One of a pair of glands lying near the entrance of the vagina, which secrete a fluid that lubricates the vulva.
- ‘I have my patients stand while I perform a bimanual examination and try to feel for Bartholin's gland enlargement, prolapse, cystocele, rectocele and tightening of the vaginal muscles on digital insertion.’
- ‘A Bartholin's gland may become enlarged from cystic dilatation, abscess, or adenocarcinoma.’
- ‘Because the Bartholin's glands usually shrink during menopause, a vulvar growth in a postmenopausal woman should be evaluated for malignancy, especially if the mass is irregular, nodular, and persistently indurated.’
- ‘Excision of the Bartholin's gland should be considered in patients who do not respond to conservative attempts to create a drainage tract, but the procedure should be performed when there is no active infection.’
Early 18th century: named by Caspar Bartholin (1655–1738), Danish anatomist, as a tribute to his father.