Relating to or denoting a group of mainly Sunni Muslim peoples of the northwest Caucasus.
- ‘Special seats were set aside in parliament for Christian, Chechen, Circassian, and Bedouin minorities.’
- ‘Circassian tribes were welcomed by the Ottoman Empire for practical reasons.’
- ‘When he built this hotel in 1912 he filled it with Austrian crystal chandeliers, Circassian walnut paneling, and an Italian marble staircase and floors.’
- ‘It set off her golden eyes, and her very light blond hair, a legacy of her Circassian ancestors.’
- ‘Neriman decided to show me Circassian clothing.’
1A member of the Circassian.
- ‘The North Caucasus houses Circassians, Turkic peoples, Ossetians, and Chechens; Dagestan alone contains dozens of nationalities.’
- ‘These groups include Circassians, Ossetians, and Cabardins.’
- ‘From 1382 onwards the rulers were mostly Circassians from the Caucasus.’
- ‘While the Druze and the Circassians were made to serve in the armed forces, Muslims and Christians were not allowed to do so.’
- ‘Over the next 50 years, hundreds of thousands of Chechens and Circassians were relocated to various parts of the czarist empire.’
- ‘The whole nation of Circassians numbering 400,000 people left their homeland in western Caucasus and moved to Turkey.’
- ‘Thus Circassians, Albanians, Slavs, Greeks, Armenians and even Italians rose to occupy the highest offices of the Empire.’
- ‘The Circassians, who are Muslim, are of Russian origin and generally have fair hair and skin.’
- ‘Among the resisters were the Circassians in the west and the Chechens and Dagestanis in the east, all Muslims.’
- ‘Arabs represented 98 percent of the population, Circassians one percent, and Armenians one percent.’
2Either of two North Caucasian languages of the Circassian.
- ‘Even in Turkey the younger generation still speak Circassian - albeit only poorly, as a second language.’
- ‘There's this old man who constantly harasses me about how I don't speak Circassian.’
- ‘They are bilingual, and speak and write Circassian as well as Abaza.’
- ‘Kurdish, Armenian, and Circassian also are spoken.’
- ‘They learn Hebrew, English and Circassian at school.’
From Circassia, Latinized form of Russian Cherkes, denoting a district in the northern Caucasus.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.