protestors claimed.’
    • ‘Instead, it is more like Finnish, Estonian, and a few languages spoken in remote parts of Russia.’
    • ‘Of course, the Baltic minorities are not only Russians but Ukrainians, Belarusians, and Jews - in a word, everyone who does not speak Estonian, Latvian, and Lithuanian.’
    • ‘Many countries will be represented in this concert as the group will sing in a number of languages including Spanish, French, Estonian, German and Latin.’

Pronunciation

Estonian

/eˈstōnēən//ɛˈstoʊniən/