Definition of Algonquin in English:


(also Algonkin)


  • 1A member of a North American Indian people living in Canada along the Ottawa River and its tributaries and westward to the north of Lake Superior.

    • ‘Soon, Montagnais, Algonquins, Hurons, and French, and how many more, would form a single people.’
    • ‘So I think it was a big step to recognize that a Mohawk is not a Cree, and that a Cree is not an Algonquin.’
    • ‘The Algonquins had named the territory he lived in Great Water, michi ganni.’
    • ‘His book reported that by 1640 two trade networks competed, one made up of the Algonquin, Huron, and French, and the other consisting of the Oneidas, Dutch, and English.’
    • ‘Montagnais, Algonkins and Hurons engaged in exchange involving goods, people, and ideas with both kinds of French.’
  • 2The dialect of Ojibwa spoken by the Algonquin, with about 3,000 speakers.

    • ‘Malick hired a linguist to translate the script and to teach his native actors to speak Algonquin, a language extinct for the past 200 years.’
    • ‘I didn’t speak Algonquin to my children because I wanted them to learn good English so they’ll be able to help the reserve.’
    • ‘Algonquin is a musical language that has complicated verbs with many parts.’
    • ‘An eighth language of the same subgroup of the Algonquian family, Algonquin, is listed separately, apparently for historical rather than linguistic reasons.’
    • ‘In the east, Algonquin is the principal means of communication, and spoken by the majority of all ages. In the west, most adults speak Algonquin.’
    • ‘Although he is far better known for his novels, Norman continues to work as a translator from Algonquin and Cree.’
    • ‘And as we were often told, ‘Mohawk means cannibal, in Algonquin.’’
    • ‘Everyone here came from somewhere else, unless your native language is Algonquin.’
    • ‘The Algonquin/Algonkin are a nation living in southern Quebec and Ontario. They speak Algonquin/Algonkin.’
    • ‘In the west children prefer the national language, although some may speak Algonquin; most adults speak Algonquin.’


  • Relating to the Algonquin or their language.

    • ‘Spoken Ojibwa or Ojibwemowin is an Algonquin language with regional dialectical differences.’
    • ‘And that's in Cree, which comes from the Algonquin language.’
    • ‘Manitou, The Great Spirit, is an Algonquin term, often erroneously applied as spirit monster.’
    • ‘According to Algonquin legend, Tremblant would receive a violent shaking from the god Manitou if man ever disturbed its natural setting.’
    • ‘Illiniwek was the name of the loose confederation of Algonquin tribes that once lived in the area.’


The use of Algonquin to refer generically to the Algonquian peoples or their languages is incorrect


French, contraction of obsolete Algoumequin, from a Micmac word meaning ‘at the place of spearing fish and eels’.