Definition of Caesar in US English:



  • 1A title used by Roman emperors, especially those from Augustus to Hadrian.

    See also Julius Caesar
    • ‘Rome was still some 2,500-odd years away, but Memnon would have fit right in with the Caesars and Augustuses of later times.’
    • ‘In 1869, at the age of thirteen, he assembled images from visits to Rome, Naples, and Munich in an album given to him by his mother, his themes included Greek and Roman poets, the first Caesars, and classical statues.’
    • ‘The king of the gods outlines Roman history down to the point of the Caesars.’
    • ‘Marcus Aurelius, a pretty decent Caesar as Caesars go, could not pass a law against his depraved son, Commodus.’
    • ‘His work was adored by the Caesars and quickly became part of the traditional Roman school and literature program.’
    • ‘One can only live well in the dear shadow of Sicily, under the rule of a prince who eclipses that of the Caesars!’
    • ‘Go back to the Rome of the Caesars and Nero and Caligula.’
    • ‘Similarly, the genealogy of Roman imperial rule represented by the busts of the twelve Caesars in the tipper portico anticipated the genealogical unfolding of Farnese ducal rule in Parma and Piacenza represented in the lower portico.’
    • ‘These passages could be seen in the socio-political sweep of their emperors, Caesars, and pharaons as case studies in forced labor and territorial control.’
    • ‘He founded a dynasty that lasted until the Caesars conquered them.’
    • ‘Perhaps 40 years ago the rich hired courtroom sketch artists; perhaps in Roman times the Caesars commanded artisans to instantly fix the event in mosaic tiles.’
    • ‘Under the Caesars of the late Republic and throughout the history of the Empire, combined with the forces of individualism and barbarian invasion, the Empire collapsed.’
    • ‘Today's Vatican is a creation of the great Renaissance popes, who used the symbolism of the Rome of the Caesars to dominate the Roman barons and establish Rome as the seat of the church.’
    • ‘Charlemagne's great new palace at Aachen was built on classical Roman lines, embellished with sculptures and bronzes which would not have disgraced the Rome of the Caesars.’
    1. 1.1 An autocrat.
      • ‘Do you see yourself as a Ceasar?’
      • ‘You are acting as a Ceasar of territories, conquering land and sea to gain control of the Empire.’
      • ‘Treat any chief executive as a Caesar and pretty soon he'll behave like one.’
  • 2British Medicine
    informal A caesarean section.


  • Caesar's wife

    • A person who is required to be above suspicion.

      • ‘Still, they expect their leaders to be, like Caesar's wife, above suspicion.’
      • ‘Like Caesar's wife, he strives to be above reproach, but reputation is a fragile thing - easy to damage, slow to mend, and it can only be protected one day at a time.’
      • ‘And she set an example that, you know, she was supposed to be like Caesar's wife, beyond reproach.’
      • ‘They have to be like Caesar's wife - totally above suspicion.’
      • ‘We depend, unfortunately, on foreign capital for a lot of our financing, which means we have to have a - we have to be like Caesar's wife with respect to our financial system.’
      • ‘If you are running a trading operation, you have to be like Caesar's wife, beyond reproach.’
      • ‘The media, he says, like to ‘out’ a referee who is supposed to be like Caesar's wife, completely above suspicion.’
      • ‘The people who have donated did so because they believe in the concept of an independent journalist who, like Caesar's wife, is above even the appearance of reproach - or the influence of advertisers.’
      • ‘Anyone putting him/her self up for public office should, ideally, be like Caesar's wife, beyond reproach.’
      • ‘The Senate leader of a party with a less-than-stellar history on race relations must, on this issue at the very least, be like Caesar's wife: above reproach.’
      • ‘For it to work properly it had to be like Caesar's wife, above suspicion.’


Middle English: from Latin Caesar, family name of the Roman statesman Julius Caesar.