Definition of BSE in English:



  • Bovine spongiform encephalopathy, a usually fatal disease of cattle affecting the central nervous system, causing agitation and staggering. It is thought to be caused by an agent such as a prion or a virino, and its possible connection with Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease in humans is still much debated.

    Also (popularly) called mad cow disease
    • ‘Mad cow disease, or bovine spongiform encephalopathy, eats holes in the brains of cattle.’
    • ‘This brain disease-related to bovine spongiform encephalopathy (mad-cow disease) - is likely caused by an abnormal protein called a prion.’
    • ‘Eating beef from cattle infected with mad cow disease, or bovine spongiform encephalopathy, can cause a fatal brain disorder in humans.’
    • ‘When bovine spongiform encephalopathy fears devastated the livestock industry in the United Kingdom two years ago, Empire Live stock played a leading role in addressing public concerns about the safety of domestic livestock.’
    • ‘Chapter 5, by Martin Groschup et al, describes immunohistochemical analysis of the abnormal prion proteins in bovine spongiform encephalopathy and scrapie.’
    • ‘While there has been no incidence of mad cow disease, or bovine spongiform encephalopathy, in the United States, the disease has garnered a great deal of attention in the U.S. media in recent weeks.’
    • ‘More than five million cattle across Europe have been killed to stop the spread of mad cow disease, formally called bovine spongiform encephalopathy.’
    • ‘Such study also raises the question of whether this is a new disease, as the hypothesis of the infectivity of the bovine spongiform encephalopathy prion to humans and the novelty of the condition are inextricably linked.’
    • ‘The prions that cause bovine spongiform encephalopathy and Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease aren't broken down by normal cooking temperatures.’
    • ‘Prions are misshaped proteins believed to cause bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or mad cow disease.’
    • ‘Scientists originally believed the goat had scrapie, a disease similar to bovine spongiform encephalopathy.’
    • ‘Yet the response of any continent or country unfortunate enough to discover bovine spongiform encephalopathy, BSE or mad cow disease, in its midst can be as different as night and day.’
    • ‘Mad cow disease, officially known as bovine spongiform encephalopathy, spreads when an animal consumes feed, such as meat and bone meal, that contains nervous system tissue from an infected animal.’
    • ‘National Cattlemen's Beef Association identified bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE or Mad Cow Disease) as a crisis issue more than 20 years ago.’
    • ‘Due to red meat consumption, bovine spongiform encephalopathy disease has been a major human health concern since its discovery in 1986.’
    • ‘The news just before Christmas that a case of mad cow disease, bovine spongiform encephalopathy, had been discovered in a cow in Washington State brought a smile, or at least a grimace of relief to Canadian farmers.’
    • ‘Seven months later, the UK Central Veterinary Laboratory diagnosed bovine spongiform encephalopathy as the cause of its death.’
    • ‘Of course, some are country specific, as was demonstrated during the 1990s by the outbreak of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE or Mad Cow disease) in the British beef and dairy herds.’
    • ‘Younger cattle are less likely to suffer from the fatal brain wasting disease, officially known as bovine spongiform encephalopathy.’
    • ‘Mad cow disease, formally known as bovine spongiform encephalopathy, is a fatal disease of the central nervous system.’