One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A measure of the physical condition of a newborn infant. It is obtained by adding points (2, 1, or 0) for heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, response to stimulation, and skin coloration; a score of ten represents the best possible condition.
- ‘This baby was born by normal delivery with Apgar scores of 9 at 1 minute and 9 at 5 minutes.’
- ‘Although low Apgar scores at five minutes were rare, they were more common in the low dose group.’
- ‘Some children born with low Apgar scores remain at risk of minor problems well into school age.’
- ‘Habitual snoring in the mother was also associated with growth retardation of the fetus and a low Apgar score for the infant.’
- ‘Many of the infants had low Apgar scores at birth, and overall 214 needed intubation and resuscitation.’
1960s: named after Virginia Apgar (1909–74), the American anaesthesiologist who devised this method of assessment in 1953.
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