Definition of Bulgaria in US English:


proper noun

  • A country in southeastern Europe on the western shores of the Black Sea; population 7,100,000 (estimated 2015); official language, Bulgarian; capital, Sofia.

Part of the Ottoman Empire from the 14th century, Bulgaria remained under Turkish rule until the late 19th century, becoming independent in 1908. A communist state was set up by the former Soviet Union after World War II, and a multiparty democratic system was introduced in 1989. Bulgaria joined NATO in 2004 and became a member of the EU in 2007


Named after the Bulgars (see Bulgar).