One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A fungal disease of elm trees that is spread by elm bark beetles. A virulent strain of the fungus that arose in North America in the early 20th century has destroyed the majority of American elms in many areas.
The disease is caused by the fungus Ceratocystis ulmi, phylum Ascomycota
- ‘It used to grow in a number of places scattered around Britain, but in the last 30 years it has declined dramatically, due to air pollution from sulphur dioxide followed by Dutch elm disease.’
- ‘We have a tradition of associating diseases (often wrongly) with foreign parts - Dutch elm disease, German measles, Spanish flu.’
- ‘Secondly, old hedgerow trees are often in short supply, partly due to the effects of Dutch elm disease in the 1970s.’
- ‘Another well known exotic is Dutch elm disease, a fungus that actually originated in Asia, came through Europe and on to North America where it has resulted in the death of many native elms in the US and Canada.’
- ‘Previous research has documented the effects of chestnut blight, Dutch elm disease, ash yellows, oak wilt, and beech bark disease on tree diameter distributions in eastern deciduous forests.’
- ‘We have lost too many champions to Dutch elm disease, chestnut blight, and oak wilt to believe that.’
- ‘We have an American elm that has had, and perhaps is still suffering with, Dutch elm disease.’
- ‘The only benefit of wound dressings is to prevent introduction of pathogens in the specific cases of Dutch elm disease and oak wilt.’
- ‘The outlook is just as dire on the West Coast, where the frightening sudden oak death is knocking off a host of species and raising the specter of Dutch elm disease - which robbed this country of its lovely American elm - on a much larger scale.’
- ‘The national co-champion American elm, a beautiful, classically shaped elm that graced a field in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, died after a two-year struggle against Dutch elm disease.’
- ‘One - the national champion American elm, in Grand Traverse County, Michigan - has recently been declared dead from Dutch elm disease.’
- ‘The beetle-borne Dutch elm disease destroyed one of the nation's great shade trees.’
- ‘With the introduction of Dutch elm disease, thousands of communities lost all their street trees in only a few years.’
- ‘As well as incorporating original furnishings by an interior designer, it was carefully fitted out with reclaimed materials, such as elm wood from trees felled because of Dutch elm disease.’
- ‘Breeding successes like camellias with better cold tolerance, American elms resistant to Dutch elm disease, and later flowering magnolias have given landscapers and gardeners important new choices.’
- ‘While we revere and champion the protection of these trees, we know that - as with the former national champion American elm, which recently died from Dutch elm disease - their time at the top is tenuous.’
- ‘Since Dutch elm disease destroyed the elm 30 years ago, the large tortoiseshell butterfly has tottered on the verge of extinction.’
- ‘A worst case scenario would be one or more of our beautiful oaks proving so susceptible that a plague comparable to Dutch elm disease or chestnut blight would sweep major ecosystems, even continent-wide.’
- ‘Ergot, corn smut, Dutch elm disease, and ringworm are all diseases caused by parasitic fungi.’
- ‘No tree was more beloved for city streets and backyards than the American elm, which fell victim to Dutch elm disease and all but vanished from the urban landscape.’
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