One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A legislative body in the ruling assembly of Russia and of some other republics of the former Soviet Union.
- ‘At that time, opposition was concentrated in the Supreme Council of Russia and later in the Duma, the lower chamber of parliament.’
- ‘In the early 20th century, the czar called the Duma together and dissolved it at will.’
- ‘Congress in the United States and the Duma in Russia became less willing to take risks in the interests of international security.’
- ‘The Duma's ability to legislate much-needed reforms was constrained by a second chamber, the State Council, which was a much more conservative body.’
- ‘In 1999, his party barely made it into the Duma, winning a mere 6 percent of the vote.’
- ‘The results of the parliamentary elections have thereby played a crucial role, because at least some from them could profit from the elections to the Duma.’
- ‘An elected Duma and an Upper Chamber were set up.’
- ‘In the Duma the liberals now called for a government responsible to parliament.’
- ‘It gave preparatory study to projects which would later be debated by the Duma and State Council.’
- ‘Meantime, resentment by extreme nationalists and Communists in the Duma was increasing.’
- ‘The first such treaty dates back to 1990 but was never ratified by the Russian Duma.’
- ‘He is also going to be presenting his own legislation to the Duma, and he has to deal with taxes and corruption.’
- ‘All parties in the Duma are relegated to playing the role of a minority party.’
- ‘Within a month of the 1993 election, the number of independents in the Duma dropped from 141 to 47.’
- ‘The deputation left the meeting under the protection of certain members of the Duma.’
- ‘With this support, the Duma decided to form a temporary government (the Provisional Government) to take the place of the tsar.’
- ‘In March, the Duma passed in a first reading a bill banning rallies in virtually all public places.’
- ‘His office at the Duma had pictures of him in a military uniform, mingling with soldiers and civilians.’
- ‘First he tried to form a new parliamentary group in the Duma, but failed.’
- ‘One was dominated by moderate bourgeois members of the Duma and would later become the Provisional Government.’
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