Definition of Ebola in US English:

Ebola

noun

  • An infectious and frequently fatal disease marked by fever and severe internal bleeding, spread through contact with infected body fluids by a filovirus (Ebola virus), whose normal host species is unknown.

    ‘he developed symptoms similar to those of Ebola and sought medication at the hospital’
    ‘an outbreak of Ebola fever in the country may have killed up to 36 people’
    • ‘Both Marburg and Ebola are hemorrhagic fevers, which means they cause bleeding from multiple organs within the body.’
    • ‘Are we really ready for another epidemic like Ebola?’
    • ‘Then came Herpes simplex, Hepatitis B and C, HIV, Ebola, West Nile virus, and others.’
    • ‘The recent outbreak of Ebola haemorrhagic fever in the Gulu district of Uganda is continuing to claim lives.’
    • ‘And the most devastating infection in the world is not Ebola or Lyme disease, West Nile virus or even HIV, but tuberculosis.’
    • ‘I am writing about an illness which is more infectious than Ebola and which lurks in almost every office.’
    • ‘From the rainforests they unleashed biological controls like machupo, Ebola and Dengue haemorrhagic fever.’
    • ‘We conquered measles, mumps and polio, and up cropped AIDS, Ebola and SARS.’
    • ‘In May 2004 I was part of an international team that responded to an outbreak of Ebola haemorrhagic fever in South Sudan.’
    • ‘The Marbug virus causes a deadly hemorrhagic fever which is similar to Ebola.’
    • ‘The mechanism of transmission of Ebola isn't completely understood.’
    • ‘For most of us the scariest disease isn't pneumonia, it isn't the terrifying Ebola, or even AIDS.’
    • ‘A severe haemorrhagic fever akin to Ebola, the Marburg virus spreads on contact with body fluids such as blood, urine, excrement, vomit and saliva.’
    • ‘The cases have occurred in the same area that had 32 confirmed cases and 20 deaths from Ebola haemorrhagic fever earlier this year.’
    • ‘First, Ebola not only infects apes, it kills people too.’
    • ‘Hantavirus, Ebola and Hendra are just a few other new diseases to recently emerge in humans.’
    • ‘Lassa fever presents with symptoms and signs indistinguishable from those of febrile illnesses such as malaria and other viral haemorrhagic fevers such as Ebola.’

Origin

1976: named after a river in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire), near which the disease was first observed.

Pronunciation

Ebola

/iˈboʊlə//ēˈbōlə/