Definition of Arminian in US English:

Arminian

adjective

  • Relating to the doctrines of Jacobus Arminius (Latinized name of Jakob Hermandszoon, 1560–1609), a Dutch Protestant theologian who rejected the Calvinist doctrine of predestination. His teachings had a considerable influence on Methodism.

    • ‘Questionable conversion was something I already knew about, even while mired in a thorough-going Arminian theology.’
    • ‘Even though I presently attend a church whose theology is shaped by American Arminian revivalism, I doggedly affirm predestination and election to be a staple of Scripture's story - to the dismay of my pastor.’
    • ‘While it may be incorrect to assume that these first English Baptists were full-fledged Arminians, Smyth, Helwys, and their followers certainly held to ideas consistent with Arminian theology.’
    • ‘By the time he wrote A Sober View it seems that Traherne was making a journey away from his earlier Calvinist / Furitan leanings towards the Arminian camp.’
    • ‘Hence there are in Austria Mennonite, Brethren and Baptist churches of varying Arminian complexions.’
    • ‘The controversy originated through the incursion of Arminian preachers into the Calvinistic Methodist churches of 18th century Wales.’
    • ‘Hunter is not alone in observing this ‘evangelical megashift’. Some have argued that it is a purely theological matter, that the Calvinistic stronghold in evangelicalism is giving way to a more Arminian influence.’
    • ‘The second work in the manuscript is argumentative and polemical, engaged not in the interior life so much as in the Calvinist / Arminian debate.’
    • ‘These people spoke with great harshness of Arminians and of John Wesley, the Arminian leader, in particular.’
    • ‘The principle of election is shared by many Christians, including the Calvinists and the subsequent Arminian movement.’
    • ‘There is little history, for instance, of disagreement over Calvinist or Arminian views.’
    • ‘From this followed other Arminian views such as that it is possible for Christians to forfeit their salvation.’
    • ‘These missionaries often labour in the face of indifference or even opposition from Arminian agencies - agencies that are sometimes supported and encouraged by Reformed churches at home, in the name of ‘mission’!’
    • ‘Missions had served as a rallying cry for Arminian and Calvinistic Baptists in Scotland as it had for Baptists in England in previous years.’
    • ‘Knowing that salvation is of the Lord, and not of our free will, removes both the despair and the pride that accompanies Arminian evangelism.’
    • ‘Appointed to a living at Kilwinning in Ayrshire, he took part in the Glasgow Assembly, protested against Arminian innovations, and served with the army of the covenant.’
    • ‘Theological divisions among Baptists at the beginning of the century were usually about the degree to which one held Calvinistic as against Arminian views.’
    • ‘At the same time, Spurgeon was certainly not admitted to Arminian circles because he was far too Calvinistic for them.’
    • ‘But no one knows him, and then this book shows these overwhelmingly Arminian churches that Spurgeon is in fact their ‘enemy’, for they hate Calvinism.’
    • ‘Eventually they ‘would provide the parochial foundation upon which the Laudian Church was built, and a considerable body of support for Caroline ceremonialism and Arminian doctrine’.’

noun

  • An adherent of Arminian doctrines.

    • ‘Anything with ‘neo-Calivinism’ in the title might scare off both atheists and Arminians.’
    • ‘These people spoke with great harshness of Arminians and of John Wesley, the Arminian leader, in particular.’
    • ‘Ironically, Wesley was a staunch Arminian, though his lyrics are sung by some collegians as though his Calvinist friend and fellow evangelist George Whitefield could have written them.’
    • ‘While it may be incorrect to assume that these first English Baptists were full-fledged Arminians, Smyth, Helwys, and their followers certainly held to ideas consistent with Arminian theology.’
    • ‘This, like several other chapters focusing on religion, almost becomes a case study in quite conventional ecclesiastical history - the hostilities between Puritans, Arminians and uncommitted traditionalists.’
    • ‘Charles was a high churchman and promoted Arminians, but members of Parliament were predominantly low church, equating Arminianism with ‘popery’, which they abhorred.’
    • ‘In the 160Os, Reformed Christians argued over the free will espoused by Arminians, the formal liturgy promoted by Archbishop William Laud, and the rationalism advocated by latitudinarians and Cartesians.’
    • ‘On the other hand, in Holland, Calvinism dominated the established church, and the dissenting Waterlander Mennonites were Arminians, which makes the stance of the early Baptists more understandable.’
    • ‘The doctrine of Predestination (that God ordains in advance those who shall receive salvation) became a major source of contention between the Puritans, for whom it was a fundamental article of faith, and the Arminians who rejected it.’
    • ‘Both Arminians and Calvinists can believe in and seek revivals.’
    • ‘Spurgeon and Clifford were personal friends, but Spurgeon was a Calvinist who emphasized evangelism and Clifford was an Arminian who emphasized social work.’
    • ‘Consequently the Reformed believer does not live with the constant sense of insecurity that plagues the Arminian.’
    • ‘They live in their own universe, no one understands anything they say, and they hang out with the Arminians a lot.’
    • ‘The question is why Arminians always preach and teach that Christ died for everybody without exception?’
    • ‘From the first they were opposed by more liberal Protestants, particularly Arminians, who saw no evil in decent theatre, and in fact appreciated theatrical shows.’
    • ‘Both Arminians and Calvinists represented or misrepresented each other's position in emotive language.’
    • ‘The article on ‘Predestination and Election’ in the most mature confession of the General Baptists, The Orthodox Creed, is an example of Generals drawing closer to Westminster Calvinism than many Arminians would allow.’
    • ‘Arminians does not describe us accurately, and many Baptists think Arminians are people from Armenia.’
    • ‘In theological terms, Wesley was an Arminian; but Calvinism exercised a far-reaching effect on the Methodist movement.’
    • ‘Just recently Arminianism has spawned a movement which embarrasses even Arminians by its distortion of the character of God.’

Pronunciation

Arminian

/ärˈminēən/