Definition of Chinese in US English:

Chinese

adjective

  • 1Relating to China or its language, culture, or people.

    • ‘As a Harvard undergraduate, Eisenberg had been fascinated by Chinese history and culture.’
    • ‘It has a different language, and Chinese artists have their own sense of pride.’
    • ‘Whether you are interested in Chinese history, Chinese culture or Chinese scenery, your trip will be very interesting.’
    • ‘The Chinese culture and language are very complex in the eyes of most Westerners.’
    • ‘When the government banned all expressions of Chinese art and culture in 1967, Thio switched professions.’
    • ‘It could also help to improve their Chinese language abilities and assist them in further studies and when it came to finding jobs.’
    • ‘Far from spreading overseas, as the English language has spread, and Hollywood has spread, Chinese culture seems to stay firmly in China.’
    • ‘This is an important part of Chinese culture and visitors can sample teas from all over China.’
    • ‘For example, the character ‘good’ is made up of two halves signifying mother and child, emphasising the family focus within Chinese culture.’
    • ‘In the domestic Chinese language media, however, officials cite infection figures as low as 40,000’
    • ‘He saw my Chinese language book and said that his aunt had travelled to China in 1903 to do Protestant missionary work.’
    • ‘Though Shanghai provides an interesting window into modern China, my travels outside highlighted diverse facets of Chinese culture.’
    • ‘Feng Shui, which is deeply rooted in ancient Chinese folk culture, is an important element in architecture here.’
    • ‘The network will spearhead the teaching of Chinese language and culture worldwide while strengthening economic and business ties.’
    • ‘Birds have held an important position in Chinese culture for millennia, appearing as background decor even on the earliest silk paintings.’
    • ‘Investing a sizeable $10 bn, the government is also sponsoring a worldwide network of schools to promote Chinese culture and language.’
    • ‘But Chinese culture had a very different idea of visual truth than Hegel had, and hence a different view of the aims of representation.’
    • ‘Actually, it is our own opinion that memory skills are valued by the Chinese culture because they are required to learn the written language.’
    • ‘Japan has actually two written languages: borrowed Chinese characters and a phonetic squiggle alphabet.’
    • ‘The national ensemble for Chinese music and dance will present folklore and a history of the distant culture of Chinese people.’
    1. 1.1 Belonging to or relating to the people forming the dominant ethnic group of China and widely dispersed elsewhere.
      Also called Han
      • ‘Although it has yet to be confirmed whether the woman in the video is a Chinese citizen or an ethnic Chinese Malaysian, Beijing reacted strongly.’
      • ‘Song has solicited support from ethnic Chinese scholars for the open letter to China's president.’
      • ‘This gorgeous specimen of a Chinese boy belonged in a museum, carved in the finest marble.’
      • ‘This was possible because supporters could be identified as a specific minority - ethnic Chinese working at the plantations.’
      • ‘Tung became the first ethnic Chinese driver to test a Formula One car last year when he completed 42 laps in a BMW-Williams at the Jerez circuit in Spain.’
      • ‘The salesman referred to APP's founders, the Widjajas, an ethnic Chinese clan from Indonesia.’
      • ‘He was imprisoned briefly in 1960 for defending Indonesia's ethnic Chinese minority.’
      • ‘And indeed ethnic Chinese children living in Hong Kong have a far higher rate of asthma than children in nearby Guangzhou and in Beijing far to the north.’
      • ‘In the mid-17th Century, a Chinese Jesuit had written a set of canticles widely performed by Chinese Catholics.’
      • ‘Newell focuses on the amazing careers of two ethnic Chinese entrepreneurs, Chang Toy and Yip Sang.’
      • ‘Given the wealth that the ethnic Chinese control, this is probably not an unwise strategy.’
      • ‘MCA prides itself as being the champion of the ethnic Chinese community in the predominantly Malay-Muslim country.’
      • ‘There is an even mix of Malay-Muslims and ethnic Chinese voters in the constituency at just over 47% each.’
      • ‘A large percentage of respondents objected to mixed marriages between ethnic Chinese Indonesians and indigenous Indonesians.’
      • ‘Health authorities said the infections at the hospital have been traced to an ethnic Chinese man in his 60s.’
      • ‘The PFP and KMT won most of their seats in these areas, as well as among the Hakka Chinese ethnic group or Taiwan's aboriginal communities.’
      • ‘The passports belonging to the Chinese workers are held by management, supposedly for ‘safe keeping’.’
      • ‘In urban centres, there are small Indian, Arab, and ethnic Chinese communities.’
      • ‘This ancient festival, which has its origins in the ethnic Chinese community, calls upon deities for blessings and prosperity.’
      • ‘To illustrate the cultural underpinnings of economic success, McGurn tells a story about a visit he made to an ethnic Chinese family in Manila.’

noun

  • 1The Chinese language.

    • ‘His poems have been translated into all Indian languages and foreign languages, including Chinese, French and German.’
    • ‘Three novels are out and translated in most of the major languages, barring Chinese.’
    • ‘These languages include Chinese, Hindi / Urdu, Japanese, Juang, Korean, Icelandic, Lithuanian, and Russian.’
    • ‘The fact that up to one million people in Britain are bilingual in some of the world's great languages like Chinese, Hindi, Bengali and Spanish should be celebrated.’
    • ‘The school uses English and Chinese as the languages of instruction.’
    • ‘This was offered in broadband by BBC News interactive in six languages including Urdu, Chinese and Arabic.’
    • ‘Four had taught Spanish as a second Language to Chinese, Moroccan, and Eastern European immigrants for a very limited time.’
    • ‘Skills developed as a result of the workshop can be used to go on to learn other tonal and non-tonal languages including Chinese, Vietnamese and Indonesian.’
    • ‘It handles the above languages plus Russian, Chinese, Japanese and Korean.’
    • ‘All the menus can be changed to support multiple languages, including Chinese, German, French and Japanese.’
    • ‘Many of the signs on Christmas Island are in 3 languages - Chinese, Malay and English.’
    • ‘The majority of the population in Hong Kong is Chinese and speaks Cantonese, a dialect of Chinese, as the language for daily communication.’
    • ‘Schools in Tibet have been transformed to teach only to those students willing to learn in Chinese, a language most Tibetans do not speak.’
    • ‘The Beatles Anthology will be published in Britain and the USA, with plans to have it translated into dozens of languages, including Chinese.’
    • ‘Of course, English is a far more global language - though primarily as a second language - than Chinese, the vast majority of whose speakers live in China.’
    • ‘In addition, they were encouraged to use the Manchu language, rather than Chinese.’
    • ‘Although China is becoming more inclusive, Chinese as a language is quite exclusive.’
    • ‘Fewer than 50,000 students study Chinese, a language spoken by almost 1.5 billion people worldwide.’
    • ‘I feel very strongly that my first language was Chinese - my mother tongue.’
    • ‘He went so far as to recommend Chinese as the universal language.’
  • 2A native or inhabitant of China, or a person of Chinese descent.

    Chinese, a member of the Sino-Tibetan language family, is the world's most commonly spoken first language, with an estimated 1.2 billion native speakers worldwide. The script is logographic, using characters that originated as stylized pictographs but now also represent abstract concepts and the sounds of syllables. Though complex, it permits written communication between speakers of the many dialects, most of which are mutually incomprehensible in speech. About 8,000 characters are in everyday use, some having been simplified during the 20th century. For transliteration into the Roman alphabet, the Pinyin system is now usually used

    • ‘It was retold by the Chinese and by the national minorities of southern and southwest China.’
    • ‘SARS threatens China and the Chinese in a variety of major and extremely dangerous ways.’
    • ‘Hartley easily beat Wu Minxia of China, preventing the Chinese from a possible sweep of diving gold medals.’
    • ‘By the end of the Nineteenth Century, a strong sense of nationalism swept over China and many wanted to reclaim China for the Chinese.’
    • ‘And this is why John Snow was over in China recently asking the Chinese to let their currency, the yuan, rise against the dollar.’
    • ‘Indians abroad are as fond of their mother country as the Chinese are fond of China, but investment isn't a matter of the heart.’
    • ‘If so, then plainly the Chinese of China were, in MacDonald's jargon, the ‘ingroup’.’
    • ‘Fighting the Chinese in China would have led to a nuclear exchange with the Soviet Union.’
    • ‘As McArthur's forces drew closer to the Chinese border, the Chinese delivered many threats warning of consequences.’
    • ‘In table tennis, the Chinese are the dominant nation.’
    • ‘In turn, many missionaries came to China to convert the Chinese to Christianity as part of colonization.’
    • ‘The purpose of the airlift was to carry enough supplies into Western China to keep the Chinese in the war.’

Pronunciation

Chinese

/ˌtʃaɪˈniz//ˌCHīˈnēz/