Main definitions of down in English

: down1down2down3Down4

down1

adverb

  • 1Toward or in a lower place or position, especially to or on the ground or another surface.

    ‘she looked down’
    ‘the sun started to go down’
    ‘he put his glass down’
    ‘he swung the ax to chop down the tree’
    ‘she flicked the switch up and down’
    • ‘When we finally put her bags down in my living room she started to cry.’
    • ‘I was sure he was going to kiss me, for he had placed one arm on each side of me and was leaning down towards my face.’
    • ‘The trees, which have been chopped down, but not uprooted, have been replaced by new turf.’
    • ‘It is believed he was shot down by ground fire as he attempted to gain height after the attack.’
    • ‘He digs his hands deep into the pockets of his jeans and looks down at the ground.’
    • ‘Savage put the drink down gently, closed his eyes and opened them again very slowly.’
    • ‘From there they could look down on the city's fine new skyscrapers and modern apartment blocks.’
    • ‘Morgan stood up and walked over to the buffet table and looked down at the food.’
    • ‘Then one of the two warders threw the case down at his feet and slammed the door shut.’
    • ‘Large pine trees were left standing but smaller silver birch and beech trees were chopped down.’
    • ‘Mr Rogers said last spring he stopped an attempt by the council to chop the tree down and believed it was now safe.’
    • ‘The brick paving outside has slowly sunk over the years and no longer slopes down towards the nearest drain.’
    • ‘A woman, seen from above, seated in the balcony of a theatre, in her turn looks down on the spectacle below.’
    • ‘The youth knocked on his passenger window and asked him to wind it down.’
    • ‘He turned sharply racing through on goal only to be pulled down just short of the penalty area.’
    • ‘She put the wine glass down on the ground and turned over to face him lying flat, her belly against his.’
    • ‘As well as causing an obstruction, he says the boards are liable to be blown down by the wind, which could damage cars.’
    • ‘Ashley stood on the hillside looking down at the devastation below in disbelief.’
    • ‘Scroll down while reading each page and then when you come to the end just click to get the next.’
    • ‘Look out here for a smaller path, dropping down towards a wall on the right.’
    towards a lower position, downwards, downstairs, towards the bottom, from top to bottom
    to the ground, to the floor, over
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 At or to a specified distance below.
      ‘you can plainly see the bottom 35 feet down’
      • ‘Vandals also dug two feet down into the grave of John Devlin, who died eight years ago.’
      • ‘He said they set to work digging several feet down in search of the remains.’
      • ‘Armstrong and Aldrin had to jump nearly a metre down from the bottom rung of the ladder to the Moon's surface.’
      • ‘The objects from these sites were originally buried two to three feet down at the bottom of graves.’
      • ‘The well here was fascinating with two donkeys pulling up a huge leather bucket from 100 feet down.’
      • ‘It is a good 20 feet down and the way he has landed has contributed to how seriously he was hurt.’
      • ‘The surface of the land has been cleared but the soil is contaminated several feet down.’
      • ‘He told the jury a rear patio was completely removed and the soil dug down three feet.’
      • ‘We were kitted out with helmets and miners' torch and taken 40 metres down to the pit bottom in a cage.’
      • ‘The wreck of the vessel was located, 40 metres down on the seabed, later that morning.’
      in a lower position, downstairs, at the bottom
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 Downstairs.
      ‘I went down to put the kettle on’
      • ‘Come on in, son. Lindsey should be down in a few minutes.’
      • ‘Are you coming down for breakfast? It's half past eleven.’
      • ‘One gentleman has not been down at all to meet his friends.’
      • ‘I went down to put the washing in the dryer.’
      • ‘Frank the Manc used to pop down from his attic flat with a bottle of whiskey and a plate full of samosas.’
      • ‘I got up, washed and headed down to the dining hall passing the site of last nights incident.’
      • ‘Penelope will be down for dinner later this afternoon, assuming she has remembered!’
      towards a lower position, downwards, downstairs, towards the bottom, from top to bottom
      in a lower position, downstairs, at the bottom
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3 Expressing movement or position away from the north.
      ‘they're living down south’
      • ‘He converted hundreds as he made his way down into the South Leinster border area.’
      • ‘It was unusual for me to set off on my own and the journey down was strangely lacking in atmosphere.’
      • ‘Oddly, my father is from up this way, but did move down, although that was 35 or so years ago.’
      • ‘We had mixed weather on the way down, everything from hard driving rain to bright sunshine.’
      • ‘Raffles and games on the coach trip down should boost the money raised.’
      • ‘Make sure you contact your ferry company before driving down for a Channel crossing this week.’
      • ‘We are hoping to get them in the north of England where we are stronger but down here it is unlikely.’
      • ‘They have a big industry down there, and a lot of Irish businesses go there to film.’
      • ‘She was heading down from the north and I was on a slightly earlier flight from London.’
      • ‘We have to try and prepare as best we can and take the confidence from the win against Wales down with us.’
      • ‘I am currently down in Cornwall so do not have a Tale of Two Cities with me.’
      • ‘The Premiership boys use planes a lot and it would have been nice to fly down to Exeter but we have to work within our means.’
      • ‘A few days ago I ran across an old friend who is now living down here with the new wife and child.’
      • ‘I'm sure he will go on to achieve great things at the club, and will one day be held in the same regard here as he is down on the south coast.’
      • ‘Katie slept the whole way down, or at least lay on the back seat with her eyes closed.’
      • ‘I moved down here from Hackney because I thought it would be a better place to bring my child up.’
      • ‘According to the ‘RailLinks’ pamphlet, the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire's stately home is down on the south coast, with nearby Bakewell on the Isle of Wight.’
      • ‘The money down there is incredible compared to up here, but I'd play anywhere.’
      • ‘All I had to do was get from Hampstead in the north to West Kensington and then down to the South Bank.’
      • ‘It might have been cold up north, but at least it was sunny - down here it is cold, wet and miserable.’
    4. 1.4 To or at a place perceived as lower (often expressing casualness or lack of hurry)
      ‘I'd rather be down at the villa’
      ‘I'm going down to the arcade’
      • ‘I met Jim Renwick for the first time down at Raeburn Place last Tuesday, and I was impressed.’
      • ‘There were four still photographers down at the Dallas police headquarters that day.’
      • ‘Still, I suppose I can pop down to the supermarket and be back within ten minutes.’
      • ‘She gave him a call, and he invited us to meet him down at Ohinemutu the next day.’
      • ‘After many phone calls around the country, my local benefits office invited me down for a wee chat.’
      • ‘My mother used to drag me down here as an infant to see him on Saturday or Sunday.’
      • ‘Justin's dead smart, reads a lot of contemporary writing and is always down at the cinema.’
      • ‘Then, after a light lunch, he would walk down to the university cricket ground to watch a game.’
      • ‘I never knew them well, only meeting them on rare occasions down at the seafront.’
      • ‘The police have also been down and we have discussed the night in detail.’
      • ‘Once they began to be sexually active they used to march each other down to the local family planning clinic.’
      • ‘But he does want to see you down at the stables when you're done here.’
      • ‘It was obvious he had some sort of talent for the game so I took him down to one of the clubs in Carmarthen, but they said he was too young.’
      • ‘What I'm inclined to do is order some brochures from Roedean College and pop down to school with them.’
      • ‘Nobody wants to work on a Sunday but everybody wants to nip down to their local supermarket and buy their food.’
      • ‘The others went down to the local pub for a couple of pints.’
      • ‘t wait to tell his wife the good news about a new system that they have down at the station.’
      • ‘A few months ago I helped Kev out with an activity down at the church his family belong to.’
      • ‘He said he would meet us down at the club later that night, but he never appeared.’
      • ‘At night the restaurants and bars fill up with the chattering classes down from the city.’
    5. 1.5British Away from the capital or major city.
      ‘there are eight trains a day, four up and four down’
    6. 1.6British Away from a university, especially Oxford or Cambridge.
      • ‘My friends are down from Cambridge and I don't want you to antagonize them.’
      • ‘To work on the Times had been a vague ambition of mine ever since my Aunt Nell, with whom I used to stay while down from Cambridge early in the war, used me as a messenger to take up to London on Sunday night the letters with which she regularly bombarded her friends and relations in high places, one of whom happened then to be the editor of the Times.’
    7. 1.7 (with reference to food or drink swallowed) in or into the stomach.
      ‘she couldn't keep anything down’
      • ‘I wolfed my lunch down and caught a cab to meet Amy.’
      • ‘Lo and behold, get a bit of nicotine down him and a nice cappuccino, and you can't get a word in edgeways.’
      • ‘Women who cannot keep food or fluid down because of vomiting should see their doctor.’
      • ‘I am keeping my food down and this has led to my weight remaining constant, although by no means ideal.’
      • ‘After the gig I just drank it down, poured myself into a taxi and headed home to bed.’
      • ‘It took a lot of will power not to gobble it straight down as I prepared my recipe.’
      • ‘He looked like a bag of bones so we gave him some of our dinner and he gobbled it down.’
      • ‘She is a slow thoughtful eater and I gulp my food down but other than that we had lots in common.’
      • ‘He ate the food down quickly and gave the empty tray to the guy that came by to collect them.’
      • ‘Wash all of this down with a $7 pitcher of Kingfisher and you won't be able to move for a week.’
      • ‘I mean, imagine going to a buffet every day and having to wolf down everything in sight?’
      • ‘He roars with laughter at the recollection as he tucks into shepherd's pie washed down with Chablis.’
      • ‘Swallowing it down, he glared at the worker, who was walking back to the cooking area.’
      • ‘All the swallowing has made me feel ill and keeping anything down is hard.’
      • ‘A bit of sun, a bit of wildlife, washed down with chilled lemonade and a wedge of juicy watermelon.’
      • ‘A Snickers bar and a cigarette washed down with a can of Coke doesn't count.’
      • ‘It sounds simple, and it was, but washed down with red wine it was sublime.’
      • ‘They will take a glass of treated water from the outflow pipe and drink it down.’
      • ‘A huge pear and chocolate tart which we helped down with some freshly whipped cream.’
      • ‘Shane took a seat beside her and she watched in fascination as he gobbled it down.’
    8. 1.8 So as to lie or be fixed flush or flat.
      ‘she stuck down a Christmas label’
      • ‘His usually unruly mop of brown hair is now slicked down with a neat side-parting.’
      • ‘Rugs must be tacked down, not only in the middle, but at the corners and leading edges.’
      • ‘The back seats fold down but not completely flat and they leave behind a big ridge.’
      • ‘Her jet black hair was slicked down onto her neck and her eyes were sprinkled with tears.’
      • ‘Mud covered its broad face and one of the pointed ears was stuck down against the head.’
      • ‘First the gel to slick it all down, then the spray to mold and hold where you want it.’
      • ‘Back on the warm sand, I lay down on my stomach, pencil in hand ready to write my short story.’
      • ‘James laid me down on my bed and went downstairs to get me a glass of water and some tissues.’
      • ‘They wrestled it into the back of the car… we had to put the back seats down flat to fit it in.’
      • ‘At one point, in order to relieve the need to keep the Ctrl key depressed, a colleague taped it down with sticky tape.’
    9. 1.9as exclamation Used as a command to a person or animal to sit or lie down.
      ‘down, boy!’
      • ‘‘Down, boy,’ said Carl, and Moose obeyed without hesitation.’
    10. 1.10 A crossword answer that reads vertically.
      ‘how many letters in fifteen down?’
      • ‘People would be telling her to stop screaming as they were trying to solve 12 down on their crossword.’
  • 2To or at a lower level of intensity, volume, or activity.

    ‘keep the noise down’
    ‘the panic was dying down’
    ‘at night it would cool down’
    • ‘Although injuries and accidents were down on previous years, 78 people were arrested for drink-driving over Christmas and New Year, compared with 62 in 2001.’
    • ‘Club bosses have already turned the volume down and assured residents they would monitor noise levels.’
    • ‘Mr Khelifi was listening to music on his laptop computer and was asked to turn the volume down by airport staff.’
    • ‘It includes a poster and flyer campaign urging drinkers not to cause trouble and to keep the noise down, or else.’
    • ‘If more than one wants to go to bed early, then the group should keep the noise levels down.’
    • ‘House burglaries were down from four to one although burglary of other properties was up from four to five.’
    • ‘It was assumed that the pressure on taxation would be up rather than down.’
    • ‘Police have warned householders to keep their homes more secure to keep crime levels down.’
    • ‘This year's event was blessed with warm weather and although attendance was down on last year, it still attracted around 2,000 visitors.’
    • ‘As the noise levels grew again, two women came in from the bar area and the whole place quietened down again.’
    • ‘Place the lid on top and leave the rice to steam for about 20 minutes, then take off the lid and let the rice cool down.’
    • ‘The high tide had gone down, but was still icy cold and high for the awakening morning.’
    • ‘Keeping the ground squirrel population down is a precaution against humans and pets being infected.’
    • ‘I got there late, when most of the activity had died down and the light was beginning to go.’
    • ‘There are others with a genetic make up which allows them to keep the blood alcohol level down in their blood.’
    • ‘Officers believe the mild weather over the festive season helped keep the number of road casualties down.’
    • ‘The bonnet was hot and the engine was making a clicking sound as it cooled down, she said.’
    • ‘The party was still in full swing at two in the morning and showed no signs of dying down.’
    • ‘Having lost all TV signals on Friday night, I had unplugged it to let it cool down.’
    • ‘We sat around drinking and not smoking until she phoned upstairs and asked him to keep the noise down.’
    1. 2.1 To or at a lower price, value, or rank.
      ‘output was down by 20 percent’
      ‘soup is down from 59 cents to 49 cents’
      • ‘The euro has depreciated against the dollar and the dollar has gone down against the rupee.’
      • ‘So, you'd think that we'd all do our best to keep our mortgage bills down, wouldn't you?’
      • ‘Maybe this explains why undergraduate admission numbers are down in many departments.’
      • ‘My latest statement shows that it is now worth less than I have paid in so far, because the unit price has gone down.’
      • ‘Ms Foley said it was now clear that public and media pressure had paid off in keeping the prices down.’
      • ‘Out of the cities, it is more difficult both to keep prices down and to source quality ingredients.’
      • ‘Milk prices are down and the rural economy is still reeling from the after-effects of foot and mouth.’
      • ‘Earnings per share were down from 14 cents to three cents this year.’
      • ‘One student at the school had his work remarked and his grade revised down by 35 per cent.’
      • ‘Governments thus have a choice. Get their growth rates up or get their spending levels down.’
      • ‘This in turn kept the price of newspapers down and increased circulation.’
      • ‘But recently they have been shocked to see their bank balances going up rather than down.’
      • ‘Prices are down slightly this week, because demand is still on the low side.’
      • ‘Economists seem to be split in their views of whether rates will go up or down after the general election.’
      • ‘However, high demand for the shares has pushed the price up - and the dividend yield down.’
      • ‘Such subsidies can often lead to over production, which in turn forces prices down.’
      • ‘This bill will help to keep compliance costs down, rather than the reverse of that.’
      • ‘Even if your portfolio value is down now, you'll only suffer a loss if you cash it in.’
      • ‘These shares are down 40 percent from the mid 1980s.’
      • ‘Such players would not be able to force down wages or conditions through the threat of relocation.’
    2. 2.2 To a finer consistency, a smaller amount or size, or a simpler or more basic state.
      ‘I must slim down a bit’
      ‘a formal statement that can't be edited down’
      ‘thin down an oil-based paint with spirits’
      • ‘Deadline is next Friday and the list of applicants will be whittled down in August.’
      • ‘The band has slimmed down since their last album two years ago, and Papa Noel is no longer in the line-up.’
      • ‘Keep the movie's file size down - Waiting for long downloads is painful at the best of times.’
      • ‘Once the judges had whittled the teams down, each school sent just two teams to the main competition.’
      • ‘As always, the interview's been heavily compressed to keep the file size down.’
      • ‘Dissolve the sugar in a little water over a high heat and boil the resulting syrup down to the softball stage.’
      • ‘So now I do these songs, five, six, seven minutes long, and I'm not going to edit them down.’
      • ‘Surely the one advantage of this being on tape is they could edit this stuff down?’
      • ‘Sure, there have been times when the organisation got fat and it was necessary to slim down.’
      • ‘And overweight people have to decide for themselves whether they want to slim down.’
      • ‘One option would be to paint the wall with a lime wash thinned down to an almost watery consistency.’
      • ‘The sapodilla is usually eaten raw, though in the W. Indies it may be boiled down to make a syrup.’
      • ‘It would cut the size of your pages down by a fair bit, and be a bit easier to write.’
      • ‘If the liquid is too thin for a gravy, just put it in a pan on the stovetop and boil it down to reduce to a nice consistency.’
      • ‘She had bought a gown three sizes too small hoping to slim down to fit it.’
      • ‘She said her weight loss had inspired her to get to work and help other people to slim down.’
      • ‘How on earth could he bring himself to do something as awful as edit his project down?’
      • ‘Back on the main track, the woodland thins down and there are vistas across fields to the Kirkby fells.’
      • ‘At one point we had too many examples, and had to edit it down to a more user friendly size.’
      • ‘Those aren't the full articles, but I'll edit it down if you think it's too long.’
    3. 2.3 From an earlier to a later point in time or order.
      ‘everyone, from the president down to the guy selling hot dogs, is outraged’
      • ‘Amanda says that she has passed the recycling bug down to her daughter.’
      • ‘She also brought a Shelley tea set which was passed down to her from her grandmother.’
      • ‘This hardening in attitude is repeated across the town and has passed down to children as young as 10.’
      • ‘He also wants them returned so he can keep them in the family and pass them down to his son.’
      • ‘People can pass it down to their children and they can look back at their parents with pride.’
      • ‘On this week's Lingua Franca he hands on some of the sayings his family handed down to him.’
      • ‘Their experience of cooking Thai food is handed down from generation to generation.’
      • ‘Daughters cannot inherit the disease in this way but can become carriers and pass it down to their sons.’
      • ‘However, equality was unheard of and land could not be passed down to women.’
      • ‘A lot of the time culture is passed down to us by the advertisers, and the big corporations.’
      • ‘He had never been one for idle pursuits, and it was a trait he had passed down to Grace.’
      • ‘Now it was being passed down to Bill as he neared his sixteenth birthday.’
      • ‘I would dearly love to know where it is and have it passed over to me so that I can pass it down to my family.’
      • ‘It is not something which can be taught or handed down, one must be born with it.’
      • ‘These people will continue to pass their attitudes down to their children and grandchildren.’
      • ‘I think it would be great to record the memories of older people to pass down to the future generations.’
      • ‘They were simply passed down to you by your elders like tribal law, extracts from some oral manual for living.’
      • ‘They also have a special skill that has been passed down to every generation.’
      • ‘The clock has been ticking down towards the deadline and I imagine he'll be galvanised into action.’
      • ‘In itself, though, that gives you nothing to pass down to the grandchildren.’
  • 3In or into a weaker or worse position, mood, or condition.

    ‘the scandal brought down the government’
    ‘he was down with the flu’
    • ‘He was just 13 when he was struck down with meningitis and spent 13 months in hospital.’
    • ‘Corner forward Andrew Quinn is currently down with flu but his chances of making it for the final are much more optimistic.’
    • ‘Sad days when our only sign of pleasure is the hope of dragging Sligo down with us.’
    • ‘They tried so hard to break Park down - but met with tough resistance amid high tension and drama.’
    • ‘His older brother found himself at the centre of the saving and loans scandal that nearly brought down the US banking system.’
    • ‘Both of us have been down with a stomach bug over the last week or so.’
    • ‘But in May the plans were put on hold when he was struck down with kidney stones.’
    • ‘A SIX-year-old girl struck down with cancer had TWO dates with top pop stars on the same day.’
    • ‘Fenor, we know, will be back again as you couldn't keep a good team like this down for long.’
    • ‘With nine holes played it looked bad for Kilkea only up in one match, level in one and down in three.’
    • ‘A couple whose baby was struck down with meningitis on their wedding day were today bringing their son home.’
    • ‘Give us something joyful to sing, because at the moment you really are dragging us down!’
    • ‘He missed, and the Wilkinson boot, after an early failure, slowly ground Wales down.’
    • ‘There is still so much of the infrastructure that was created to keep the poor down that still exists.’
    1. 3.1 Losing or at a disadvantage by a specified amount.
      ‘the Braves, down 7–6, rallied for two runs in the sixth inning’
      • ‘Four goals down with 20 minutes to go, Jock Nugent's side looked to be fighting a lost cause.’
      • ‘Erdos was four laps down on the front-runners by the time he came out racing again.’
      • ‘At the moment we just don't look like losing, even if we go a goal down in games.’
      • ‘But when you go to a man down you have a bit of a persecution complex and everyone seems to give that bit extra.’
      • ‘Two-nil down, Moor came back to level with goals from Mustan Ali and Neil Walters.’
      • ‘After a nervous beginning, when he went three games to love down, Borg found his range.’
      • ‘Even though we were three or four points down, we knew we could step it up and we knew what we had to do.’
      • ‘She retrieves the break only to go match point down in the tiebreaker when she makes a complete hash of a simple volley.’
      • ‘This will still leave the museum about £1,500 down on the deal.’
      • ‘When we went a goal down in the first half you could have heard a pin drop in the stadium.’
      • ‘They attacked from the start, but went a goal down after a defensive lapse.’
      • ‘Too easily we were finding ourselves three or four nil down after half an hour against Celtic and Rangers.’
      • ‘They simply sat back and let England make all the running, even when they went a goal down.’
      • ‘The guys did a great job replacing the wing and getting me back on the track, but at that point, we were four laps down.’
      • ‘Hearts would have been dead and buried, two goals down with only ten men.’
      • ‘I think we were a goal down with about a minute left and big Welshy [Brian Welsh] scored.’
      • ‘They even had to come from a goal down twice after conceding an early goal and then going behind again in the second half.’
      • ‘We were a couple of regular players down, but those that filled in did well.’
      • ‘I had hoped that with him being four or so laps down that he would back out of it.’
      • ‘At the sixth Scott had a golden opportunity to put Woods two down for the first time all week, but he missed from a mere four feet.’
    2. 3.2 Used to express progress through a series of tasks or items.
      ‘one down and only six more to go’
      • ‘I think my body knows it's the halfway point of the week, with four shows down and four to go.’
      • ‘There is one down and two to go for Inveraray after their intermediate championship victory at Oban yesterday.’
      • ‘Nine down and six to go, Carlow and Naas are on track for All Ireland League promotion.’
    3. 3.3 (of a computer system) out of action or unavailable for use (especially temporarily)
      ‘the system went down yesterday’
      • ‘Register readers report trying to connect to the service for hours only to find nearly all its servers were down.’
      • ‘Alas it's not sufficiently clever to hide it again when that app is closed down.’
      • ‘The email company will see all the requests coming from just one or two IP addresses and shut them down.’
      • ‘After a complaint to the Central Source in early June, the site was taken down.’
      • ‘She blamed the glitch on a software error and said that once it was spotted it was taken down immediately.’
      • ‘People lock systems down prior to test and as soon as test is complete the systems are opened up again.’
      • ‘And not only that, but soon the entire network was taken down by a repair technician.’
      • ‘Banks seeking to have phishing websites located in China taken down face a language barrier.’
      • ‘Canadian Tire didn't like it and threatened to sue him, so he took it down but still owns the URL.’
      • ‘You ring your Systems and Network people because the server has just gone down and you want to know when it will be up again.’
    4. 3.4down with —— Shouted to express strong dislike of a specified person or thing.
      ‘crowds chanted “Down with bureaucracy!”’
      • ‘The protesters marched through the capital waving party flags and shouting slogans such as, ‘Down with absolute monarchy’.’
      • ‘It wasn't until her brother went to Europe on summer holiday and saw a U2 concert in Berlin in which everyone was shouting ‘Down with apartheid’ and ‘Free Nelson Mandela’ that it struck home.’
      • ‘One truck had the slogan, ‘Down with High Fuel Prices,’ spray-painted on a banner draped on the back of his cab.’
      • ‘The crowd broke into wild cheers and they started to chant, ‘Down with the government!’’
      • ‘A group of four men and women burst into a bank with a chorus of ‘Down with Capitalism!’’
  • 4In or into writing.

    ‘taking down notes’
    ‘I just write down whatever comes into my head’
    • ‘What follows below are actual notes that I jotted down during my day at work today.’
    • ‘Note down all the times and places you smoke, with a note on how much you needed each cigarette.’
    • ‘He was scribbling down notes as he kept running one hand through his dark, messy hair.’
    • ‘As he was recovering from his injuries, he started to write everything down.’
    • ‘Just writing this answer down will give you some ideas as to what you would like to achieve next year.’
    • ‘He even used to note down who sat in which carriage, and what people wore, especially pretty girls.’
    • ‘The answer, given loud enough for all to hear, was then noted down by the clerk.’
    • ‘What many children do is to note down what the teacher says and reproduce it for the examination.’
    • ‘Keep a food diary for a week, writing down everything that you eat and drink.’
    • ‘Shortley after that you have a talk with one of the therapists to clarify anything you have written down.’
    • ‘It involves you looking at all work activities and writing down how you are managing them.’
    • ‘That Monday, I sat down with two young people and we wrote our ideas down on paper.’
    • ‘Surely it's quite easy to note these things down and then type them out.’
    • ‘I did enjoy the research but the writing it down and trying to put it into proper language was hard.’
    • ‘I could spend the day noting down everything I did as I did it, and carry a digicam with me.’
    • ‘One reason is the simple difficulty of writing down not only exactly what people say but also who says it.’
    • ‘Every now and then I'll get a moment of inspiration, but not enough to get anything down.’
    • ‘As me and Megan began to walk towards the door, I noticed that Lucy was writing a few notes down.’
    • ‘Take a few minutes to note down what you are looking for before you call, and don't allow yourself to be rushed.’
    • ‘He looked at me in surprise before quickly noting yet another thing down on his paper.’
    1. 4.1 On or onto a list, schedule, or record.
      ‘I'll put you down for the evening shift’
      • ‘Out of these, 434 have Newbridge down as their first preference.’
      • ‘Also, as Richard Quinn is rather confusingly monikered T Quinn and Frankie Dettori is known as L Dettori, so Wilson Renwick is down on the racecard as K Renwick.’
      • ‘She said: ‘They did not find anything so they had to put it down as a sudden death due to natural causes.’’
      • ‘At one point one of them asked me why I didn't have my supervisor down as a referee.’
      • ‘And it came just six weeks after Dawn Morris, of Great Lever, was told she could not claim tax credit for her son because he was down on records as being aged 64!’
      • ‘The problem was that you account for some reason when it was processed it was put down as a yearly account and not a 2 yearly account.’
      • ‘If you did not put your name down for one, but would like one, please contact any of the members of the committee.’
      • ‘Some other retailers, such as HMV, have the date down as 6 June.’
      • ‘You see, the officer who stopped me in the City marked me down on his report sheet as Asian.’
      • ‘But if you look at my cv there you will see I have her down as my primary reference!’
      • ‘Sergeant Major marks me down as being present and tells us to fall out to the softball field.’
      • ‘Oversubscribed comprehensives are turning away applications for children whose parents have not put the school down as their first choice.’
      • ‘All those attending must put their names down in the sheet in the ladies locker room.’
      • ‘The nurse noted the visit down on an index card.’
      • ‘They also said he put his wife down as an author on papers she did no work for.’
  • 5(with reference to partial payment of a sum of money) made initially or on the spot.

    ‘pay $500 down and the rest at the end of the month’
    • ‘He says he will pay $1000 down and the remainder next spring when we give him possession.’
    • ‘She purchased the house for $89,000, paying 5 % down.’
  • 6(of sailing) with the current or the wind.

    1. 6.1 (of a ship's helm) moved around to leeward so that the rudder is to windward and the vessel swings toward the wind.
  • 7(of the ball or a player in possession) not in play, typically because forward progress has been stopped.

    • ‘The team likes his control and the way he is able to keep the ball down in the strike zone.’

preposition

  • 1From a higher to a lower point of (something)

    ‘up and down the stairs’
    ‘tears streaming down her face’
    • ‘I challenge anyone to listen to this and not sit there with tears streaming down their cheeks.’
    • ‘As you walk down the stairs from Professor Safi's office, a large window gives a view to the north.’
    • ‘Above us, waterfalls tumbled down the mountainside from glaciers that hung over the lip of high cols.’
    • ‘I went through a hedge, down an embankment and ended up just yards from a river.’
    • ‘After stepping out of the airplane, he did not immediately walk down the staircase.’
    • ‘It is popular with elderly people and young mums with children who find it difficult to walk down the cliffs.’
    • ‘In more ways than one I was glad to follow the track down the hillside, through the forest and back to the road.’
    • ‘Scott, who was at the front of the group, slipped down a bank and tumbled over a cliff, landing in the river below.’
    • ‘Rainwater came through the roof and poured down the walls at the height of the downpour.’
    • ‘We had to walk down the opposite side of the mountain, but the view made it worthwhile.’
    • ‘I chose to ignore the lack of electricity and plumbing and the water running in streams down the walls.’
    • ‘After retracing her steps she discovered him in an alley with tears streaming down his face.’
    • ‘He and I spent upwards of an hour climbing through tunnels and whizzing down the slides.’
    • ‘The pair were making their way down another staircase when the explosion ripped through the building.’
    • ‘Alma could only shake her head as the tears began to drip down her face and into her hair.’
    • ‘She also complained of a migraine headache but was able to walk down the stairs to the ambulance.’
    • ‘Go through the gate and after another ten yards go right again, down some steps and through a metal gate.’
    • ‘His response was to grab me by the arm and push me down the front steps onto the street, and told to go away.’
    • ‘The wind is whipping around the building, through the cracks in the doors and down the chimneys.’
    • ‘The pair were then lowered down the rockface to the safety of a waiting inshore lifeboat.’
    lower in, lower on, to the bottom of
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 At or to a lower part of (a river or stream); nearer the sea.
      ‘a dozen miles or so down the Mississippi’
      • ‘The speculation is that the builders used canoes to travel down the river and out to the sea to get the rocks.’
      • ‘He has never forgotten the time he boated down the Sepik River in Papua New Guinea.’
      • ‘Paddling down a river on a warm summer's day is great fun, the world drifts slowly past.’
      • ‘He says it was special to be able to travel down such a beautiful river that held his family's name.’
      • ‘They have a crane on top of that so it can catch any trees that may be rushing down the river.’
      • ‘It enables them to see quite a distance down the river to the beginning of the estuary.’
      • ‘It was holed, the theory goes, by a large piece of debris being swept down the river.’
      • ‘There's a coast guard station a mile down the river.’
      • ‘The remains may have come up with the tide from the Humber or down the river from York.’
      • ‘It was in that guise that he was captured in 1943, floating down the Mekong River in a bamboo raft.’
      • ‘In 1999, on two trips down the river, she made a series of photographs of the waters in close detail.’
      • ‘The ship made its way down the Thames to Gravesend and a last glimpse of England.’
      • ‘It has stunning views down the River Necker and was on the doorstep of easily accessible attractions.’
      • ‘We took a boat down the river Thames complete with riotous commentary from the ship's captain.’
      • ‘Fast-food cartons sparkled in the autumn sunshine as they floated down the River Foss.’
      • ‘They then journey down the Mekong River, and then onto the Laos capital Vientiane.’
      • ‘Originally the Port wines were transported to Oporto down the River Douro on boats.’
      • ‘They will then set off down the mighty River Mersey on the start of their adventure.’
      • ‘When we took a trip down the river in April last year, I was dismayed to see the state the building was in.’
      • ‘If you're on a guided trip down a river by boat then lunch is a delightful occasion in the life of a fly fisher.’
    2. 1.2 Moving or at a point further along the course of (something)
      ‘he lived down the street’
      ‘I wandered down the road’
      • ‘We who live lower down the road can use the 846 but this only runs every half-hour and is often full.’
      • ‘He lives just down the road and well and truly charms Carlos by describing him as super handsome.’
      • ‘If the woman who lived down the road from me when I was a kid could do it, why can't I?’
      • ‘She goes to school just down the road from where I live but I can't go and see her.’
      • ‘He lived a few houses down the street from me, so we saw each other and hung out often.’
      • ‘Maybe up at St Giles, the street was packed, but further down the Royal Mile, there was nobody.’
      • ‘Coventry was only a few miles down the M6 but it could have been half the country away.’
      • ‘Don't worry, he lives just down the road, so I can nip round for a quick fix.’
      • ‘She phoned her boyfriend who lived down the road and he dashed to her aid.’
      • ‘The Woods live half-way down the street, the big yellow house on the left-hand side.’
      • ‘He lives just a matter of minutes down the road and so would like to win at Queen's Club because it is his home event.’
      • ‘He lives just down the road from here, so it's easy enough for him to come here and paint.’
      • ‘They certainly were for the two female donkeys who used to live down the road from me.’
      • ‘I have to assume in the absence of an address that he does not live down Warm Lane.’
      • ‘The speed with which his attitude changed reminded me of this man who used to live down our street.’
      • ‘In the fish supermarket down the road, two whole chilled cabinets are dedicated to whale.’
      along, throughout the length of, to the other end of, from one end of … to the other, through, across, by way of, via
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3informal At or to (a place)
      ‘tired of going down to the pub every night’
      • ‘We might as well be down the pub if we're just going to watch these two get lashed up.’
      • ‘He talks to the punters on air like he does with his mates down the pub.’
      • ‘I bet a straw poll of the blokes in the office, or down the pub would reveal exactly the same’
      • ‘He still lives with his parents, loves Manchester City and a game of darts down the pub.’
      • ‘If they want to spend their evenings down the pub, they should be in front of the bar, not behind it.’
      • ‘Sure enough down my pub that night we had an overflow of people who had waited up to an hour in some cases to get served.’
      • ‘Most men his age would be down the local bar sinking a few pints and eyeing up the saloon girls.’
      • ‘Darren is a down to earth, cheeky guy who loves his Northern roots and can often be found down the pub with a pint of Best.’
      • ‘Well, your phone will be with you tomorrow, and then you can pop off down the pub and show it off, can't you!’
      • ‘It is not as though they can pop down the pub for a quiet pint, or go shopping in Tesco's.’
      • ‘If I've been down the pub I can come home and stink of fags, which is horrible.’
      • ‘After that we headed off down Gee's where we meet Chris.’
      • ‘So, the day after you've been paid, what's left for having a great time down the pub?’
      • ‘What would happen if a newspaper invited readers to an editorial conference down the pub?’
      • ‘He was often up from London at weekends and I would see him down the pub.’
      • ‘It gives people things to talk about down the pub or around the Sunday lunch table.’
      • ‘Last year the race happened on a Friday so most people from round here were either working or down the pub.’
      • ‘Like many Keighley men Roger Nowell likes to have a drink with his mates down the pub.’
      • ‘That's all I'm saying this week, it's sunny outside and everyone but me and Rob are down the pub.’
  • 2Throughout (a period of time)

    ‘astrologers down the ages’
    • ‘Good, reliable working dogs have been vital to the shepherding of sheep down the ages.’
    • ‘The endurance of the generation of 1914 was one of the wonders of human fortitude down the ages.’
    • ‘The best investors down the ages seem to have three essential attributes in common.’
    • ‘It has been a standard, down the ages, for those wedded to other clubs but never those who love United.’
    • ‘But the heart of the matter remains the same down the ages, and the consequences as dire.’
    • ‘That holds true down the ages whether the heroine is Elizabeth Bennet or Bridget Jones.’
    • ‘Judging by his work here, two or three films down the line, Alex Yang will come of age as a director.’
    • ‘Not surprisingly, he'd love to find out how York coped with its own floods down the ages.’
    • ‘Almost all the big names in country music have rambled through its doors down the years.’
    • ‘The Creed states the faith in which men and women down the ages built their lives.’
    throughout, through, during, in
    View synonyms

adjective

  • 1attributive Directed or moving toward a lower place or position.

    ‘the down escalator’
    ‘click on the down arrow’
    • ‘Ascending a down escalator, I work at 140 watts.’
    • ‘The jet in question was prepared for flight, so its flaps were already in the down position.’
    • ‘If you want to access a recently visited site again, click the down arrow at the right of the address box and select web address from the drop down window.’
    • ‘I walked to the elevator and pressed the down arrow.’
    • ‘Compton, who turns 33 next season, has hit the down slope of his career.’
    • ‘We walked across the terminal toward the down escalator.’
    1. 1.1Physics Denoting a flavor of quark having a charge of −1/3. Protons and neutrons are thought to be composed of combinations of up and down quarks.
      • ‘At this energy level, only up and down quarks, the electron and the electron neutrino exist.’
      • ‘The new results promise to yield important information about the up and down quarks that comprise protons and neutrons.’
      • ‘A neutral pion consists of a down quark and a down antiquark.’
  • 2predicative Unhappy; depressed.

    ‘he's been so down lately’
    • ‘Have you been feeling down lately about your lack of knowledge of quantum computing?’
    • ‘It was almost impossible to be down with Jesse around.’
    • ‘Hutt was usually ebullient but this time, he came to my office, and he was in a down mood.’
    • ‘At the moment they are a little bit down but that's my job to pick them up.’
    • ‘On the other hand, he's bringing hope to a people who are still down from losing so many loved ones.’
    • ‘A few players have been down in recent weeks but they can, and will, turn it around.’
    • ‘If I had been playing badly, I would have been a bit down, but I wasn't playing badly.’
    • ‘Tanya Anderson said her husband had been a bit down because he had hurt his arm and was in a lot of pain.’
    • ‘I'd always had bouts of feeling down and miserable.’
    • ‘On Saturday night the mood in the camp was sombre. We were all seriously down.’
    • ‘Believe it or not he was still seriously down about getting dumped, which surprised me.’
    • ‘I'm not sure I would ever be, but I was feeling a bit down and reluctant to be there.’
    • ‘She reminds you of your best qualities when you're down, to take the sting out of your woes.’
    • ‘She'd given up smoking a few months back and put on a bit of weight and been a bit down about it.’
    depressed, sad, saddened, unhappy, melancholy, miserable, wretched, sorrowful, gloomy, dejected, downhearted, disheartened, despondent, dispirited, low, in low spirits, low-spirited, heavy-hearted, glum, morose, dismal, downcast, cast down, tearful
    View synonyms
  • 3predicative (of a computer system) temporarily out of action or unavailable.

    ‘sorry, but the computer's down’
    • ‘Our wide network system was affected by a virus, so our system was down until they were virus free.’
    • ‘The website was down for several hours today because of a technical gremlin.’
    • ‘Plus we sorted out the train ticket which was a problem yesterday as the computers were down.’
    • ‘It was because my computer was down and I had to get it repaired and all that stuff.’
    • ‘She said their computers were down and that they would be up and running at the earliest by noon.’
    • ‘Most of the major news websites are down as they are flooded with traffic.’
    • ‘I am sure they are all trying to email me right now, but the server must be down.’
    • ‘It looks pretty much like a server hack to us since every site run by Inter-mediates is down.’
    • ‘She managed to get through once, only to be told the computer system was down.’
    • ‘The website was down for a few hours earlier today, which is why some people may have had a problem getting through.’
    • ‘Our photographer was given an identical bulb for free by a garage because the computer was down.’
    not working, not functioning, not functional, not in working order, not in operation, inoperative, malfunctioning, out of order, broken, broken-down, acting up, unserviceable, faulty, defective, in disrepair
    View synonyms
  • 4US informal predicative Supporting or going along with someone or something.

    ‘you got to be down with me’
    ‘she was totally down for a selfie’
    ‘“You going to the movies?” “Yo, I'm down.”’
    • ‘It is said that good things come to those who wait. Rishaud Raynir might be down with that.’
    • ‘Then we got our friend who knew Schooly to call him up, and he was all down with doing it.’
    • ‘I got an idea how to make some cash. You down, Tuff?’
    • ‘One of the good things that could be said about the character was that he nailed the fake gangsta, wannabe rude-boy young British male who wants to be down with hip-hop really, really well’
    • ‘North Square isn't perfect. It sometimes tries a little too hard to be down with the kids and comes off looking cheesy.’
    • ‘Prison ain't a nice ride, but if you're down with some homies you gonna be alright.’
    • ‘After speaking a bit, I asked him if he'd be down with an interview, and he was all for it’
    • ‘As long as you're good and you make people dance and laugh and have fun, they're down with you.’
    1. 4.1 Aware of and following the latest fashion.
      ‘a seriously down, hip-hop homie’
      • ‘There's a lot of people out there who are calling themselves rappers but they're not really down.’
      • ‘The main character of this painfully hilarious racial satire stretches to prove he's really a down white boy.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]informal
  • 1Knock or bring to the ground.

    ‘175 enemy aircraft had been downed’
    ‘he struck Slater on the face, downing him’
    • ‘Another was intercepted by a Spitfire near Newhaven and the pilot died when his plane was downed from the blast.’
    • ‘Up to 11 inches of rain fell in the southern part of the state yesterday, downing trees and knocking out power to thousands of people.’
    • ‘Two enemy aircraft were downed, the second being an RAF Typhoon shot down near Rostock on 4 May.’
    • ‘The cause of the crash is still not known, but the U.S. Central Command says there is no evidence that hostile fire played any part in downing the aircraft.’
    • ‘His Tornado fighter bomber was downed on January 16 during the first wave of air strikes in the '91 Gulf War.’
    • ‘The US squad has been missing since June 28 when rebels downed a helicopter sent to extract them, killing all 16 on board.’
    • ‘So far we've been fortunate that they haven't downed any of these piloted aircraft.’
    • ‘1918 - Signal Corps pilot LT Paul Baer attacks seven German aircraft, downing one.’
    • ‘On August 12, 1944, his P - 51 Mustang was downed by ground fire in southern France.’
    • ‘On 5 July, flying near Evreux, he downed his 28th German aircraft and became America's top ace.’
    • ‘The all-Polish Kosciuszko Squadron downed 126 German planes - more than any other Royal Air Force squadron.’
    • ‘On one occasion, 72 Japanese aircraft were downed by Hornet pilots in one day!’
    • ‘In October 2000, for the first time, FARC downed a Black Hawk, killing the 22 Colombian soldiers aboard.’
    • ‘Two minutes from time, Ayr were awarded a penalty when Andy Lawrie downed substitute Stewart Kean, and Bradford converted the spot-kick with assurance.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, several American aircraft were downed by Japanese Zero fighters.’
    • ‘A military spokesman said the AH - 64 Apache helicopter was downed by ground fire in the morning.’
    • ‘The blast - as well as downing the aircraft in which it is carried - spreads deadly material across a wide area.’
    • ‘His first question upon returning to base was whether he had downed a Soviet aircraft.’
    • ‘Many more Israeli aircraft have been downed by birds than by enemy air battles in the last three decades…’
    • ‘When maintenance finally downed the aircraft, it was an hour after the problem occurred and 30 minutes past our scheduled takeoff time.’
    knock down, knock over, knock to the ground, throw to the ground, bring down, bring to the ground, fell, topple, prostrate, tackle, rugby-tackle, trip up
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Put (the ball) out of play deliberately by touching one's knee to the ground while holding the ball or touching the ball itself to the ground.
      ‘Jones downed the ball in the end zone’
  • 2Consume (something, typically a drink)

    ‘he downed a six-pack’
    • ‘On the one side there were a group of 18 men downing drinks at the bar, seeking the confidence which only alcohol can provide.’
    • ‘Still chewing, Faulkner downs his drink in a single gulp.’
    • ‘This is a cool bar, if you're ever in Sydney definitely check this one out - i even saw Craig David in there downing a shot with his mates!’
    • ‘After downing the shot she had three more and then half a bottle of champagne.’
    • ‘He downed one more shot and walked to his room to go to sleep.’
    • ‘She picked up her water and downed it before collecting her stuff and heading home.’
    • ‘Dan shrugged and downed his whisky.’
    • ‘Alan downed his drink and poured himself another.’
    • ‘‘She doesn't drink alcohol,’ Daryl said dully as he downed his fourth beer.’
    • ‘Bell downs his coffee in a few gulps, warming to his subject.’
    • ‘She downed her drink and grabbed two flutes of champagne as she walked in his direction.’
    • ‘I was slightly tipsy from the two frozen margaritas I'd downed - quickly - half an hour earlier at Taco Milagro.’
    • ‘I devoured the sandwich in a minute and Tyler handed me a bottle of water, which I downed in a couple of seconds.’
    • ‘Mike downed another drink and motioned to the bartender for a refill.’
    • ‘Kayn simply laughed, and downed another shot as Serge walked away.’
    • ‘They had locked the door and downed the entire bottle and Ti had brought out another one.’
    • ‘It is healthier to sip a cup of tea several times a day rather than down it all at once.’
    • ‘An hour later, she dragged me off the floor and downed another shot.’
    • ‘It would be churlish to refuse, so he downs one, then another, then another.’
    • ‘I didn't drink, but that was ok because Drake just downed his double shot latte and then drank mine.’
    drink, drink down, drink up, gulp, gulp down, guzzle, quaff, drain, imbibe, sup, slurp, suck, sip, swallow, finish off, polish off
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 (of a golfer) sink (a putt)
      • ‘Randhawa…downed his putt from 10 feet short of the green.’
      • ‘He hit a glorious drive and second to nine feet, then downed the putt for a 67.’
      • ‘Home with two mighty shots, Murray downed a nine-foot putt to be all square.’

noun

  • 1A chance for a team to advance the ball, ending when the ball carrier is tackled or the ball becomes out of play. A team must advance at least ten yards in a series of four downs in order to keep possession.

    • ‘The offense has four downs to score a touchdown; the defense must stop the offense or get a turnover.’
    • ‘But the Giants held the Redskins to two first downs on seven first-half drives.’
    • ‘A defensive lineman sees about that much action in one series of four downs.’
    • ‘That weakness should not be too great of a negative since the Texans typically do not use a nose tackle on passing downs anyway.’
    • ‘The Rams ran up 40 points, 508 yards, and 32 first downs.’
  • 2downsinformal Unwelcome experiences or events.

    ‘there had been more downs than ups during his years at the company’
    • ‘Somebody up there appears to enjoy watching the ups and downs of my life.’
    • ‘I visited them often, through the ups and downs of their colorful lives.’
    • ‘The UK hotel market has had its fair share of ups and downs over the years.’
    • ‘The school has been through a period of ups and downs over the past year.’
    • ‘Everyone, it seems, is following the ups and downs of the market.’
    • ‘‘I've had some ups and downs, in the beginning of the season a lot of downs,’ he said.’
    • ‘Hammond says, ‘Despite the team's up and downs, Zippy keeps fighting back.’’
    • ‘Next year, their stocks will experience more downs than ups.’
    • ‘Logan has had plenty of ups and downs in his rugby career.’
    • ‘Its fun being in college but like everything it has both its up and downs.’
    • ‘For after a season of definitely more downs than ups, City's long-lingering relegation fears were finally ended when all hope had seemed lost and with pretty much the last kick of the game.’
    • ‘By her account, success is made of weeks, months, years of few ups and loads of downs - a whole lifetime of preparation.’
    • ‘Ups and downs are a natural part of the political cycle.’
    • ‘Meanwhile Dean Gallagher, who has had his fair share of downs in recent years, had the best day of his riding career in scooping the feature race, the Smurfit Champion Hurdle on Hors La Loi III.’
    • ‘Productivity growth tends to follow and exaggerate the ups and downs of the business cycle.’
    • ‘While the ups and considerable downs continue off the pitch, on it York City's stock continues to rise and rise.’
    • ‘With it the French were able to conquer western, southern, and central Europe, experiencing downs as well as ups but winning all the decisive battles on land.’
    • ‘I've been through so many ups and downs in my career.’
    • ‘He was one of the first Americans to experience the ups, downs and pressures of fame in the public eye.’
    • ‘We've had a few ups and downs along the way but thankfully it all came good in the end.’
    setbacks, upsets, reverses, reversals, reversals of fortune, downturns, mishaps, strokes of ill luck, strokes of bad luck, accidents, shocks, vicissitudes, crises, catastrophes, tragedies, calamities, trials, crosses, knocks, burdens, blows, buffets
    View synonyms
  • 3informal A feeling or period of unhappiness or depression.

    ‘everyone gets their downs, their depressive periods’
    • ‘I have a wide circle of friends, a wide range of interests, and, apart from the downs everyone has, a pretty darned neat life.’
    • ‘I think that my job in a way, as Jon's wife and companion was when he had his downs and his bad periods, to say the work is more important than the recognition.’
    • ‘Yes, I love my life. But it's not perfect. I have my downs as well.’
    • ‘I was into the… I have a right to do what I want, when I want… phase and so, I had a fair bit of downs too.’
    • ‘There were ups and downs of extreme, intense depression, and extreme, intense joy and hope.’
    • ‘The chemical depression lifts and you slowly start to become yourself again - with all that entails, ups and downs. I find now that with my new perspective, the downs are in some way enjoyable.’
    fit of depression, period of despondency
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1
      short for downer (sense 1)

Phrases

  • be (or have a) down on

    • informal Disapprove of; feel hostile or antagonistic toward.

      • ‘There's never been a telly in this house, you see, Tim is very down on the telly.’
      • ‘Over the years, readers may have gained the idea that the police in general, and London's Met police in particular, had a down on demonstrations.’
      • ‘Everyone in the press is so down on dance music’
      • ‘I am going to be accused of having a down on female drivers.’
      • ‘I really don't understand why they are so down on her.’
      • ‘He could tell Zan was seriously down on herself.’
      • ‘To be fair, we were down on Episode III from the outset.’
      • ‘‘Before I agreed to join Wigan, everyone was down on me and having a go because I was even considering it,’ he says.’
  • be down to

    • 1Be attributable to (a particular factor or circumstance)

      ‘he claimed his problems were down to the media’
      • ‘A spokesman for Columbus Direct, Britain's biggest independent holiday insurer, agreed that most claims were down to the customer's carelessness.’
      • ‘Police say this is partly down to a new system for how they deal with and record violent crime.’
      • ‘The reason why annuities currently represent such poor value for money - and are likely to do so for the foreseeable future - is down to low interest rates and other market factors.’
      • ‘The Government has claimed most of the job cuts were down to falling pupil numbers, but the survey suggested three-quarters of the redundancies and lost posts were in schools where rolls had stayed the same or risen.’
      • ‘But the modest schoolgirl claims all her success is down to the most important person in her life - her mum Sonia.’
      • ‘The reason organic farming has such a small market share is down to two factors; price pressure from supermarkets which can make a marginal crop unviable, and lack of support from the government.’
      • ‘Phillips claimed that class was not a major issue because ‘less than 10 percent of ethnic segregation is explained by economic factors, much more is down to history and to choice’.’
      • ‘But what we still are not sure about is how much of our performance at Imola was down to circumstances at the track that day.’
      • ‘Yet Dave Blackwell, leader of the Canvey Independent Party, disputed the council's claim that the savings were down to increased efficiency.’
      • ‘While they are willing to admit that some teenage eccentricities may be down to biological factors, they believe pressures imposed on them by modern society are also to blame.’
      1. 1.1Be the responsibility of (a particular person)
        ‘it's down to you to make sure the boiler receives regular servicing’
        • ‘We do not have a responsibility to the students - it is down to the council to provide transport for them.’
        • ‘Pointing out that all such products carry clear age restrictions like those on films, they maintain that responsibility for censorship is down to individual users and their parents.’
        • ‘‘The responsibility of logging incidents of bullying is down to the individual school,’ said a Council spokesman.’
        • ‘Earlier the court heard that the final decision as to what was contained in the maintenance contract was down to the person operationally responsible for the building and not design services.’
        • ‘A spokesperson for Burnley Council said: ‘It is down to dog owners to become more responsible.’’
        • ‘It's down to guys like me to pass on the flaming torch of knowledge to the next generation.’
        • ‘We all have to take responsibility for it because what happened was down to everybody - the parents, teachers, governors, and pupils.’
        • ‘But TGM's operations manager Maddie Norman stuck to her guns and claimed it was down to the council to rescue the service.’
        • ‘Meanwhile, Blackburn claim it is down to West Brom to make the next move in the wrangling over Neil Clement's proposed transfer to Ewood Park.’
        • ‘Whether that trend in carried forward in Southampton is now down to you.’
    • 2Be left with only (the specified amount)

      ‘I'm down to my last few dollars’
      • ‘So I lit up another cigarette - I was down to my last three by then, and at the start of my trip I had a fresh pack - and started thinking.’
      • ‘Even companies which a few years ago were sitting on treasure chests of spare cash are now down to their last few billions.’
      • ‘Bruce is down to his last 16 available players for tonight's game.’
      • ‘I was down to my last few dollars in poker chips when I made an astounding comeback.’
      • ‘Defence lawyers say Rupert was down to his last $1,100 when the FBI approached him.’
  • down in the mouth

    • informal (of a person or their expression) unhappy; dejected.

      • ‘Watkinson said: ‘Against Essex we were up against a side full of confidence and looking forward to a cup final, while maybe we were a bit down in the mouth after losing in the semi.’’
      • ‘Later on I learned that Steiger almost always was down in the mouth and, if he was in a good mood, had a wistful look about him.’
      • ‘Consequently, high street spending is likely to stay challenging as long as consumers remain down in the mouth.’
      • ‘Yet he still managed to find something to be down in the mouth about.’
      • ‘It is no wonder that the Government is a little down in the mouth this week.’
      • ‘It seems that City stockbrokers are a little down in the mouth.’
      • ‘She seems to accept it though and isn't getting too down in the mouth about it.’
      • ‘If you were down in the mouth over something, he'd come and snuggle up to you and give you a kiss.’
      • ‘When Rena visited me the other night, she was down in the mouth about something.’
      • ‘I was down in the mouth, feeling as though I had nothing going on in my life.’
      unhappy, dejected, sad, miserable, down, downhearted, downcast, depressed, blue, melancholy, gloomy, glum, dispirited, discouraged, disheartened, despondent, disconsolate, with a long face, forlorn, crestfallen, woebegone, subdued, fed up, out of sorts, low, in low spirits, in the doldrums, heavy-hearted
      View synonyms
  • down on one's luck

    • informal Experiencing a period of bad luck.

      • ‘Many of the papers last week featured the moving story of a young man who is currently down on his luck.’
      • ‘David meantime is currently building his own house, quite a feat for a man who in 1997 was down on his luck and had just had his house repossessed.’
      • ‘Vera Nicholls could be forgiven for thinking she was down on her luck when she found she was set lose her job - then a bingo win came just in time.’
      • ‘As popular as the Moog sound became, by the mid 1980's Robert Moog was down on his luck.’
      • ‘Peter Frost, the man who lived in a North Yorkshire car park while he was down on his luck, is building a new life for himself in Nottingham.’
      • ‘When a side is down on their luck the small things inevitably stack up against them - and this was certainly the case for the Cardiff Blues.’
      • ‘But the sad reality is that there are lots of people from these parts who sadly, for one reason of another have found themselves down on their luck across many parts of Britain, but particularly in London.’
      • ‘These guys are down on their luck, they're looking to make money.’
      • ‘He is down on his luck, for whatever reason, some of it almost certainly self-inflicted.’
      • ‘A couple of years ago I was really down on my luck.’
  • down to the ground

    • informal Completely.

      • ‘I've found a villa in the valley that should suit Mark and Jo down to the ground.’
      • ‘This may have been a rather heavy dish, but it suited me down to the ground.’
      • ‘Perhaps had I been in better condition, the place would have suited me right down to the ground.’
      • ‘He had moved there from California in 1984 and life in the sunny principality suited him down to the ground.’
      • ‘All of which will suit our approach to the game right down to the ground.’
      • ‘Jim said he has always wanted his own place, and is sure that the historic Fossgate gem will suit him down to the ground.’
      • ‘If you are interested in motor sport and would like to have a go, then the Concept cars will suit you down to the ground.’
      • ‘Sponsor Alan Ranger explained that the conditions in Poland suited Bolter's style down to the ground.’
      • ‘I've got three kids so it suits me down to the ground.’
      • ‘It may be basic and have a lot of pictures, but it suits me down to the ground.’
  • have (or put) someone/something down as

    • Judge someone or something to be (a particular type)

      ‘I never had Jake down as a ladies' man’
      • ‘He obviously had me down as just another buddy to hang out with every now and then.’
      • ‘It's a surreal moment - not that I expected him to be strung out in the toilet, but I just didn't have Gillespie down as a tea-and-a-cake kind of guy.’
      • ‘If it were just the arch alone, with no other clues, I'd put it down as a Tudor fireplace.’
      • ‘To be honest I'd never really rated him that highly and had him down as more of a ‘reliable journeyman’ but this season his performances have been nothing short of outstanding.’
      • ‘Of course it was dramatic at this precise moment, but it wouldn't last long, and then we'd just put it down as a bad experience.’
      • ‘The salon owner really has annoyed me, as he offered no recompense whatsoever, he's obviously relying on the fact that most women walk away meekly putting the experience down as just one of those things.’
      • ‘He speaks with such authority and self-possession about his work that I have him down as a young-looking mid-30s, until he tells me he is 24.’
      • ‘Although the lack of sunshine may have kept away some of the crowds, the bars in the area can still put the event down as a success.’
      • ‘Next visit to the bookshop, I'm forced to bluff that I raced through it in less than an hour (in case they have me down as a halfwit capable only of gawping at household hints in Take a Break).’
      • ‘Clearly he has himself down as a bit of a Lothario and us as a couple of gold-digging harpies.’
  • down cold

    • Memorized or mastered perfectly.

      ‘a guy who has his art history down cold’
      • ‘He's got that curmudgeonly Elder Statesman role down pat.’
      • ‘Dion, too, has her routine down pat, leaving her house about 5pm, taking the stage about 8: 30, finishing around 10 and arriving home as early as 11.’
      • ‘James Garner has the friendly Western character down pat from his ‘Maverick’ days, but is playing even more tongue in cheek here.’
      • ‘He's got the whole ‘rebel without a cause’ look down pat.’
      • ‘They have the programming and sounds of 1979-81 down pat but they mostly avoid the pop engagement that was a central part of the records Phil Oakey or Giorgio Moroder or even Kraftwerk were making at the time.’
      • ‘The night's star was unquestionably Nadia Turner, who had both the look and the voice down pat.’
      • ‘He has the glib huckster's speech patterns down pat, but his arguments are utter nonsense.’
      • ‘I get the routine down pat, so I'm free to concentrate on what really matters - comedy.’
      • ‘The screen roles, home videos, interviews and biographies all helped Rush to get the physical mannerisms down pat, and to recreate some of the iconic moments from The Pink Panther and Dr Strangelove.’
      • ‘No-one could really expect us to have it all down pat before we've even set the scene.’

Origin

Old English dūn, dūne, shortened from adūne ‘downward’, from the phrase of dūne ‘off the hill’ (see down).

Pronunciation

down

/daʊn//doun/

Main definitions of down in English

: down1down2down3Down4

down2

noun

  • 1Soft, fine, fluffy feathers which form the first covering of a young bird or an insulating layer below the contour feathers of an adult bird.

    • ‘This soft down is not a real feather, but works as a temporary covering.’
    soft feathers, fluff, fuzz, floss, lint, bloom, fine hair, nap, pile
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Soft fine fluffy feathers taken from ducks or their nests and used for stuffing cushions, quilts, etc.; eiderdown.
      • ‘I bought a down comforter to put inside the duvet.’
    2. 1.2 Fine, soft hair on the face or body of a person.
      ‘the baby's head was covered in down’
      • ‘Every single women on the planet has 'down' on her face- in fact, it's what gives some women that 'perfect complexion' look.’
    3. 1.3 Short, soft hairs on some leaves, fruit, or seeds.
      • ‘Its leaves, which turn a deep crimson in autumn, are rounded and covered with down.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old Norse dúnn.

Pronunciation

down

/doun//daʊn/

Main definitions of down in English

: down1down2down3Down4

down3

noun

usually downs
  • 1A gently rolling hill.

    ‘the gentle green contours of the downs’
    • ‘The county of Wiltshire is sometimes referred to as the chalk and cheese county, dairy products from the lush Salisbury Plain and sheep on the downs.’
    • ‘Having used the sprawling downs for a variety of purposes including grazing their buffaloes over the years, some of the Toda youth are now in the process of adding a new chapter to their chequered history.’
    • ‘From the village of Jevington climb steeply over the downs then descend to Alfriston, from where you climb again before turning south at Bostal Hill down to the Cuckmere Estuary.’
    • ‘He added the last bit with a glare that went around the whole car, taking note of everyone's expressions as they neared their target, their faces growing grimmer as the flat roads began to move into the rolling hills of the downs.’
    • ‘Owned by descendants of the original lessees who took up the station - sight unseen - in 1877, the famous black soil downs carry more than 60,000 cattle.’
    • ‘The regions rolling hills of this region which are almost treeless like the downs of southern England, have their own quiet beauty.’
    • ‘Set on the northern edge of the Hampshire downs, Beacon Hill commands fine views northwards with defences utilizing the local topography to good effect.’
    • ‘The hills and downs area seemed remote and edgy, in a way far from relaxing.’
    • ‘I experienced a similar feeling one August night when we climbed the downs around Folkestone to lie under a meteor shower.’
    • ‘The sky is broodingly grey over the humid downs of the Barkly Tableland as a mob of well-fed white Brahman cows and calves quietly shift across the green expanse.’
    • ‘Under the Countryside and Rights of Way Act, which came into effect in 2001, the Countryside Agency is charged with drawing up a map giving public access to many mountains, moors, heaths and downs.’
    1. 1.1 Ridges of undulating chalk and limestone hills in southern England, with few trees and used mainly for pasture.
      • ‘But the mainstay of the county was the sheep on the chalk downs around Dorchester and the cattle in the vale of Blackmoor to the north.’
      • ‘Situated on a spur on the western edge of the Wessex downs, Eggardon overlooks undulating valley land.’

Origin

Old English dūn ‘hill’ (related to Dutch duin ‘dune’), perhaps ultimately of Celtic origin and related to Old Irish dún and obsolete Welsh din ‘fort’, which are from an Indo-European root shared by town.

Pronunciation

down

/doun//daʊn/

Main definitions of down in English

: down1down2down3Down4

Down4

proper noun

  • One of the six counties of Northern Ireland, formerly an administrative area; chief town, Downpatrick.

Pronunciation

Down

/doun//daʊn/