Main definitions of battery in English

: battery1Battery2

battery1

noun

  • 1A container consisting of one or more cells, in which chemical energy is converted into electricity and used as a source of power.

    as modifier ‘battery power’
    • ‘However, the short and unpredictable life spans of existing chemical batteries means that new power supply solutions are needed.’
    • ‘For short missions, power can be provided by batteries or fuel cells, which produce power from chemical energy.’
    • ‘The redox reaction in the battery is the source of the electrical energy; batteries are voltaic cells.’
    • ‘If there's no electricity, how do you get the energy to power the batteries for the cameras?’
    • ‘An electromagnet starts with a battery (or some other source of power) and a wire.’
    • ‘The batteries that power the electric motor cost thousands.’
    • ‘The cells in a car battery generate electricity with a chemical reaction between a lead plate and a lead dioxide plate that are bathed in acid.’
    • ‘Compared to batteries, fuel cells will be smaller, much lighter and instantly rechargeable.’
    • ‘While the new electrodes have not yet been tested in fuel cells or batteries, Liu expects they will significantly boost energy output.’
    • ‘If there is no electrical hookup, it can use the energy from a car battery, solar cell, or bicycle generator.’
    • ‘A quartz watch powered by a battery is constantly powered and tells accurate time all the time and do not need time adjustment.’
    • ‘The product is advertised to operate using static electricity only and requiring no batteries or other power sources.’
    • ‘These engines also could provide electrical power instead of relying on solar cells or batteries.’
    • ‘The electricity that we get from power outlets and batteries can power all different kinds of devices.’
    • ‘You can see why there is so much excitement around fuel cells right now - fuel cells solve the battery problem.’
    • ‘Some analysts foresee fuel cells replacing batteries in consumer electronics and other applications before long.’
    • ‘Hidden within cell phones, laptops, and digital cameras, lithium-ion batteries increasingly power the world.’
    • ‘At low speeds, the car uses only the electric motor powered by batteries.’
    • ‘Clocks go faster or slower over time, batteries and power sources go dead, or important time changes, such as daylight saving, can be forgotten.’
    • ‘Standard batteries can power digital cellphones for several hours of transmission or days of standby operation.’
    cell, accumulator, power unit
    View synonyms
  • 2A fortified emplacement for heavy guns.

    • ‘They began to take out various Patriot missile batteries and various boats patrolling up and down the river.’
    • ‘The lights on the side were on, and it seemed its radar dishes were rotating, plus several of the unmanned turrets and missile batteries on the side were armed.’
    • ‘Private Bergot is not in the trenches like his higher-ranking officers, and he is not manning an anti-aircraft battery or a cannon.’
    • ‘I gritted my teeth and swallowed hard, my thoughts briefly turning to the heavy missile batteries and the people who crewed them.’
    • ‘Right around me there are Patriot anti-aircraft missile batteries.’
    • ‘To this day, a casual walk along the Normandy coast reveals scores of entrenched batteries and nearly monumental emplacements of concrete.’
    • ‘Whenever we saw an anti-aircraft battery or munitions dump, we took it out.’
    • ‘The missile batteries had ceased firing as the shorter range made them less effective.’
    • ‘My first command was an antiaircraft battery in the Washington-Baltimore defense perimeter.’
    • ‘These new air defense units are a composite of Patriot, Avenger, and Stinger Missile batteries.’
    • ‘The US coastguard imposed a three-mile boat exclusion zone around the island and Patriot anti-aircraft missile batteries were installed on beaches.’
    • ‘The shore batteries took a heavy toll of the landing craft, particularly at Westkapelle, and supporting armour bogged down in the soft clay.’
    • ‘Over a quarter served in anti-aircraft batteries where they came under fire and operated searchlights and targeting instruments.’
    • ‘We will be assisted by heavy artillery-grade missile batteries that launch from further inside the complex.’
    • ‘In this war, the Patriot missile batteries were used in a really innovative way.’
    • ‘Mrs Reston was one of the last to leave, and carried her son across the battery, under heavy bombardment, to the waiting boat.’
    • ‘The Italian army has installed anti-aircraft missile batteries around Rome, and Nato is sending a surveillance plane to overfly the city.’
    • ‘To frustrate airborne landings, obstacles were set up, areas flooded and a nightmare of antiaircraft batteries were ready.’
    • ‘At five o'clock, a convoy even brought a heavy missile battery.’
    • ‘The first fortification was the emplacement of anti-aircraft batteries and machine-guns for defense of the skies.’
    1. 2.1 An artillery subunit of guns, men, and vehicles.
      • ‘Numerically, each of its three cavalry squadrons has the equivalent of a tank battalion, a mechanized battalion, and an artillery battery.’
      • ‘There are no heavy battalions or massed batteries in this picture.’
      • ‘Anti-aircraft fire required tables that were far more detailed than those used by field artillery batteries.’
      • ‘This consisted of 10 regular and 18 irregular regiments of cavalry, 74 regiments of infantry, and 22 artillery batteries.’
      • ‘Having readied their batteries for war, commanders now had to deal with preserving the peace.’
      • ‘The first unit that they saw was an artillery battery on the other side of an open field.’
      • ‘Even in engaging artillery batteries, the aim was primarily to wipe out the crews.’
      • ‘The number of rapidly deployable mobile batteries used on each mission by the Army will depend on the operational requirements.’
      • ‘It was not uncommon for a brigade to have a cavalry troop or artillery battery as part of its organic makeup.’
      • ‘The task force later lost the howitzer battery, separate infantry platoon, and engineer platoon.’
      • ‘The fire support battalion will consolidate the two mortar platoons of the original battalions into batteries.’
      • ‘Ocean carries an artillery battery and can be used to supply the paratroopers, who are at present lightly armed, with more weapons.’
      • ‘Meanwhile the enemy had with astonishing rapidity brought a number of powerful batteries of artillery into position behind the Marre ridge, on the western bank of the river.’
      • ‘Wouldn't an artillery battery or a couple of guns have required troops to defend it?’
      • ‘Regiments would have an organic six-gun artillery battery and a reconnaissance troop.’
      • ‘However, the Panzer Regiment destroyed a motorized column and an artillery battery before the French could withdraw.’
      • ‘The mortar platoon is the personal artillery battery for the battalion commander.’
      • ‘I also compare between women who serve in an artillery battery and women who serve in an infantry company.’
      • ‘The disappearance of the classical front line required that artillery batteries fight as infantry in the defense of their guns.’
      • ‘The artillery batteries ' duties quickly changed to extending, improving and maintaining a brigade-sized defensive perimeter.’
      gun emplacement, artillery unit
      View synonyms
  • 3A set of units of equipment, typically when connected together.

    ‘a battery of equipment to monitor blood pressure’
    • ‘Rolling to his right, he took cover behind a battery of computer equipment.’
    • ‘Today you would need a battery of electronic equipment to measure the difference in noise and vibration between, say, a Focus and a Mondeo.’
    • ‘There is also a battery of powerful surveillance and monitoring equipment located inside and on the perimeter wall of Grosvenor Road barracks.’
    array, set, bank, group, row, line, line-up, raft, collection, assortment
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1 An extensive series, sequence, or range of things.
      ‘children given a battery of tests’
      • ‘An important reason for including this test in our battery was that there is evidence to suggest that performance on this test is strongly related to reading comprehension.’
      • ‘A battery of neuropsychological tests were also administered by IVR with a standard touch-tone telephone.’
      • ‘Gladys was moved to the cardiology ward but again, despite a further battery of tests (including repeating earlier ones) no one could say for sure what caused her pain.’
      • ‘They also completed several batteries of tests and scales to help gauge their quality of life, mental and physical functioning and mood.’
      • ‘At six months, a single leg hop for distance was added to the battery of tests.’
      • ‘The battery consisted of seven tests that were enumerated according to the construct they tapped.’
      • ‘Each gambler is subjected to a battery of psychological tests prior to the treatment program, and again at the completion of the program.’
      • ‘As a part of a concussion preventive program, they routinely do a battery of baseline psychological and brain function tests on all entrants.’
      • ‘Each patient underwent the same battery of tests before surgery, at discharge, three months after surgery, and two years after surgery.’
      • ‘Comprehensive batteries of tests have been developed to provide quantitative measures of fluency and comprehension and to assess a range of linguistic abilities.’
      • ‘A battery of films is lined up for release next week.’
      • ‘In these experiments, test subjects with maladies ranging from severe brain trauma to bipolar disorder undergo a battery of visual tests.’
      • ‘No single lab test helps with the diagnosis; however, a battery of tests should be performed to rule out medical complications of starvation.’
      • ‘Atopy was assessed by skin prick tests with a battery of 10 common inhalant allergens.’
      • ‘If you're a student that's been asked to run a battery of qualitative organic tests, you should ask for a refund of your tuition.’
      • ‘Well, their total scores on the Wechsler battery of mental tests correlate at 0.69.’
      • ‘You may undergo a battery of diagnostic tests and try a variety of treatment methods.’
      • ‘A battery of psychological tests administered to me at this time tells the story of my mental status in a stark manner that clearly outlines my assets and deficits.’
      • ‘Our extensive battery of outcome measures, which focus mainly on physical benefits, is unlikely to capture the full extent of these apparent social benefits.’
      • ‘Children completed a battery of neuropsychological tests in the areas of processing speed, vigilance, and inhibition.’
      series, sequence, range, set, cycle, chain, string, progression, succession
      View synonyms
  • 4Law
    The crime or tort of unconsented physical contact with another person, even where the contact is not violent but merely menacing or offensive.

    • ‘Kantor has listed three of them in her complaint: assault, battery, and intentional infliction of emotional distress.’
    • ‘Now he awaits trial for first-degree murder, attempted murder, and aggravated battery.’
    • ‘The guy has previous convictions for kidnapping, battery and assault.’
    • ‘In most cases of battery or actual bodily harm the causal connection will be plain, but cases involving drugs have presented difficulties.’
    • ‘That would be a criminal action, namely assault (rather than battery which includes physical contact).’
    violence, assault, mugging
    View synonyms
  • 5the batteryBaseball
    The pitcher and the catcher in a game, considered as a unit.

    • ‘The defensive baseball positions can be divided into three main categories: 1) the battery, 2) infielders, 3) outfielders.’
    • ‘By "Clicking On" the pitcher's name you can see their battery mates for all of their starts as well as their shutouts.’
    • ‘I was all excited to report on the fact Philadelphia started an all-Independent Baseball battery yesterday for its Grapefruit League game against Cleveland in Winter Haven, FL.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French baterie, from battre ‘to strike’, from Latin battuere. The original sense was ‘metal articles wrought by hammering’, later ‘a number of pieces of artillery used together’, whence ‘a number of Leyden jars connected up so as to discharge simultaneously’ (mid 18th century), giving rise to battery (sense 1).

Pronunciation

battery

/ˈbadərē//ˈbædəri/

Main definitions of battery in English

: battery1Battery2

Battery2

proper noun

the Battery
  • A historic area at the southern end of Manhattan Island in New York City.

Pronunciation

Battery

/ˈbadərē/